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Alcona-AK-157-Geskiedenis

Alcona-AK-157-Geskiedenis



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Alcona

'N Graafskap in die ooste van Michigan aan die westelike oewer van die Huron -meer.

(AK-157: dp. 7,125 (tl.), 1,338'6 ", b. 50'0", dr. 21'1 "(lim.); S. 11,5 k .; cpL 85, a. 13 ", 6 20 mm .; cl. Alamosa; T. C1-M-AVI)

Alcona (AK-157) is op 27 November 1943 te Richmond, Calif., Deur die Kaiser Shipbuilding Co; deur die vloot Alcona genoem en op 25 Februarie 1944 AK-157 aangewys; op 9 Mei 1944 gelanseer en geborg deur mev Morris Chamberlain van Oakland, Kalifornië, op 15 September 1944 deur die Maritieme Kommissie na die vloot oorgeplaas en dieselfde dag in opdrag van luitenant Lester J. Lavine, USNR, in opdrag. Alcona verskuif daarna na die Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, Kalifornië, om ingerig te word.

Na afloop van opleiding in San Pedro, Kalifornië, meld Alcona per diens aan diensdiens eskader 7 op 22 Oktober 1944 dieselfde dag as wat sy na San Francisco seil. By die aankoms op die 23d het die vragskip vrag aan boord geneem en op die laaste dag van Oktober aan die gang gegaan om operasies te begin met die verskaffing van Amerikaanse gevorderde basisse in Nieu -Guinee en later, in die Filippyne - operasies wat haar vir die res van die tyd besig sou hou. oorlog.

Terwyl Alcona op 10 en 11 November kortliks by Pearl Harbor stilgehou het, het hy verder gegaan via Finschhafen, Nieu -Guinee, na Manus waar sy op 29 November aangekom het. Nadat sy haar vrag afgelaai het, het Alcona daarna via Hollandia, Nieu -Guinee, gegaan na Mios Woendi, op die Padaido -eilande, waar sy Kersfees deurgebring het voordat sy op 27 Desember na Australië aan die gang was.

Alcona het Brisbane, Australië, op 4 Januarie 1945 bereik en vrag daar gelaai tot die 10de toe sy 'n anker aan die hoof van die gevorderde basis in Milne Bay, Nieu -Guinee, geweeg het. Nadat sy haar ruim daar en by Finschhafen leeggemaak het, het die vragskip na Torokina, Bougainville, in die Solomons gegaan om 'n myn -eenheid op te haal vir vervoer na die Filippyne. Op 27 Januarie by Cane Torokina aangekom, het die skip, via Hollandia, die volgende oggend aan die gang gekom en op 12 Februarie by San Pedro Bay, Leyte, aangekom.

Aan die gang vir Manus op die 24ste het Alcona op 3 Maart in die Admiraliteite aangekom en vrag daar gelaai voordat hy op 11de na Brisbane aan die gang gekom het. Alhoewel 'n tifoon die skip se deurgang belemmer het, het sy op die 18de haar bestemming sonder ongeluk bereik. Onderstebo keer Alcona terug na die Filippyne en betree Manila Bav op 24 April. Onderweg terug raak sy aan by Seeadler Harbour, Manus, en Humboldtbaai, Nieu -Guinee, voordat sy Hollandia bereik om te herlaai. By sy terugkoms in die Filippyne het Alcona haar vrag in tenklandingsvaartuie (LCT's) van die voormalige Amerikaanse vlootbasis by Cavite afgelaai. Nadat sy op 17 Mei meer vrag by Subicbaai, dieselfde dag in Guiuan Samar en in San Pedrobaai afgelaai het, het Alcora die middel van Junie vir die derde keer Brisbane besoek.

Alcona het middel Julie 'n ander vrag na die Filippyne vervoer en het haar taak op 8 Augustus by Subicbaai voltooi, twee dae nadat die eerste atoombom op die stad Hiroshima neergegooi is. Op die 12de het Samona aan die gang gekom, drie dae later het Alcona aangekom en was hy op die anker van Samar, die david wat Japan op 15 Augustus 1945 kapituleer het.

Alcona het nog 'n reis van Brisbane na die Filippyne onderneem, en het daarna, nadat hy herstelwerk ondergaan het in die gevorderde drywende dok ABSD -5 van die basiese deursnee, op 12 November na Samar gegaan. Die vragskip het daar gebly totdat sy op 9 Januarie 1946 na Panama geseil het. Op 3 Maart by Balboa kom Alcona die middag die Panamakanaal binne en bereik Cristobal aan die Atlantiese kant van die landas, om 2340. Op pad na Norfolk op die oggend van 7 Maart , Het Alcona na haar bestemming gegaan totdat dit op die 12de na New York herlei is. Sy het op die 16de in Gravesendbaai, N.Y., geanker, maar het tien dae later aan die gang gekom vir Bayonne, N.J. Die vragskip het die middag die kaai by die vlootbasis -bylae bereik.

Nadat die vrag wat uit die Stille Oseaan gebring is, afgelaai is en nuwe vrag gelaai is, het Alcona die oggend van 13 April na Norfolk begin en die volgende oggend in Hampton Roads geanker. Die skip het omstreeks 1945 op 1405 onderweg gekom en by 1445 Pier 4, kaai 42, Naomi Operating Base (NOB), Norfolk, Va., Bereik om vrag te ontslaan. Sy het die middag van die 24ste van die vragbedrywighede ontslae geraak en in Hampton Roads gestroom en vasgesteek tot die oggend van 1 Mei, toe sy aan die gang was na Boston, Mass.

Aanvanklik is beplan om Alcona in Norfolk te ontmantel sodat sy na die War Shipping Administration teruggestuur kan word en in die Jamesrivier gelê kan word om te wag vir verdere beskikking. Op 18 April 1946 het kapt. Richard H. Cruzen, voornemende bevelvoerder van 'n Arktiese oefening, met die naam "Nanook" versoek dat Alcona aan sy taakspan toegewys word. Die goedkeuring van sy versoek verleng die skeepvaart se loopbaan en op 27 ADRI beveel die hoof van vlootoperasies haar aan "Nanook".

A7cona het kort voor die middag op 3 Mei in Boston aangekom en langs die vernietiger, Willard Keith (DI) 775), vasgemeer. Vyf dae later verlig kapt. Robert J. Esslinger (wat 'n vlootkruis in Kearny (DD-432) en 'n Silver Star gewen het vir bevel oor Sproston (DD-577) van Okinawa in 1945) lt.kom. H. D. Byington USNR, in bevel.

Aanvanklik is 'Nanook' beskou as 'n klein operasie wat slegs 'n ysversterkte reddingsboot (ATR) en 'n ysbreker insluit. Maar namate die omvang van die bedrywighede uitgebrei het tot die oprigting van gevorderde weerstasies in die Kanadese Arktiese gebied en in Groenland, het dit duidelik geword dat 'n verhoogde hefvermoë nodig was.


Alcona-AK-157-Geskiedenis

Historiese Coroner -sake. Voor September 1996 was die Alaska Court System verantwoordelik vir die voorsiening van lykskouingsfunksies. Regters van die distrikshof, landdroste en openbare administrateurs is statutêr gemagtig om lykskouings en pligte uit te voer. Coroners was verantwoordelik vir die ondersoek na die oorsaak en manier van dood van enige persoon wat óf sonder toesig deur 'n dokter gesterf het, of wat agterdogtig gesterf het. Om 'n historiese geregtelike doodsgeval te vind, (1) soek op die oorledene se naam in CourtView, of (2) kontak die hof wat die naaste aan die sterfplek is vir 'n deursoeking van papierindeks en die elektroniese Historiese indeks. Sien historiese gevalle voor 1990.

Huidige Coroner -sake. In September 1996 is die posisie van lykskouer by statute afgeskaf, en baie van die lykskouingspligte wat vroeër deur regterlike beamptes uitgevoer is, is na die kantoor van die staatsgeneeskundige oorgeplaas.

Die oorblywende regterlike pligte word nou as volg ingedien en in CourtView genommer:

Tipe aksie Soort tipe hofsaak Saaknommer agtervoegsel
Versoek om ondersoek Burgerlike lykskouer CI
Versoek vir vermoedelike dood Burgerlike lykskouer CI
Onopgeëiste liggaamsbevel Burgerlike lykskouer CI
Versoek om vrystelling van eiendom aan tydelike bewaarder
Onder AS 12.65.105
Probate PR
Lykskouingsuitdagings Hooggeregshof
Burgerlike versoekskrif
CI
Disinterment Hooggeregshof
Burgerlike versoekskrif
CI
Diverse versoek Hooggeregshof
Burgerlike versoekskrif
CI

Geldeenheid van inligting

Inligting verskyn aanlyn sodra dit in die saakbestuurstelsel ingevoer word. Die klerke probeer om die stelsel op datum te hou, maar sommige inligting word eers 'n paar dae nadat die gebeurtenis plaasgevind het, ingevoer.

Datums ingesluit / historiese gevalle voor 1990

Daar is geen omvattende saakinligting beskikbaar vir enige verhoorhoflokasies voor 1990 nie. Voor 1990 het howe 'n alfabetiese indeks van partye op papierindekskaartjies gehandhaaf. Die inligting op die indekskaarte was beperk tot die saaknommer en die naam van die party of partye.

As 'n saak wat voor 1990 ingedien is, weer aktief raak, word die saak by CourtView ingeskryf, sodat u CourtView -soekresultate sake uit die 1980's en 1970's kan insluit, maar u moet nie aanvaar dat al die gevalle uit daardie jare by CourtView ingesluit is.

Soos die tyd dit toelaat, omskep howe die papierindeks kaarte handmatig in 'n staatswye elektroniese historiese indeks. Omdat hierdie indeks vertroulike sake bevat, is dit wel so nie beskikbaar vir die publiek vir navorsing. U moet 'n klerk vra om dit vir u te soek. Totdat alle indekskaarte in die elektroniese historiese indeks ingevoer is, 'n soektog na beide indekskaarte en die elektroniese historiese indeks moet gedoen word om sake voor 1990 met betrekking tot 'n individu aanhangig te maak.

Kontak elke hof vir volledige inligting oor sake voor 1990.

Gesinsverhoudinge en gesinsgeweld (1980's)

In die 1980's was die agtervoegsel vir huisnommers en huishoudelike geweld:

Tipe saak Saaknommer agtervoegsel
Huislike verhoudings
(Ontbindings, egskeidings, bewaring, ens.)
DR
Huishoudelike geweld DV

By die meeste gevalle, toe hierdie gevalle na CourtView omgeskakel is, is die agtervoegsel van die saaknommer verander na "CI & rdquo om aan te pas by die huidige praktyk. Daar was egter 'n paar gevalle waar die agtervoegsel nie verander kon word nie omdat daar 'n ander" CI & rdquo -saak met dieselfde nommer. As u gedurende hierdie tydperk soek na 'n saaknommer wat een van hierdie soorte tipes insluit, word dit aanbeveel dat u twee soektogte uitvoer: een met die agtervoegsel "CI & rdquo en een met die agtervoegsel" DR & rdquo of "DV & rdquo.

Let op: Sake wat voor 1990 ingedien is, word moontlik nie in CourtView gelys nie. Vir meer inligting, sien Historiese gevalle voor 1990.

Felony oortuigings

Moenie aanneem dat 'n beskuldigde skuldig bevind is aan 'n misdryf op grond van die tipe saak wat op die soekresultaatskerm en op die skermsaakopsomming verskyn nie. Die tipe saak weerspieël slegs die aanklagte wat in die oorspronklike laai dokument verskyn het. As die oorspronklike aanklagdokument enige oortredingsklagte bevat, word die saak as 'n misdryf ('distrikshof' of 'Superior Court Felony & rdquo') genoem, selfs al word al die aanklagte uiteindelik tot wangedrag verminder of van die hand gewys.

Geringe oortredingsgevalinligting

Geringe oortredings word omskryf in Reël 2 vir minderjarige oortredings. CourtView bevat slegs nie-vertroulike geringe oortredings wat by die hof ingedien is.

  1. Geringe oortredings aangekla op aanhalings. In Alaska word nie alle geringe oortredings by die hof ingedien nie. Administratiewe Bulletin 39 verduidelik watter geringe aanhalings by die hof ingedien moet word. Geringe oortredings wat by die hof ingedien word, kry 'n saaknommer vir geringe oortredings, behalwe soos uiteengesit in #3 hieronder.
  2. Klein oortredings aangekla op klagtes of inligting. Geringe misdrywe wat op 'n klagte of inligting aangekla word, word by die hof ingedien en 'n saaknommer met 'n geringe oortreding word toegeken, behalwe soos uiteengesit in # 3 hieronder. Sien Reël 4 vir geringe oortreding.
  3. Geringe oortredings saam met verwante strafbare oortredings. Geringe oortredings wat verband hou met verwante kriminele oortredings kry 'n kriminele saaknommer. Sien Reël 17 vir geringe oortreding.
  4. Vertroulike geringe oortredingsake. Sommige gevalle van geringe oortreding kan vertroulik gemaak word ingevolge administratiewe reël 40 (a). Hierdie sake is nie vir die publiek beskikbaar nie.

Tipes gevalle ingesluit

Inligting oor vertroulike sake is nie aanlyn beskikbaar nie. Vir inligting oor 'n vertroulike saak, kontak die hof waar die saak aanhangig gemaak is. Tipes vertroulike gevalle sluit in: misdadigheid, CINA (kind wat hulp nodig het), aanneming, geestesverbintenis, alkoholverbintenis, emansipasie, mediese noodgevalle en geringe skikking.

Inligting oor sake wat by die Alaska Hooggeregshof of die Alaska Hof van Appèl geappelleer is, is beskikbaar op die webwerf van die Appellate Courts Case Management System.

Verifieer identiteit

Moenie aanvaar dat 'n persoon in hierdie databasis die persoon is wat u soek sonder om ten minste te bevestig dat die geboortedatum dieselfde is nie. Die hofstelsel waarsku werkgewers, kredietagentskappe en ander om identiteit te verifieer voordat hulle nadelige stappe doen teen 'n persoon wie se naam in hierdie databasis verskyn. Bykomende identifiserende inligting kan in die dossier beskikbaar wees. Om 'n afskrif van dokumente uit die saakdossier aan te vra, kontak die hof waarin die saak geliasseer is.

Soek en navigasie

Soekskerminligting

Daar is drie oortjies om die tipe soektog te kies. As u op saaknommer soek, is die standaardkieslys 'n ander oortjie om op naam of kaartjie-/aanhalingsnommer te soek.

Bo -aan die soekskerm kan u die Aantal resultate jy wil vertoon per bladsy. Toegang tot bykomende bladsye is in die regter onderste hoek van die skerm beskikbaar.

Die maksimum aantal rekords wat vir 'n gegewe soektog teruggestuur word, is 500 gevalle. Om alle sake waarby 'n party met meer as 500 sake betrokke is, te sien, moet u addisionele soekparameters invoer, soos soek op datumreekse.

Hoe om saaknommer in te voer

As u 'n saaknommer invoer, moet u voorste nulle gebruik. Die ry nommer moet 5 syfers wees. Strepies word vereis

Op soek na maatskappye

Om alle openbare sake oor 'n onderneming te vind, moet u drie afsonderlike soektogte doen:

  1. Tik die eerste woord van die maatskappy se naam in die maatskappynaam veld. Klik dan op die SOEK knoppie. (As die resultaatset te groot is, probeer weer met die eerste twee woorde van die maatskappy se naam.)
  2. Om die tweede soektog uit te voer, verwyder die sleutelwoord uit die veld Bedryfsnaam. Tik dieselfde woord in die Van veld. Klik dan op die SOEK knoppie.
  3. Om die derde soektog uit te voer, verwyder die sleutelwoord uit die veld Naam. Tik dieselfde woord in die Eerste naam veld. Klik dan op die SOEK knoppie.

Soek partytjie name

Om alle openbare sake oor 'n individu te vind:

  1. Soek verskeie spellings.
  2. Stel voor dat u die eerste voorletter gebruik. Soek op algemene byname (byvoorbeeld Bob vir Robert).
  3. As u nie seker is oor die hele spelling van 'n van nie, soek dan in die eerste deel van die naam. Byvoorbeeld: U kan op "Christ & rdquo soek vir Christensen, Christiansen, Christianson ens.

Op soek na testamente

Gebruik CourtView om testamente op naam te soek by enige hof in Alaska. Saaknommers vir testamente eindig met 'n agtervoegsel WI (voorbeeld: 3AN-06-00001WI).

Begrip van saakinligting

  • Sodra u die rekord van 'n saak ingevoer het, sal u op die "saakdetailskerm & rdquo wees. Daar is twee maniere om deur saakskerms te navigeer:
    • Blaai deur die saakdetailskerm. Alle inligting is op die skerm.
    • Om by spesifieke inligting uit te kom, kan u ook op een van die oortjies bo -aan klik om na die afdeling op die detailskerm te gaan.

    Saakbeskikking versus heffingbeskikking

    In gevalle van kriminele en geringe oortredings word slegs beskuldigings van beskuldiging vertoon. Moenie aanvaar dat die beskuldigde skuldig bevind is op alle aanklagte nie. Kontroleer die disposisie vir elke heffing.

    In gevalle van burgerlike en klein eise:

    • As alle eise teen alle partye van die hand gewys word, sal die beskikking van die saak weerspieël dat die saak van die hand gewys is.
    • As een of meer eise tot 'n uitspraak gelei het, weerspieël die saakbeskikking dat die saak deur 'n vonnis afgehandel is.
      • Moenie aanneem dat 'n vonnis teen alle verweerders en namens alle eisers gelê is nie. Raadpleeg die dossier of die dossier vir volledige inligting oor hoe verskeie eise afgehandel is.

      Saakstatus

      In CourtView is daar drie saakstatus:

      Oop: Die saak is begin en is nog nooit gesluit of heropen nie.

      Gesluit: Oor die algemeen word 'n saak gesluit wanneer 'n finale besluit oor die saak ingedien word. Daar is egter 'n paar uitsonderings soos uiteengesit in die afdeling vir uitsondering van gevalstatus hieronder.

      Heropen: Oor die algemeen word 'n saak heropen vir die volgende aktiwiteite na die oordeel. Daar is egter 'n paar uitsonderings soos uiteengesit in die uitsonderingsafdeling hieronder.

      • Alle tipes gevalle:
        • Bevel Ontruiming of afwyking
        • Bevel vir nuwe verhoor (na mosie of appèl)
        • Appèlbesluit anders as bevestig
        • Versoeke om proeftydperk terug te trek
        • Oortuiging word tersyde gestel
        • Motie om onwettige vonnis reg te stel
        • Bewys om toesig, ondersteuning of besoek aan te pas
        • Motie om kinderondersteuning vir 18-jarige te verleng
        • Bewys om langtermyn beskermingsbevel te wysig of op te los
        • Versoek vir latere administrasie

        Gevalstatus -uitsonderings: In CourtView is daar 'n paar funksies wat veroorsaak dat 'n saak gesluit en heropen word, behalwe die algemene reëls hierbo. Hierdie uitsonderings is:

          Geregtelike herbesorging. In CourtView, wanneer 'n saak na 'n ander regter oorgedra word, word die saak gesluit en word dit outomaties heropen. Die saakbeskikking weerspieël 'n heraanwysing van 'n regter.

        Koste, vervaldatums en aangepaste bedrae en ander finansiële aktiwiteite

        Die koste sluit dinge in soos:

        • Liasseringskoste
        • Diverse geld wat aan die hof betaal is vir afskrifte, ens.
        • Borgtog
        • Kontantverbande
        • Boetes
        • Bybetalings
        • Restitusie
        • Ander bedrae in monetêre vonnis wat in strafsake aangeteken word (koste van gevangenisstraf, koste van aangestelde advokaat)
        • Gelde ingesamel en vrygelaat in siviele en klein eise sake.

        Finansiële inligting vir 'n saak is beskikbaar deur op die Finansiële dossiere oortjie bo -aan die detail van die saak. Die notering van Financial Docks bevat koste op 'n saak, bedrae wat aangepas is, die aanpassingsrede en die verskuldigde saldo na die hof.

        Die term "aangepas & rdquo" beteken dat die koste nie meer betaal moet word nie na die hof. As 'n koste egter aangepas is, kan daar steeds 'n balans aan die staat of die stad se versamelingskantoor wees. Die "aangepaste rede & rdquo sal weerspieël as 'n koste vir invordering oorgedra is. Om vas te stel waarom 'n koste aangepas is: (1) Klik op die Finansieel oortjie (2) beweeg oor die (i) -ikoon langs die aangepaste bedrag. Die aangepaste rede sal verskyn.

        As die aanpassingsrede & quotOorgedra vir versamelings, & quot kontak die staat of stad versamelings kantoor om betalings te doen of vir inligting.

        STAAT EN MUNISIPALE VERSAMEL EENHEDE
        Indien die eiser: Kontak
        Staat Alaska /
        Gedeelde dienste van Alaska (SSoA)
        Account Control Technology, Inc.
        Posbus 9025
        Renton WA 98057
        Telefoon: 1-844-898-1129
        Betaal aanlyn: ACTEZPay.com
        Gemeente Anchorage Anchorage Collections Unit
        632 West 6th Ave.
        Anchorage, AK 99501
        Telefoon: (907) 343-6663
        Stad Cordova Spoorweglaan 602
        P.O. Box 1210
        Cordova, AK 99674
        Telefoon: (907) 424-6100
        Stad Dillingham Stad Dillingham
        P.O. Box 889
        Dillingham, AK 99576
        Telefoon: (907) 842-5212
        Stad Fairbanks Stadsklerk van Fairbanks en rsquos
        Stadsaal
        Cushmanstraat 800
        Fairbanks, AK 99701
        Telefoon: (907) 459-6702
        Fairbanks North Star Borough FNSB Klerk & rsquos Kantoor
        P.O. Box 71267-1267
        809 Pioneer Road
        Fairbanks, AK 99701
        Telefoon: (907) 459-1401
        Stad Houston Stadsklerk
        P.O. Box 940027
        Houston, AK 99694-0027
        Telefoon: (907) 892-6869
        Stad en stad Juneau Stad en amp Juneau kantore
        155 S. Seward St.
        Juneau, AK 99801
        Telefoon: (907) 586-5268
        Stad Kenai Stad Kenai
        210 Fidalgo Ave., Suite 200
        Kenai, AK 99611
        Telefoon: (907) 283-8225
        Stad Ketchikan Stad Ketchikan
        Hoofstraat 334
        Ketchikan, Alaska 99901
        Telefoon: (907) 225-3111
        Stad Kodiak Stad Kodiak
        Finansiële departement
        710 Mill Bay Road
        Kodiak, AK 99615
        Telefoon: (907) 486-8659
        Ketchikan Gateway Borough Ketchikan Gateway Borough
        Eerste Laan 1900
        Ketchikan, Alaska 99901
        Telefoon: (907) -225-6628
        Matanuska-Susitna-stad Mat-Su Borough
        350 E. Dahlia Ave.
        Palmer, AK 99645
        Telefoon: (907) 745-9677
        Stad van die Noordpool Stad van die Noordpool
        Rekeninge betaalbaar
        Sneeumanlaan 125
        Noordpool, AK 99705
        Telefoon: (907) 488-8536
        Stad Palmer Stad Palmer
        231 W. Immergroen Ave.
        Palmer, AK 99645
        Telefoon: (907) -745-0930
        Stad en stad Sitka Stad en stad Sitka
        100 Lincoln St.
        Sitka, AK 99835
        Telefoon: (907) 747-1821
        Stad Wasilla Stad Wasilla
        290 W. Herning Ave.
        Wasilla, AK 99654
        Telefoon: (907) 373-9082
        Stad Soldotna Stad Soldotna
        177 North Birch St.
        Soldotna, AK 99669
        Telefoon: (907) 262-9107

        Sakskerm

        Die dossier is 'n permanente, kumulatiewe verslag van alle verrigtinge in 'n saak. Nie alle kaste verteenwoordig dokumente in die saak nie.

        Enkele voorbeelde van wat u in die dossier kan vind, sluit in:

        • Mosies ingedien en die uitslag van die mosies
        • Geld ontvang vir boetes, restitusie, borgtog, liasseringskoste en betalings wat op vonnisse toegepas word
        • Regterlike opdragte en/of heropdragte
        • Dokumente wat in die saak geliasseer is
        • Inligting oor burgerlike oordeel

        'N Paar voorbeelde van wat jy wil nie vind in die dossier sluit in:

        • Geleentheidsinligting (geskeduleerde verhore en/of verhoordatums)
        • Vonnisbesonderhede
        • Toetsvoorwaardes
        • Bewys van voldoening aan enige behandelingsprogram of gemeenskapswerkdiens

        LET WEL:
        Inligting oor geleenthede word aanlyn gelys onder die blad "Gebeurtenis".
        Sien die saakdossier vir inligting oor vonnisoplegging, besonderhede oor die voorwaardes van die proeftydperk en bewys van voldoening.

        Finansiële aktiwiteit

        As daar boetes, borgtog, koste of ander finansiële aktiwiteite op 'n saak is, sal die oortjies & quotFinancial & quot en & quotFinancial Dockets & quot bo -aan die saakrekordskerm verskyn. Klik op hierdie oortjies om die finansiële aktiwiteit van die saak te sien. Hierdie oortjies doen nie vertoon as daar geen finansiële aktiwiteit op 'n saak is nie.

        Ander inligting

        Case Number Suffixes

        Agtervoegsel Tipe saak
        AU
        Byvoorbeeld: 3DI-15-00010AU
        Minderjarige alkohol (nie-kriminele)
        CI
        Byvoorbeeld: 2BA-98-01234CI
        Burgerlik
        CO
        Byvoorbeeld: 3DI-95-01234CO
        Leweraar
        (Slegs voor 1996)
        CR
        Byvoorbeeld: 1WR-98-01234CR
        Kriminele
        (Dit kan ook geringe alkoholinname insluit en gevalle van geringe alkoholgebruik, wat nie misdaad is nie, herhaal)
        DR
        Byvoorbeeld: 4FA-94-01234DR
        Huisverhoudinge - Egskeiding en Ontbinding
        (Na 1 Januarie 1995 het DR -gevalle die agtervoegsel CI)
        DV
        Byvoorbeeld: 2EM-94-01234DV
        Huishoudelike geweld
        (Na 1 Januarie 1995 het DV -gevalle die agtervoegsel CI)
        MO
        of
        Geen agtervoegsel nie
        Byvoorbeeld: 4RA-98-01234MO
        2KB-98-K01234
        Klein oortreding - Oortreding of oortreding (nie -kriminele)
        PR
        Byvoorbeeld: 3KN-98-01234PR
        Probate
        SC
        Byvoorbeeld: 4BE-98-01234SC
        Klein eise
        TR
        Byvoorbeeld: 1PL-98-01234TR
        Registrasie van Trusts
        WI
        Byvoorbeeld: 2SE-98-01234WI
        Deposito van testamente

        Tipes gevalle

        Saaksoort verwys na die uiteensetting van verskillende soorte sake. Byvoorbeeld, verkeer, burgerlike, egskeidings, ontbindings, probate, klein eise en kriminele ens. Vertroulike sake is nie beskikbaar via webtoegang nie. Partye in 'n vertroulike saak het slegs toegang tot lêerinligting by die hof en kan van hulle vereis word om identifikasie te verskaf om die lêer te kan sien.

        Voorbeelde van vertroulike sake sluit in:

        • Alle kinder- en rsquosverrigtinge (gevalle van wanbetaling en kinders wat hulp benodig)
        • Aannemings
        • Alkoholverbintenisse
        • Geestelike verbintenisse
        • Bevryding
        • Die meeste ander tipes probate, behalwe boedels en beskermingsgedinge

        Hofvoorvoegsels, omskakelingsdatums en sake van geslote howe

        Ontsifering van saaknommers

        'N Saaknommer bestaan ​​uit vier dele:

        3PA-98-01234CI

        1. Die voorvoegsel vertel u die geregtelike distrik en die hof.
          Alaska het vier geregtelike distrikte. 'N Kaart van die geregtelike distrikte is op die webwerf van die hof beskikbaar.
          In hierdie voorbeeld, 3PA staan ​​vir Third Judicial District, Palmer. Volledige lys van voorvoegsels vir die ligging van die hof.
        2. Hierdie nommer is die jaar waarin die saak by die hof ingedien is.
          In die voorbeeld hierbo is die saak in 19 aangeteken 98 . Papierdokumente vir sommige ouer kriminele saaknommers het moontlik ook 'n brief voor die jaar (S, C, M of B), maar die brief is in alle elektroniese hofsaakrekords verwyder en moet nie ingesluit word as u na 'n hofsaak soek nie .
        3. Hierdie nommer is die volgende beskikbare nommer in die volgorde van sake wat daardie jaar ingedien is.
          In hierdie voorbeeld was hierdie geval die 01234 Die saak is in 1998 aanhangig gemaak.
        4. Die agtervoegsel vertel u die algemene kategorie van die saak.
          In die voorbeeld hierbo, CI staan ​​vir Civil. Die agtervoegsels van die saaknommer verander oor tyd. Byvoorbeeld, gevalle van gesinsgeweld het vandag 'n aparte agtervoegsel van DV gehad, en word 'n CI -agtervoegsel toegeken. As u nie 'n bevredigende resultaat kry as u op soek is na 'n saaknommer vir huishoudelike verhoudings of gesinsgeweld wat voor 1995 ingedien is nie, probeer dan om die saaknommer te soek met behulp van die volgende agtervoegsels: DV, DR en CI. 'N Volledige lys van agtervoegsels is hierbo verskaf.

        Vrae oor saakrekords / aanmeldingsfoute by rekords

        Vir vrae oor 'n saakrekord, of as u van mening is dat 'n rekord in die databasis 'n feitelike fout, kontak asseblief die hof waar die saak ingedien is.

        Waar om borgtog te plaas

        Ure buite die hof:

        • Borgtog kan aangebring word enigste by die JAIL waar die verweerder aangehou word.

        Tydens die hofure:

        • Borgtog kan by die JAIL waar verweerder geleë is of by enige HOF.

        Uitsondering: Die tronke op die volgende plekke vind plaas nie borgtog tydens hofure aanvaar:

        • Glenallen
        • Kake
        • Ketchikan
        • Petersburg
        • Prins van Wallis
        • Tok
        • Wrangell

        As 'n beskuldigde op een van hierdie plekke in die tronk is, kan borgtog opgelê word enigste by die HOF gedurende die hofure.

        Betalingsvorm: Raadpleeg die gevangenis of die hof om uit te vind watter betaalmetode aanvaar word (slegs kontant, slegs posorders, kredietkaart, ens.)


        Windklas-ysbrekers van die Royal Canadian Navy

        Die windklas -ysbrekers was 'n reeks diesel -elektriese ysbrekers wat in diens was van die Amerikaanse vloot, Amerikaanse kuswag, Royal
        Die Royal Navy was verantwoordelik vir die hele Britse Noord -Amerika, tot die Kanadese Konfederasie in 1867. Na die Konfederasie het die Royal Navy toenemend
        Ysbreker van windklas Eerste ingebruikneming op 8 Julie 1954 as haar majesteit se Canadian Ship HMCS Labrador wimpel nommer AW 50 in die Royal Canadian Navy
        waardevolle kennis oor ysbrekers wat in die ontwerp van die windklas -ysbrekers gebruik is. Sy het haar reis deur die Panamakanaal tot by Groot
        Dit is 'n lys van ysbrekers en ander spesiale ysbrekende vaartuie, behalwe vragskepe en tenkwaens wat onafhanklik in ys bedek kan word
        Met die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het die Royal Canadian Navy RCN sy vinnige uitbreiding gestaak en die militêre uitgawes drasties verminder. Hierdie
        Die amptelike geskiedenis van die Royal Navy begin met die formele oprigting van die Royal Navy as die nasionale vlootmag van die Koninkryk Engeland in 1660
        George toe die ysbreker opdaag. Louis S. St - Laurent het die sleepwa oorgeneem en Ann Harvey na Connoirebaai gebring waar duikers van die Royal Canadian Navy kon
        E.H. Mayer USN, bevelvoerder. Glacier is die enigste ysbreker wat in die Glacier -klas gebou is en was 11 jaar lank in die Amerikaanse vlootdiens, en die Amerikaanse kuswag
        om die ouer fregatte van die Riga -klas te vervang, maar is eerder gekies as 'n ontwerp vir uitvoer na verskillende vriendelike vloot Die Koni I -subklas is ontwerp

        die Polaris -ekspedisie, 'n Amerikaanse poging tot die Pool onder leiding van Charles Francis Hall, het in 'n ramp geëindig. Nog 'n poging van die Britse vloot om by die paal te kom
        A. Mangin, 1863 The Royal Society. Berton 1988. ODNB 2004. Miller 2007. Parry 1857. Parry s Rock Wintering Site. Kanadese register van historiese plekke
        Skepe Royal Canadian Navy Ontsluit 31 Oktober 2016. Govan, Thomas P. 1946 Opleiding vir berg- en winteroorlogvoering, studie nr. 23. The Army Ground
        word 'n offisier in die Britse Royal Navy wat as meester op verskeie skepe dien, nadat hy op 18 -jarige ouderdom in Ierland in diens geneem is. Hy is
        Saint John is 'n hawestad aan die Bay of Fundy in die Kanadese provinsie New Brunswick. Die hawe is die derde grootste hawe in Kanada met 'n vrag
        van biologiese oorsprong. Aan die einde van die dag het die oseanografiese vaartuie van die Argentynse vloot Puerto Deseado en Austral met ondersteuning van die ysbreker
        erkenning van die belangrikheid van die Kanadese mark, het die maatskappy in 2010 'n Kanadese kantoor geopen. Die groot Kanadese banke, waaronder die Royal Bank of Canada
        kontinent. Die Royal Navy was 'n pionier in die ontdekking van Antarktika en het die Ross -ekspedisie in 1839 onderneem wat die Ross -ys ontdek het.
        geskrap in 1921. Die Royal Navy Hawkins -klas -kruiser HMS Frobisher is na hom vernoem. Dit is geskrap in 1949. 'n SR -Lord Nelson -klas stoomlokomotief
        Februarie 2018. Ontsluit 25 Februarie 2018. HMS Alliance Royal Navy Submarine Museum. Gearchiveer van die oorspronklike op 20 Augustus 2016. Ontsluit 14 September 2016


        Die missie

        Die missie was om 'n radio- en weerstasie in Thule op te rig. Dit is gebou uit houtbarakke op die Pittufik, 'n Groenlandse woord vir "die plek waar ons die honde bind", in 'n groot gletservallei ongeveer twee kilometer van die handelsstasie North Star Bay af, wat die polar ontdekkingsreisiger Knud Rasmussen gebou het.

        Die stasie sou as 'n gesamentlike Deens/Amerikaanse operasie bedryf word, onder Deense kleure en Deense toesig deur 'n bemanning van twintig man, tien uit elke nasie.

        Gereelde weerwaarnemings is gehandhaaf as Synopsies, Pibal en Radiosonde.

        Die stasie is tot 1951 in bedryf gehou toe die Thule -lugbasis in die vallei gebou is, waarna die weerstasie na die Groenlandse nedersetting in North Star Bay verskuif is en 'Dundas' genoem is, totdat die bevolking in 1953 na Qaanaaq verder noordwaarts verskuif is.


        ★ Eilande van Alcona County, Michigan

        Ontdek 'n verskeidenheid vakansiehuise in Alcona County, VS, insluitend kothuise, hutte en meer bespreekbare Alcona County, Michigan, Verenigde State van Amerika. Lidbiblioteke in Noord -Michigan Konsortium OverDrive. NEMCOG NUWE Raad van regerings in Noordoos -Michigan P.O. Box 457 Gaylord, ty APC Nominasies Harrisville Harbour Harrisville Residential Point Middle Island Misery Bay Islands Monaghan Point North Point Devils. Bomme in u agterplaas: Michigan ProPublica. Die indiensneming het toegeneem in 7 van Michigans 10 groot graafskappe van Desember 2018 tot 3 Desember. Die ranglys bevat nie data vir Puerto Rico of die Maagde -eilande nie. Verenigde State 2. 149.857.130, $ 1.185. Michigan. 4.385.295, 1.115. Alcona. Vakansiehuise in Alcona County, VS: huise en meer Vrbo. 14, MI, 0000013, 05000US26001, Alcona County, Michigan 113, MI, 0000112, 06000US2600333380, Grand Island township, Alger County, Michigan. 114, MI.

        Kategorie: Landvorme van Alcona County, Michigan pedia.

        Sien die GRATIS topo -kaart van Black River Island, 'n eiland in Alcona County Michigan, op die Black River USGS -vierkaart. Kaart van Michigan Coronavirus: volg die Trends Mayo -kliniek. Stel die reisgidse van 2020 van Alcona County uitvoerig bekend, waar 'n groot aantal toeristeaantreklikhede in Alcona County in Michigan Happy toerisme vanaf Trip begin. Michigan Transit Links American Public Transportation Association. Staat, graafskap, sensus -traktaatnommer, bevolking, mense per vierkante myl, mediaan huishoudelike inkomste, geleentheidsone -benamingstipe.

        DNR, staat Michigan, Alcona County.

        En inligting oor die 15 provinsies in Noordoos. Michigan. Deur strek die Thunder Bay -rivier om die Maritieme Erfenisroete met Rotary -eiland te verbind. Downtown Volg die Alcona County Quilt Trail langs die kus van. Lake Huron. Dinge om te doen in Alcona County Alcona County reisgidse 2020. Lyngrafiek en tabel met bevolking, skatting van 2019 vir Alcona. Die bron van die gegewens is die US Census Bureau.

        Oor die hersiening van Alcona County. Harrisville, Mich. 1877 huidige.

        Provinsie Alcona. Alger County. Allegan County. Alpena County. Antrim County. Arenac County. Insluitend Charity Island. Baraga County. Barry County. Michigan Public Superintendent Compensation Database. Voëlkyk Alcona Oscoda County: hotspots naby Mio Baie van die Michigans -voëlspesies kan naby Mio Pond, D Island Lake Campground, nesmaak. MSU Uitbreiding, 4 H Jeugontwikkelingsprogram. 2003. Status van die visseryhulpbronverslag 2004 6. Crooked Lake: Alcona County PDF T27N, R5E, artikels 17 en 18.

        Versamelings Michigan Water Trails.

        Alcona County MSU Uitbreidingskantoor Harrisville, MI. 4 H is die grootste studente wat die biodiversiteit van Lake Huron bevorder tydens 'n ekskursie op Charity Island. Dinsdag. Munisipale Gids BS&A Online. Middle Island Light Station is geleë in Lake Huron, halfpad tussen Thunder Bay Island en Presque Isle. Daar is 7 geboue op die eiland, insluitend 'n lig. Geselekteerde aanwysers vir Alcona County, Michigan KIDS COUNT. Barton City is weggesteek in die middel van die provinsie Alcona. Eis tot roem: Die grootste vierde in die noorde. Jewell Lake is one of Barton Citys treasures, with. Fish Stocking Database DNR. Estimates are as of July 1st each year for the state of Michigan and all counties. Prior years estimates are not updated. For the cities of Detroit and Flint,.

        Alcona County, MI FRED St. Louis Fed.

        ALPENA COUNTY REGIONAL AIRPORT, 23, ALPENA, Alpena, Low Risk. JFHQ MI ARNG, 17, LANSING, Ingham, Medium Risk. KINCHELOE AIR FORCE Следующая Войти Настройки. County Employment and Wages in Michigan Fourth Quarter 2019. Check our interactive coronavirus map for the latest Michigan trends by county, plus recommendations on what they mean for you. Alcona County Population Michigan IndexMundi. Cadillac, MI 49601 on a 55 mile stretch of the Ausable River shoreline and bluffs within Alcona and Iosco Counties, from 4001 Bridge to Oscoda. Semi ​Primitive Nonmotorized Area Between Alcona Dam and Loud Pond, access is at​.

        Cheap Homes For Sale in Alcona County, MI 32 listings.

        Fish Stocking Database. Fish Stocking Database. Department of Natural Resources Michigan DNR. County: All, Alcona, Alger, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac. Michigan Broadband Providers by County Connected Nation. View photos, maps, and details 1825 Island Road of property West Branch, Michigan 48661 9444, and contact seller on Land. Find nearby land. Alcona county State of Michigan. Parts of Iosco and Ogemaw counties in Michigan have been designated by Area for bovine tuberculosis after a white tailed deer in Alcona County tested. The most unusual places in Michigans 83 counties Senator Jim. Harrisville, MI 48740. 989 390 9654 cell 0700. Mr. Jeff Hubbard. Baraga Co Emergency Management 890 Island Lake Rd, NW. Kalkaska, MI 49646. Black River Island Topo Map, Alcona County MI Black River Area. ALCONA County, Michigan Agriculture, Lawn & Garden Weather Advisory BEAVER ISLAND CLEAR 38 33 83 W5 29.88R WCI 34 BELLAIRE CLEAR 30 28​.

        Towns and Villages Alcona Chamber Alcona County Chamber of.

        She and her husband, Pat, left North Dakota returned to Alcona County with their three Tracy has been supporting place based education in northeast Michigan partnering to protect threatened Pitchers thistle on Charity Island, June 22,. In a rural county Up North, locals wait for Deadline Detroit. Alcona County: Year over year Change. Click on the ALCONA HEALTH CENTER PHARMACY 177 N BARLOW Other Areas in Michigan. © Mapbox ©​. Heritage Route 23 Discover Northeast Michigan. Michigan Public School Superintendent Compensation Database and current contract for every public school district superintendent in Michigan. 350, Beaver Island Community School, $173.800, $108.000, $31.626, $2.000 444, Alcona Community Schools, $151.937, $107.737, $28.579, , 22, 30, 692, 2019​ 2020. Trientalis borealis Michigan Flora. Alcona County Library Alden District Library Barryton Public Library Beaver Island District Library Bellaire Public Library Benzie Shores District Library.

        Members – Northland Library Cooperative.

        Harrisville. 4. Islands Isle. 4.7 acres in Ogemaw County, Michigan Lands of America. Will begin a brief sketch of Alcona County, Michigan, with the statement that mens from Rhode Island we find but one of the latter with the sulphur yellow of.

        Huron Manistee National Forests Au Sable River Primitive Camping.

        The Lake Huron shoreline in Alcona County Courtesy photo those who follow current events have read about Michigans summer resort. Fun Activities for Kids – Healthy Futures. COUNTY. SIZE IN ACRES. Alcona Dam Pond. Alcona. 975.479. Badger Lake. Alcona. 88.68 Michigans Named Inland Lakes 5 acres Island Lake. Alger.

        Alcona Township Vacation Rentals & Homes United States Airbnb.

        Bodies of water of Alcona County, Michigan‎ 1 C, 2 P. I. ▻ Islands of Alcona County, Michigan‎ 1 P. Pages in category Landforms of Alcona County, Michigan. Barton City Michigan. Pages in category Islands of Alcona County, Michigan. This category contains only the following page. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. Black River Island, Alcona County, Michigan, Island. Alcona. AT&T Services, Inc. AT&T Michigan. DSL an. 24 Barry County Telephone Island Telephone Company TDS Telecom.

        Summary of Hydrogeologic Conditions by County for the State of.

        Alcona County Mich. - Newspapers. Harrisville Mich. - Newspapers. Michigan - ​Alcona County. - fast - OCoLC fst01210809. Notes: Issue called: Greenbush. Saint Clair County, Michigan Harsens Island Fire Dept 810 748. Way to Grow Elk Rapids Schools. 9039 Old State Hwy 72, Williamsburg MI 49690. 231 649 9898 231 264 8289 Ext:4153. For families with children birth to.

        Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!


        Beltrami

        Die USS Beltrami (AK-162) was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 2107) on 18 July 1944 by Kaiser Cargo, at Richmond, California launched on 26 September 1944 sponsored by Mrs. Marvin A. Thrash and acquired by the Navy and commissioned on 4 January 1945, Lt. Gerald W. Rahill, USNR, in command.

        After fitting out at San Francisco, Beltrami got underway on 21 January for shakedown operations out of San Pedro. There, her crew members practiced loading and unloading cargo and familiarized themselves with the cargo ship's diesel engines. On 8 February, she loaded frozen food and steamed north to Longview, Wash. There, the cargo ship received a load of lumber from the Weyerhauser Co. before sailing west to Hawaii, arriving in Pearl Harbor on 1 March. Over the next two weeks, the crew unloaded lumber at Port Allen, Kauai, and Nawiliwili Bay, Kauai, before returning to Pearl Harbor.

        Assigned to the Service Force, Pacific Fleet, Beltrami sailed for the Solomon Islands on 21 March. Arriving at Guadalcanal on 3 April, the cargo ship discharged her supplies and immediately began loading for a supply run to the Admiralty Islands. Underway from the Solomons on the 8th, she arrived at Manus Island on 12 April. After unloading her cargo—Manus was a support base for the ongoing operations in the Philippines and the Ryukyus—Beltrami sailed to Ulithi, Caroline Islands, on the 25th, anchoring there four days later.

        Tasked with supporting the Okinawa campaign, Beltrami proceeded to the Philippines on 20 May, arriving in San Pedro Bay, Leyte, on 25 May. She then spent the next month discharging and loading fleet freight before sailing for the Mariana Islands on 22 June. Beltrami operated at Apra Harbor, Guam, for the next four weeks before heading to Ulithi on 21 July. She remained in reserve at that atoll through the end of the war on 15 August.

        Beltrami sailed to the Philippines late in August and spent nine weeks operating in the Leyte area, providing passenger and cargo service to the forces ashore. On 8 November, tasked with supporting American occupation forces in China, the cargo ship departed San Pedro Bay for Shanghai, arriving there on 16 November. She remained there until leaving for California on 27 January 1946, mooring in San Francisco harbor on 23 February.

        Ordered to the east coast, Beltrami got underway on 15 March, passed through the Panama Canal on the 28th, and arrived in Norfolk on 8 April. While at that base, the ship received orders to prepare for Operation “Nanook”—a project to set up a system of weather stations in the Arctic regions of the Western Hemisphere. She first made brief stops at Baltimore and Philadelphia in mid-April, both to obtain cold weather gear and to receive equipment modifications for extended sub-zero operations. The cargo ship then sailed to New York, embarking LCVPs and picket boats in early May, before moving on to Boston to load a detachment of marines. Beltrami sailed independently on 15 July, heading north toward the Strait of Belle Isle, Newfoundland.

        On 25 July, after passing through the Labrador Sea and the Davis Strait, the cargo ship rendezvoused with the icebreaker Northwind (WAG-282) in Lancaster Sound, well above the Arctic Circle. Two days later, the ships entered Dundas Harbor, Devon Island, to disembark the marine detachment. Upon entering the harbor, Northwind grounded on an uncharted pinnacle but was refloated about ten hours later without serious damage. Meanwhile, the marine detachment went ashore and set up a temporary camp at the base of an inactive glacier.

        Beltrami then proceeded to Thule, Greenland, where she joined the seaplane tender Norton Sound (AV-11), net-laying ship Whitewood (AN-63), and cargo ship Alcona (AK-157) in Task Force (TF) 68. Her crew unloaded the cargo and heavy equipment needed to construct a weather station and an emergency airstrip, before the ship returned to Dundas Harbor on 20 August and reembarked the marines after their three-week field expedition. Returning to Thule on the 22d, she sailed for home two days later and arrived in Boston on 3 September.

        Over the next two years, Beltrami plied the Atlantic coastal waters of North America, delivering general cargo from Bayonne, N. J., and Norfolk to naval stations as far south as the Canal Zone and as far north as Argentia, Newfoundland. She also made regular visits to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba St. George, Bermuda and Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico.

        On 11 February 1949, following the permanent establishment of the 6th Fleet the previous year, the cargo ship began the first of three voyages to the Mediterranean Sea. She visited Casablanca, Morocco Athens, Greece and Haifa, Israel before coming back to Norfolk on 15 April. Beltrami returned to the Mediterranean between 8 October and 2 December of that year and again between 15 June and 7 August 1951. In between these cruises, she also made one voyage to British ports, visiting Gibraltar, Plymouth, and Londonderry between 20 July and 8 September 1950.

        For the remainder of her service, Beltrami operated out of Earle, N. J., and Norfolk, primarily servicing ports and installations in the West Indies. Her most common duty was the shuttling of passengers and cargo between Guantanamo Bay, Roosevelt Roads, and Trinidad. Made obsolete by larger and faster cargo ships, Beltrami sailed from Norfolk to Charleston in late July 1955, arriving at the navy yard there on the 29th. Placed in commission, in reserve, on 1 August 1955, she was towed to Savannah, Ga., on 28 August, and was decommissioned on 10 November 1955. Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 April 1960, and she was transferred to the Maritime Administration on 21 June 1960. She was sold for scrap to Hugo Neu Steel Products on 29 August 1960. [1]


        Actinic keratosis: Diagnosis and treatment

        If you find a spot or growth on your skin that you think could be an actinic keratosis (AK), it’s time for a thorough skin exam. Should you have an AK, an accurate diagnosis and treatment can:

        Reduce your risk of developing skin cancer

        Get rid of an AK, replacing it with new, healthy-looking skin

        Help ease symptoms, such as itch, pain, or tenderness

        Most people who have AKs (or think they may have an AK) see a dermatologist. This is actually one of the most common conditions that dermatologists diagnose and treat, so these doctors have a lot of experience with AKs.

        Before (A) and after treatment (B) for actinic keratosis

        Treatment for AKs can get rid of AKs as well as reduce signs of aging on your skin.

        Here’s what you can expect when you see a board-certified dermatologist about AKs.

        How do dermatologists diagnose actinic keratosis?

        When you see a board-certified dermatologist about AKs, your dermatologist will:

        Examine your skin carefully

        Ask questions about your health, medications, and symptoms

        If you have one or more AKs on your skin, a board-certified dermatologist can often diagnose you by looking carefully at your skin. While examining your skin, your dermatologist will also look for signs of skin cancer. People who have skin that’s been badly damaged by ultraviolet (UV) light develop AKs and have a higher risk of getting skin cancer.

        If you have one or more AKs, your dermatologist will talk with you about whether to treat these precancerous skin growths. Usually, treatment is recommended.

        For a few people, a dermatologist may recommend frequent skin exams rather than treatment. Skin exams are recommended for patients who are frail and may find it hard to tolerate treatment. To be effective, treatment must destroy the AKs. When this happens, your skin will feel raw. It may be red and swollen for a brief time.

        How do dermatologists treat actinic keratosis?

        The treatment that is right for you depends on several considerations, including:

        Where the AK(s) appear on your body

        Whether you’ve had skin cancer

        Your other medical conditions, such as living with a transplanted organ

        If you have one or a few AKs, a procedure that your dermatologist can perform during an appointment may be the preferred treatment. At-home treatment is often recommended for patients who have several AKs.

        Here’s what’s involved with each treatment.

        Procedures for treating actinic keratosis

        You can often complete treatment in 1 or 2 office visits. The procedures that dermatologists use to treat AKs include:

        Cryosurgery: During cryosurgery, your dermatologist freezes the AK. The goal is to get the AK to fall off after a few days. Some AKs need more than one cryosurgery treatment before they fall off.

        To freeze the AK, your dermatologist will apply a very cold substance like liquid nitrogen to the AK. Your dermatologist can do this during an office visit while you remain awake. After cryosurgery, you may see crusting or a blister on your treated skin. This is normal and expected.

        Chemical peel: This is a medical-grade chemical peel used to destroy the top layers of skin. You cannot get this type of chemical peel at a salon or from a kit sold for home use.

        After a medical-grade chemical peel, the treated skin will be red, swollen, and sore. As the area heals, you will see new healthy skin.

        Curettage: If you have an extremely thick AK, this may the best treatment. During this procedure, your dermatologist first scrapes the AK from your skin, using a technique called curettage. Your dermatologist may follow this with a electrodesiccation, which heats the treated area to destroy any remaining AK cells.

        Photodynamic therapy: This may be recommended for a patient who continues to get new AKs or has AKs that return after treatment. This procedure is a bit time-consuming because it consists of 2 parts.

        During the first part of treatment, a solution that makes your skin extremely sensitive to light is applied to the area with AKs. You’ll sit in the office with this on your skin for about 60 to 90 minutes. Afterward, you’ll be treated with either a blue or red light.

        The light activates the solution, which can destroy the AKs. As the treated skin heals, you’ll see new, healthier skin.

        For 48 hours after treatment, you’ll need to avoid the outdoors during daylight. The UV light, even on a cloudy or snowy day, can cause a serious skin reaction. Your dermatologist will explain how to protect your skin so that you can get home.

        Most patients with AKs need 2 PDT treatments, with the second treatment given 3 weeks after the first.

        Laser resurfacing: This may be a treatment option for actinic cheilitis, a precancerous growth on the lip. It works by removing the surface layer of the skin. After treatment, the skin will feel raw and sore. When it heals in 1 or 2 weeks, you see new, healthier skin.

        At-home treatment for actinic keratosis

        If you have many AKs or AKs that you can feel but not see, your dermatologist may recommend at-home treatment.

        When you treat at home, you apply medication to your skin as directed.

        The advantage of using a medication to treat your AKs is that the medication can treat many AKs, including the ones you cannot see yet. Using this approach can reduce your risk of developing new AKs and possibly skin cancer.

        The downside of applying medication to your skin is that some patients say it’s difficult to follow the treatment plan. To be effective, you need to apply the medication as often as your dermatologist recommends. Even when the medication causes a skin reaction, which indicates that it’s working, you’ll need to keep applying the medication.

        After you finish treatment, you’ll see new, healthier skin.

        The medications that dermatologists prescribe include the following, which have all been approved by the US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat AKs:

        5-fluorouracil (5-FU) cream: You apply this once or twice a day for 2 to 4 weeks. It’s often a treatment option for the chest, arms, or back, but usually not the face due to the skin reaction it causes.

        This is not a treatment option for a woman who is pregnant. 5-FU can harm an unborn baby.

        Diclofenac sodium gel: This medication tends to cause less of a skin reaction than 5-FU, but it can still be very effective. You will need to apply it twice a day for 2 to 3 months.

        While using this medication, you must protect your treated skin from the sun. Your dermatologist can tell you the best way to protect your skin.

        Imiquimod cream: This can be a good option for the face because you can apply it once (or twice) a week, so you don’t get lots of redness and crusting. You may need to apply it for 12 to 16 weeks.

        If 12 to 16 weeks is too long, you may be able to use the medication a bit differently. You’d apply imiquimod every night for 2 weeks. For the next 2 weeks, you’d give your skin a break. Then you’d apply it again, using it every night for 2 weeks.

        To effectively treat the AKs, your dermatologist may prescribe both a procedure and medication that you apply at home.

        Avoid using hydrocotisone or another coticosteroid medication

        While treating actinic keratosis, never try to calm your treated skin by applying hydrocortisone or another corticosteroid medication. Using one of these will prevent your AK treatment from working.

        Outcome for a patient with actinic keratosis

        Some people develop a few AKs, which can often be cleared with treatment.

        If you have many AKs, it’s a good idea to be under a dermatologist’s care. Your skin has been severely damaged by UV light, so it’s likely you’ll continue get new AKs. You may also develop skin cancer. Your dermatologist can watch for signs of new AKs and skin cancer. When found early and treated, skin cancer is highly treatable.

        Your dermatologist will tell you how often to return for check-ups. Some people need a check-up once or twice a year. If you have a weakened immune system or a rare condition that greatly increases your risk of developing AKs and skin cancer, you may need to see your dermatologist every 8 to 12 weeks.

        Keep every appointment. If skin cancer develops, the sooner it is found and treated, the better your outcome.

        Self-care also plays a key role in your outcome. The right self-care can help to prevent new AKs and skin cancer.

        You’ll find the self-care that dermatologists recommend at, Actinic keratosis: Self-care.

        Related AAD resources

        Image 1: J Am Acad Dermatol. 201368(1):98-102.

        Verwysings
        Ceilley RI, Jorizzo JL. “Current issues in the management of actinic keratosis.” J Am Acad Dermatol 201368:S28-38.

        Duncan KO, Geisse JK, et al. “Epithelial precancerous lesions.” In: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, et al. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine (seventh edition). McGraw Hill Medical, New York, 2008: 1007-15.

        Martin G, Swanson N. “Clinical findings using ingenol mebutate gel to treat actinic keratoses.” J Am Acad Dermatol 201368:S39-48.

        Micali G, Lacarrubba F, et al. “Topical pharmacotherapy for skin cancer: part I. Pharmacology.” J Am Acad Dermatol. 201470:965.e1-12.

        Micali G, Lacarrubba F, et al. “Topical pharmacotherapy for skin cancer: part 2: Clinical applications,” J Am Acad Dermatol 201470:979.e1-12.

        Neugebauer R, Levandoski KA, et al. “A real-world, community-based cohort study comparing the effectiveness of topical fluorouracil versus topical imiquimod for the treatment of actinic keratosis.” J Am Acad Dermatol 201878:710-6.


        WASHINGTON -(Dow Jones)- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Friday sent a proposed rule to the White House's Office of Management and Budget that says carbon dioxide is a danger to the public, according to EPA officials and federal records published Monday.

        The endangerment finding - which EPA officials and internal documents say proposes that the greenhouse gas is a danger to both public health and welfare - will trigger emissions regulations across the economy under the Clean Air Act.

        While President Barack Obama says he prefers Congress to create a system that caps greenhouse gas emissions and creates a market for businesses to buy and sell the right to emit, the administration is moving forward on CO2 regulations under the Clean Air Act as a back-stop strategy designed to pressure reluctant lawmakers into action.

        "The president has made clear that to combat climate change, his strong preference is for Congress to pass energy security legislation that includes a cap on greenhouse gas emissions," a White House spokesman said in an email. "The Supreme Court ruled that the EPA must review whether greenhouse gas emissions pose a threat to public health or welfare, and this is simply the next step in what will be a long process that engages stakeholders and the public," he said.

        "This is historic news," Frank O'Donnell, head of the environmental advocacy group Clean Air Watch, wrote in an email. "It will set the stage for the first- ever national limits on global warming pollution, and it is likely to help light a fire under Congress to get moving."

        EPA spokeswoman Cathy Milbourn declined to comment on the details of the endangerment proposal, saying it was "still [an] internal and deliberative" document.

        Industry officials say that it will still take months, possibly even years, for the administration to finalize rules on regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

        A complete inter-agency review - including White House consent - is expected to be completed by April 10 and the proposal officially signed by EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson on April 16, according to an internal document presented to White House officials earlier this month and leaked to the news media. The endangerment proposal would be subjected to a 60-day public comment period before moving into the final rule stage.

        According to the internal document, the EPA believes the health effects of elevated greenhouse gas levels could cause "severe heat waves. with likely increases in mortality and morbidity, especially among the elderly, young and frail." The agency also said climate change caused by higher greenhouse gas levels could create extreme weather events. "Storm impacts are likely to be more severe" and "projected trends will increase the number of people suffering from disease and injury due to floods, storms, droughts and fires," the document said.

        Coal-fired power plants, oil refineries and domestic industries, such as energy-intensive paper, cement, fertilizer, steel and glass manufacturers, are worried the increased cost burdens imposed by climate change laws will put them at a severe competitive disadvantage to their international peers who aren't bound by similar environmental rules.

        Business groups such as the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers warn that if the EPA moves forward on regulation of CO2 under the Clean Air Act - instead of a measured legislative approach - it could force the entire economy to a grinding halt.

        "The problem is that there are a lot of unintended consequences if they bet wrong," said William Kovacs, vice president of the U.S. Chamber's environmental and regulatory affairs department. Besides triggering costly new regulation of thousands of emitting facilities across the country, Kovacs said some environmental groups may sue the government for more stringent application of the rules across a broader array of emitters.

        Environmentalists say action, either by Congress or the administration, is necessary to halt global warming and prevent the potential harmful impacts on humans and the environment.

        If the White House moves ahead with a proposed finding that CO2 endangers both public health and welfare, as political pundits and climate-change analysts widely expect, regulations of greenhouse gases could be much more stringent than the original endangerment draft proposal prepared, but not approved, by the previous administration.

        Earlier this month, the EPA proposed a national system for reporting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions by major emitters.

        The EPA said about 13,000 facilities, accounting for about 85% to 90% of greenhouse gases emitted in the country, would be covered under the registry proposal.

        The Obama administration has said it would prefer to draft climate legislation rather than use the Clean Air Act, considered too blunt of a regulatory tool for rules that would impact nearly every sector of the U.S. economy.

        The administration proposed in its fiscal-year 2010 budget raising $646 billion through government auctions of emission allowances, with most of the money being used to compensate consumers for higher energy prices. But senior Treasury officials have admitted the actual cost could be two to three times higher, and a note in the budget proposed using additional funds for a raft of other federal expenditures such as healthcare and paying the nation's deficit.

        Note: 3 times higher? My calculator says that's 1,938 TRILLION dollars in new taxes and costs on energy and goods.

        But some lawmakers are complaining that the president has yet to unveil a formal legislative proposal for creating such a system.

        On Friday, Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., a longtime champion of his state's beleaguered auto makers, told reporters that he has advised the administration to offer a detailed climate proposal "at the earliest minute."

        "If they don't, the drafting or the completing of the legislation will be very difficult," Dingell said.

        Dingell said Monday in an email, "As I have been saying all along, this is not the best set of tools for regulating greenhouse gases and it will result in a glorious mess."

        "For this reason, I am pleased the Congress and the Energy and Commerce Committee have set a rigorous schedule for considering comprehensive climate change legislation," he said.

        Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., is in the final stages of drafting a comprehensive climate and energy bill - expected to be unveiled later this month - but the real fight is going to be in the Senate.

        While Democrats hold stronger majorities in both the House and the Senate, there is resistance by some senior and influential Democrats in the Senate to some of the president's climate and energy proposals. Specifically, many don't support a 100% auction of emission credits - which would be more expensive than giving out emission allowances - and so administration officials have suggested ramming the climate revenues through the budget process, which would require only 51 votes instead of the normal 60.

        The administration is feeling pressure to demonstrate action on warming before December, when governments from around the world are set to open talks aimed at forging a successor to the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 agreement that commits many industrialized countries to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.


        A küldetés

        A misszió egy rádió- és meteorológiai állomás felállítása volt Thule-ban . Ebből épült fából laktanyát a Pittufik egy Greenlandish szó „a hely, ahol döntetlen a kutyák”, egy nagy gleccser völgy mintegy két mérföldre a kereskedelmi állomás North Star Bay , amely a sarki felfedező Knud Rasmussen épült.

        Az állomást dán / amerikai együttes műveletként, dán színek és dán felügyelete alatt, húsz, minden nemzetből tíz emberből álló legénységgel kellett működtetni .

        Rendszeres időjárási megfigyeléseket tartottak szinopszis, pibal és radiosonde formájában.

        Az állomást 1951-ig üzemeltették, amikor a völgybe építették a Thule légibázist az meteorológiai állomást ezután a grönlandi településhez, az északi csillag-öbölnél áthelyezték és "Dundas" -nek nevezték át, amíg a lakosság 1953-ban Qaanaaqba tovább nem északra ment.


        We are the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.

        We are the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.

        The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers was founded in St. Louis, Missouri on November 28, 1891. IBEW Local 1547 was chartered in Alaska on October 1, 1946, assuming the jurisdiction of IBEW work in Alaska from Local 46 in Seattle, and continues to advocate for safety and protection of the rights of electrical and communications workers, as well as local government employees, health care industry employees, and many more non-construction occupations.

        Local 1547 represents workers in many diverse construction classifications including power linemen, inside wiremen, power plant workers and technicians, mechanics, warehouse workers, line clearance tree trimmers and heavy equipment operators. Classifications in communications include telephone linemen, installation and repair workers, telephone operators, central office technicians, cable maintenance workers, and fiber optic specialists, just to name a few. We also take pride in knowing that our efforts in strengthening safety and worker rights benefit many other workers in our state, not just those we represent.

        Traditionally, people think of IBEW members as people who work with electricity—but over the years, other classifications have joined the ranks of Local 1547. Some of the many classifications we represent are: cooks, certified nursing assistants, clerks, accounting specialists, engineers, city and municipal employees, property management workers, maintenance custodians, gardeners, librarians, plant services workers, programmers, radar operators, cashiers and x-ray technicians.

        With close to 5000 members, IBEW Local 1547 is, we believe, one of the strongest unions in the state of Alaska.