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Bennington - Geskiedenis

Bennington - Geskiedenis



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Bennington


Studenteverslae help om die geskiedenis van Bennington te stoor

Ons het 'n paar vroeë verslae gekry wat deur studente van me. Edna Mohr geskryf is oor die geskiedenis van Bennington. Een veral was uiters goed geskryf. Baie van die inligting in hierdie verslae is gebruik in die boek van me. Mohr en Gary Sather uit 1992 oor Bennington se geskiedenis. Dit is duidelik dat hierdie studente baie te doen gehad het met die behoud van die vroeë geskiedenis van ons stad.

Die outeur van hierdie verslag is onbekend, maar volgens die verhaal kan ons sê dat dit omstreeks 1935 geskryf is. Dankie aan elkeen wat dit geskryf het. Ons deel dit graag met julle.

Geskiedenis van Bennington

Die gebou van Bennington op sigself is 'n lewende hoofstuk uit die steeds gloeiende verhaal van die wen van die weste. Manne wat vandag werk en beplan dat die strukture wat hul erfenis van hul kinders sal wees, môre sterk en waar sal wees. Mans wat geduld het vir die siel en die volharding van die gees om die drome werklikhede te maak. Van sulke dinge is die baanbrekers gemaak, en van sulke mense was die mense wie se name in die vroeë geskiedenis van Bennington bekend is.

Almal is argitekte van die noodlot,

Werk in hierdie mure van tyd

Sommige met massiewe dade en groot,

Sommige met versierings van rym.

Onbeskofte strukture, soos die teerpapierwinkelgebou wat in 1888 vinnig deur Felix Ebener opgegooi is, is spoedig herbou, net soos die gebou wat hy in 1889 opgerig het en wat nou deur die Desler Pool Hall beset word.

Handelaars het in daardie dae hul goedere gekoop by die reisende verkoopsman wat in lewendige tuine uit Omaha gery het. Mense het uitgesien na hul koms, want hulle was entertainers sowel as handelaars. Een man het buitengewoon goed op die viool gespeel, en die meeste van hulle kon 'n paar handtoertjies uitvoer, en almal was wonderlike storievertellers. Ou tyders sê dat hulle Will Rogers en Bob Burns van die moderne tyd kan pas. Toe hulle hul werk in Bennington voltooi het, het hulle hier toerusting gehuur en na die volgende stad gery.

Omdat daar 'n vraag na sulke dienste was, het Eggert Oft in 1889 'n skuur vir lewende en voere gebou en jare lank 'n florerende onderneming bedryf. Hy het ook 'n groot saal en hotel gebou wat in die brand van 1913 gebrand het.

Die vroegste van die geboue in Bennington wat begin is, is die winkelgebou waarin Stoltenberg en Ohrt vandag hul hardeware -onderneming het. Dit is begin in 1887 en voltooi in 1888. Uniek in sy geskiedenis is die feit dat elke eienaar 'n hardeware -onderneming in die gebou bedryf het. Die eerste eienaar was Simonsen en Schmidt. Hulle is agtereenvolgens gevolg deur Christ Steinert, J.H. Siert, August Witte en Stoltenberg en Ohrt, wat sedert 1916 geleë is.

Die volgende winkel is gebou deur Peter Mangold op die huidige perseel van die Bank van Bennington. Dit is bestuur deur Peter Mangold tot 1890 toe dit deur G.G. Mangold.

Onder die eerste geboue was ook die slypmeule wat jare lank deur Claus Oft gebou en besit is. Dit was aan die oewer van die Papio Creek geleë, waar 'n kwasdam genoeg water in beslag geneem het om die wiel van die turbine in die meule te draai. Hier het die boere baie kilometers ver hul graan vir Charles Schleip, die meulenaar, gebring om maal en meel te maal.

Omdat hoogwater tydens die lentereëns die kwasdam uitgespoel het, was 'n geraamde dam maar baie meer suksesvol.

'N Honderd jaar gelede is Charles Schleip dood en die meul het stilgebly. Later verkoop sy dogter Minne dit aan Adolf Mueller, wat die struktuur laat afbreek het.

Gedurende die winter is ys uit die meuldam gesny deur die salonhouers en slagters om in die somer te stoor. Rivaliteit was so tussen twee bucheers dat dit 'n duik in die dam geneem het om dit af te koel voor verbod en te herroep toe die land regtig nat was.

Ander geboue volg nou opeenvolgend na die voltooiing van die genoemde en binnekort was 'n bank, algemene handelswinkels, 'n kapperswinkel, salonne, hysbakke en 'n houtwerf gereed vir besigheid.

Plase in die omliggende gemeenskap word al 'n geruime tyd verbou en baie huise in die klein dorpie is gou gestig.

'N Poskantoor is in 1887 gestig met Peter Mangold as die eerste posmeester. Sedertdien beklee Herman Timme, H. M. Fredrichsen, D. H. Kirachner en Fred Hagedorn en Walter Mangold (wat die huidige posmeester is) die amp. 'N Landelike roete is in 1901 gestig met Morgan Andersson as die eerste vervoerder.

Dr Hickey het in 1905 in Bennington begin doktoreer. Die Bunz Implement Shop is in 1899 begin, terwyl Henry Shroeder al 40 jaar hier was.

In die geheue van baie mense was die moeilike taak om 'n groot smidswinkel en huis uit Washington te verhuis. Die huis is in dele geskei, na Bennington verskuif en presies soos in Washington herbou. Alhoewel almal gehelp het-boere, draymen en stedelinge-het dit byna twee weke geneem om die taak mee te ding. Vandag woon die weduwee van Gustof Paulsen en 'n seun nog steeds in die huis.

Opvoedkundige behoeftes is nie gedurende hierdie vroeë dae verwaarloos nie en die kinders van Bennington het 'n paar jaar na die skool in distrik #34 gegaan. Daar het hulle hul A B C's en fyn punte geleer oor die uitrook van eekhorings. Nadat hulle per ongeluk 'n klein prairievuur begin het wat meer as 40 hektaar hooiland verbrand het, het die seuns besluit om die eekhorings alleen te laat en te konsentreer op lees en skryf. Seuns was toe hul tyd ver vooruit. Dit sou vandag deel uitmaak van hul veldwerk in Wetenskap. In 1890 het Peter Mangold 'n skooldistrik vir die stad aangelê en 'n skoolgebou met plek vir agt grade is gebou. Eldredge Messenge, wat onderwyser was met 'n maandelikse salaris van $ 75. Destyds was daar vier winkels in die stad en die jaarlikse belastinggeld van $ 500 wat elk betaal is, is gebruik om die skool te finansier. In 1910 is 'n tweede gebou opgerig en nog twee grade bygevoeg. Eers in 1924 is die elfde en twaalfde grade bygevoeg.

Twee hysbakke is 'n aantal jare gebou en bedryf. Hulle het jaarliks ​​van 80 000 tot 100 000 skepels graan hanteer. Die een wat in 1899 deur Peter Diedrichsen gebou is, is deur stoomkrag bestuur. Later het dit tot op die grond afgebrand.

Die ander hysbak, wat deur Peter Mangold gebou is en nou in besit is van die Farmer 'Union, is deur perdekrag bestuur. 'N Groot swart perd is gehou om die tandwiel in die gebou te draai wat die Unie nou gebruik het om voer op te berg.

Een van die vroegste sakeondernemings was 'n koöperatiewe onderneming met 'n roomysbedryf. Boere oor die gemeenskap het geld geskenk waarmee hulle twee of drie erwe in die oostelike deel van die stad gekoop het. Hier het 'n heer Coriss van die Waterloo Creamery Company 'n gebou opgerig en 'n roomafskeider geïnstalleer wat deur stoomkrag aangedryf is. Die room is na Omaha geneem en verkoop en die boere het afgeroomde melk huis toe geneem. Toe Layman later die roomysbedryf bestuur, het hy pasteuriseringstoerusting geïnstalleer en die volmelk aan die Omaha -markte verkoop.

Teen 1892 het die stad baie begin roer. Uit vrees dat daar 'n te klein bevolking sou wees om die planne uit te voer, het die Vrederegter, Herman Timme, die sensus geneem terwyl 'n groep spoorwegwerkers in die stad was en die nodige honderd vir inlywing getel. Die papiere is daarna opgestel, en Bennington het 'n volwaardige dorp geword. Die eerste vergadering is op 15 April 1892 by die skoolhuis gehou toe H. Simonsen tot president van die raad verkies is, H. Fredrichsen-tesourier, Hans Scheider-Marshall en P.A. Anderson-klerk. Die huidige kuratorium is Tim Ohrt-voorsitter, H.H. Newmeyer, H.D. Schroeder, Fred D. Peterson, Gus Grebe en O.W. Glandt-Village Clerk.

Die eerste koerant was die Bennington Bugle, die eerste eksemplaar wat op 29 Maart 1892 verskyn het.

'N Aantal fabrieke floreer op 'n stadium in die stad en sluit 'n hoendernesfabriek in wat deur C.W. Glandt bestuur word. Verskeie motorvragte neste is verskeep. Hierdie neste was nie net gerieflik vir die henne nie, maar ook vir die seuns wat in die boorde moes rondbeweeg en meer tyd vir hulself moes soek.

'N Sigaarfabriek waar handgemaakte sigare uit kentucky-tabak gerol is, is bestuur deur George Scheef, wat die handel in Duitsland gelei het. Hy was ook die Town Marshall en het sy werk baie ernstig opgeneem. Drie jaar gelede, by sy dood, is hy begrawe in 'n blou uniform wat afgewerk is met koperknope wat hy al so lank gedra het.

Houtskoene is ook hier vervaardig. Meneer Andresen het dik hout sole gemaak wat deur 'n band oor die wang vasgehou is. 'N Deen maak 'n gewone skoen wat uitgehol is en oor die voet pas. Alhoewel die skoene taamlik lomp en raserig was, was dit warm en daar was baie jare 'n goeie aanvraag daarvoor.

Baie mense onthou toe die Papio Creek oorstroom en 'n groep soldate van Fort Crook op die vlug geslaan het. Die soldate het uitgekom om deel te neem aan 'n D.A.R. reünie en was opgeslaan op die lae grond, nou ingesluit in die Bennington Park. Almal het lekker gekuier en daar is nie baie aandag geskenk aan 'n swart slagoffer wat skielik 'n reënbui losgemaak het nie. Voordat die soldate die kans gekry het om die kamp te breek, was daar water wat hul tente, ammunisie en ander toerusting wegwas. 'N Paar jaar later het seuns in die stad bokse vertoon met 1000 leë patrone wat hulle opgetel het nadat die vloedwater teruggesak het. Hoe anders as vandag se handgemerkte bofballe of foto's van gunsteling filmsterre.

Op 22 Julie 1891 is die eerste tolstasie vir lang afstande gestig wat die mense hul eerste telefoondiens gegee het.

In 1902 is die Bell -telefoonlyn in Bennington ingebou deur 'n gewilde intekening. Daar was slegs ongeveer 'n halfdosyn sakefone en geen landelike lyne nie. Sakemanne het van $ 75 tot $ 100 vooruit betaal vir tolgeld. Mnr. Kirschner was die eerste telefoonoperateur. Hy het ook destyds die algemene handelswinkel en die poskantoor bestuur. Dit was glad nie 'n truuk vir hom om 'n posseël te verkoop, 'n paar skoene te verkoop, 'n kant spek toe te draai en 'n paar verkeerde nommers te prop nie!

Elektrisiteit is ook baie interessant. 7 Desember 1914 begin John Peterson stroom vir straatligte voorsien teen $ 2,00 per gloeilamp van 100 watt, mits ten minste drie gebruik word. 5 Desember 1915 was hy 'n franchise om die publiek te bedien. Op 3 Julie 1917 is die franchise aan die Platte Valley Power Company gegee om die stad te bedien. In 1927 het die Nebraska Power Company die franchise oorgeneem na elektriese ligte en krag en is sedertdien werksaam.


FALL SEMESTER, 1982

BRIXTON SMITH START, KLAS VAN & rsquo85, DROPOUT MUSICIAN: Bennington het soos iets uit 'n kind se sprokie gelyk. Dit was so geïsoleerd en so mooi, en dit was groen en omring deur berge. In die middel van die kampus was 'n gebou en 'n mdashtall, wit, baie groot, met kolomme en 'n klok en mdashcalled Commons. As jy voor Commons gestaan ​​het, sien jy, as jy na die een kant kyk, 'n ou begraafplaas en na die ander kant, 'n weiland. En dan, as u reguit vorentoe kyk, 'n lang, welige, golwende grasperk omring deur pragtige huise uit New England-y, wat hierdie visuele gang skep, sodat u oog na die einde daarvan getrek word, waar die aarde skielik wegval, net & mdashpoef& mdashvanished. Natuurlik nie regtig nie, maar dit het gelyk asof dit die geval was. Ons het dit genoem & ldquothe End of the World. & Rdquo Miste sou snags daar inrol, hierdie wervelende newels so dik dat jy nie jou hand kon sien as jy dit teen jou gesig hou nie. Die gerug was dat die kampus die tuiste was van 'n ou inheemse Amerikaanse begraafplaas. Dit was vermoedelik een van die min plekke op aarde waar al vier winde tegelyk ontmoet het. En daar was iets heiligs daaroor, iets agtervolg. Toe ek in Bennington was, het ek gevoel dat ek in 'n soort was, ek weet nie watse tydsverloop of 'n ander dimensie of iets nie. Dit was asof ons almal gesamentlik op die bron tik. Die energie was soos niks wat ek en ek op enige ander plek ervaar het nie. Dit was asemrowend.

& ldquoBret was 'n ster voordat iemand eers van sy skryfwerk geweet het. . . . Die mense om hom sou ook almal Wayfarers dra. & Rdquo & mdashPaula Powers

BRET EASTON ELLIS, KLAS VAN & rsquo86 SKRYWER: Die skok om in die herfs van 1982 op die kampus te kom, was enorm. Toe ek in L. & thinspA grootgeword het, het ek die begeerte gehad om uit te kom, ooswaarts te gaan en dan uiteindelik daar te wees. My sterkste herinneringe is van my eerste twee of drie dae. New England was so anders as in die suide van Kalifornië en die fisiekheid daarvan, die sentiment. Dit was 'n reuse -verskuiwing vir my, en dit was oorweldigend. En God, Bennington was klein. Daar was 160 in my eerstejaars klas, miskien, as dit was.

IAN GITTLER, KLAS VAN & rsquo84 MUSIKAAN/FILMMAKER: Bret het 'n swaar geskande jong man na Bennington gekom. Hy het baie talent gehad. Hy het baie probleme gehad. Hy het ook 'n tas vol dwelms gehad.

PAULA POWERS, KLAS VAN & rsquo86 SKRYWER/REDAKTEUR: Bret was 'n ster op skool voordat iemand eers van sy skryfwerk geweet het. Ek was verlief op hom. Baie vroue het dit gedoen. Die eetsaal was hierdie groot sosiale ding, veral naweekbrunches. Daar is die Vrydagaand partytjie, en dan Saterdag oggend sit ons almal om te sien wie by wie opgedaag het. Bret het 'n tafel gehad, en die mense rondom hom sou almal ook Wayfarers dra en luister hoe hy kommentaar lewer. Dit heet & ldquoThe Bret Ellis Show. & Rdquo Like, & ldquo Gaan jy daar sit met & lsquoThe Bret Ellis Show, & rsquo of gaan jy hier sit? & Rdquo

DONNA TARTT, KLAS VAN & rsquo86 SKRYWER BETROKKE IN DIE BENNINGTON -STEM, 28 OKTOBER 1992: Vertel my iets; ek het gehoor dat Bennington nou SAT -tellings vereis, is dit waar? Ek dink ek het ingekom op 'n kortverhaal wat ek ingestuur het. Niemand wat ek ken sou daar gewees het as hulle SAT -tellings vereis het nie. Dit was 'n deel van die rede waarom ek na Bennington gegaan het.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: Ons sal almal 'n grap maak oor die aansoekproses. Ek het ingekom as gevolg van my tekeninge, as gevolg van die foto's wat ek geteken het.

JONATHAN LETHEM, KLAS VAN & rsquo86, DROPOUT SKRYWER: Kollege was vir my 'n onwaarskynlike keuse. Ek het na die openbare skool in Brooklyn gegaan en daarna na die High School of Music & Art in Manhattan, waar ek opgehou het om wiskundeklasse te volg. Ek het my hele senior jaar in die beeldhouwerkswinkel marmer gesny. My anti-institusionele vooroordeel was so sterk dat ek nie by die skool was toe ek 'n universiteitsbeurs gehad het nie. Dit was my vriendin wat vir my 'n Bennington -aansoek gebring het. Ek het verlief geraak op die idee van Bennington vanweë die manier waarop dit homself gefaktureer het. Dit was die anti-college college & mdashno grade, en hulle gee jou erkenning sonder 'n hoërskool diploma. In wese was dit selfkeuse. Bennington was vir my amper 'n perverse ambisie. Ek het daarvan gehou dat dit baie duur was. Op een of ander skuins manier het ek wraak geneem op my pa. Soos, & ldquoOkay, u het die onderrig tot op hierdie punt in die sak gesteek, maar ek sal u nou hard slaan. En Bennington het deurgekom. Hulle het my 'n goeie beurs gegee.

BRIXTON SMITH START: Die regte erfgename, die Barbara Huttons van my generasie, was daar en mdashCampbell & rsquos sop en 'n DuPont en Ariadne Getty. Kinders wat letterlik van die pelgrims was, wie se gesinne op die Mayflower.

TODD ​​O & rsquoNEAL, KLAS VAN & rsquo83, HET NIE GRAAD KLASSIEKER/DIGTER VOLTOOI NIE: Ek ken 'n meisie daar wie se pa Picassos versamel het. Hy het haar toegestaan ​​om Picasso & rsquos etse te versamel. Dit was haar stokperdjie.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: U is geskok dat hierdie ou wat op die Neanderdal lyk, wat deur 'n vaatjie gebad het, eintlik eendag die fortuin van Benson & Hedges sou erf. Bennington het die hoogste onderrig in die land gehad. Ook een van die hoogste uitputtingsyfers. Ja, baie mense het dit nie reggekry nie.

MAURA SPIEGEL, TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDEFAKULTEIT, 1984 & ndash92: 'n Kollega van my, Richard Tristman, het altyd gesê Bennington is soos 'n organisme wat vreemde liggame aanvaar of verwerp het. Jy het vasgesteek, of jy het net nie gereageer nie.

JONATHAN LETHEM: My kamermaat was Mark Norris. Mark was afkomstig uit die wonderlike wêreld van Santa Monica en Crossroads [progressiewe privaatskool]. Die eerste aand was daar 'n menger. Ons was soos, & ldquo Goed, ons het nou universiteitsseuns gekyk. Laat ons 'n paar universiteitsmeisies ontmoet. & Rdquo Ons stap na Commons en loop dadelik vir Lisa Feder en Brixton raak. Hulle was in 'n band en het 'n minirok onder geruite hemde gedra, hare gehad en was ongelooflik koel en punkig en opwindend. Ek en Mark was soos jy & ldquoYou & rsquore wonderlik was. Ons soek honde. Ons en u volg u oral. & Rdquo

LISA FEDER, KLAS VAN & rsquo86 ARTIST/MUSICIAN: Mark was David Bowie & ndashish. Hy was stil, 'n bietjie mooi seun, 'n bietjie dandy, groot hare. Brixton het hard agter hom aangeloop. Sodra sy hom sien, was sy soos, & ldquoNew freshman. & Rdquo Hy was tegelykertyd besig met Brix en Donna.

JONATHAN LETHEM, UIT DIE OPSTEL & ldquoZELIG VAN KENNISGEWING & rdquo: Donna was een van die eerste vriende wat ek op die universiteit gemaak het. Vermont op 'n stoomskip. Ek en sy het oor 'n tydelike gaping gepraat, geen van haar kulturele verwysings is nuwer as J. & thinspM nie. Barrie, niemand van my ouer as Foghorn Leghorn nie (die enigste suidelike aksent wat ek geken het). Ek oordryf. Donna was 'n oordragstudent [van die Universiteit van Mississippi], het die mentorskap van [skrywers] Willie Morris en Barry Hannah geniet.

MARK NORRIS, KLAS VAN & rsquo86, DROPOUT FOTO: Ek kan T. & thinspS aanhaal. Eliot en so ook Donna. Ek dink dit is die rede waarom ons begin het. Ons was 'n baie kort ding. Dit was klaar met die eerste skoolmaand. Ek sou ons nie eens kêrel en vriendin noem nie, want ons het nie saam geslaap nie. Ons het in die bed rondgekuier. Dit was net en mdashit was 'n bietjie vreemd.

PAULA KRAGTE: Ek het Donna die eerste week deur Jonathan ontmoet. Sy het hierdie verhaal vertel oor die noodsaaklikheid om na die huishoudkundeklas by Ole Mej. Toe dit by Donna kom, sê sy: 'Wel, ek wil nie regtig 'n baba hê nie.' En daar was hierdie lang stilte, en die onderwyser kyk na haar en sê: 'Donna, elke vrou wil 'n baba hê. & Rdquo Donna & rsquos se hare was toe langer as later, tot onder in haar nek. En ek het nog nooit so groen oë gesien soos haarne nie. Op 'n eerstejaar, nooi sy my uit na 'n martini-uur in haar slaapsaal, en sy het 'n swart broekrokpak en hoëhakskoene aangehad en rook uit 'n lang, skraal sigarethouer en baie vroulik, baie elegant. Sy was geheimsinnig.

MATT JACOBSEN, KLAS VAN & rsquo83: Weet jy & ldquoThe Diamond as Big as the Ritz & rdquo ['n weelderige en sinistere fabel deur F. Scott Fitzgerald oor 'n Mississippi -seuntjie met 'n beskeie agtergrond wat na die koshuis na die ooste gestuur word en met die seun van 'n wonderbaarlike en mdashand bevreesde en bevreesde man 'n vriend word? Donna was soos die hoofkarakter in die verhaal, baie bewus daarvan dat sy uit die suide was. Sy noem 'n stad in Mississippi, asof ons almal weet waar dit is, en ek kom uit East Bumfuck, en dit is net buite What & rsquos-Your-Face en rdquo & mdash en ons wil almal knik, net om beleefd te wees, om nie 'n dieper gesprek te voer nie. Sê, & ldquoO, sê jy nie? Sekerlik is daar warm. & Rdquo

"Ons was 'n koue groep. Daar was baie verwysings na Get the Guests from Wie is bang vir Virginia Woolf? Ons sal agter mense aan gaan. "& MdashAmy Herskovitz

JONATHAN LETHEM: Voordat sy dood is, het my ma vir my 'n tikmasjien gegee. Ek het 'n roman daaroor geskryf toe ek vyftien was. Dit was nie goed nie, maar net om aan die einde te kom, was opwindend. Van toe af het ek geweet ek is 'n skrywer. My pa en 'n skilder, maar ek en ek het al my klappe op die kop gekry omdat ek 'n klein wonderkind was. Toe ek by Bennington kom, was alles so intimiderend dat ek nie hierdie wapenrusting wou afgee nie. Maar ek het daarin geslaag om in die poësieklas van Stephen Sandy en rsquos in te gaan. Donna was ook daar. Ons het notas geslaag.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: Die enigste klas wat ek wou volg, was die nie -fiksie -werkswinkel wat deur Joe McGinniss aangebied is, maar dit was nie oop vir eerstejaars nie. Ek het vir hom al die stukke gegee wat ek op hoërskool en mdash -joernalistiek geskryf het, of, ek dink, persoonlike opstelle. Die een was oor my vriendin wat ons verhouding begin het en wie se pa gay was. 'N Ander een handel oor die ou wat ek in die geheim gesien het wie aggressief reguit was en wie se pa godsdiens was. Hulle is in die styl van Joan Didion geskryf, dubbelsinnig, niks is ooit verduidelik nie. Nie soos, My gevoelens vir Matt was ingewikkeld. Soos, Matt nooi my uit. Sy ouers is nie tuis nie. Hy wil maer gaan dompel. Die jacuzzi is aangeskakel. Ons maak 'n bottel oop. Ek het die volgende dag 'n briefie van Joe gekry en gesê: & ldquoLet & rsquos ontmoet. & Rdquo Ek was nie net in die klas nie en mdashhe stuur my stukke na sy agent en sy redakteur. Ek was verheug, maar ek was ook geskok.

NANCY DOHERTY, WIDOW OF JOE MCGINNISS: Ek onthou hoe Joe Bret & rsquos se werk gelees het en soos 'n hel, dit is ongelooflik. & Rdquo

BRET EASTON ELLIS: In Oktober het ek 'n stuk ingedien met die naam & ldquoWalking Across the Lawn. & Rdquo Dit begin by Bennington, en ek skryf presies wat ek sien gebeur en die seks wat mense gebruik, die dwelms wat mense gebruik. Dan, in 'n kursiewe gedeelte, ontmoet ek my ouers by die kroeg van die Carlyle Hotel. My pa het pas die Amerikaanse staalgebou verkoop, waarvoor sy kommissie ongeveer veertig miljoen dollar was. Hy floreer in die tagtigerjare van Reagan, en skielik spandeer hy so weelderig. En hy en ma probeer weer bymekaar kom, en dit werk nie. Ek skryf, Ek drink drie vodka-pomelosap terwyl my pa en rquos iets in die voorportaal kyk, bla, bla. Dan is dit terug by Bennington. Daar was 'n partytjie waar hierdie man met MDMA 'n slag geslaan het en 'n meisie, Brixton, so erg in die nek gebyt het dat sy na die siekeboeg moes gaan. Ek het name genoem, en die stuk het 'n kak storm veroorsaak. Mense het kopieë daarvan gemaak en daaroor gepraat. Ek was gehaat, ek was eerbiedig.

AMY HERSKOVITZ, KLAS VAN & rsquo85 KLINIESE SOSIALE WERKER/PHILANTHROPIST: Bret en ek het mekaar ontmoet in die werkswinkel van Joe McGinniss en rsquos. My ma was sleg, sy pa was sleg en ons kinderjare was so toegewikkel in geld en trauma dat ons outomaties gebind het. Bret was toe ongelooflik skaam, amper sosiaal fobies. Ek weet nie hoekom nie. Wel, hy was nog nie uit nie, waarskynlik wou hy nog nie uit wees nie. Hy was ook 'n miljoen kilometer van die huis af en sy gesin was besig om uitmekaar te val. Hy het my venster met die nuwe Stevie Nicks -albums gekrap.

SARI RUBINSTEIN, KLAS VAN & rsquo85 SANGER/ART-PARTY INSTIGATOR: Daar was 'n man met die naam Larry David. Nie die Larry David- en die ander Larry David nie. En hy was nogal oulik en soet en hy doen die ding waar hy sy hare gooi. Hy en Bret was regtig goeie vriende, soos BFF's.

AMY HERSKOVITZ: Agterna was ons 'n koue groep mense, maar in my kop was ons net bang. Daar was baie verwysings na Get the Guests from Wie is bang vir Virginia Woolf? Ons volg mense.

PAULA KRAGTE: Elke keer as jy vir Bret gevra het hoe dit met hom gaan, sê hy: & ldquoTense. & Rdquo Hy was so lief en kwesbaar. Hy het hierdie verskriklike paniekaanvalle. Een aand bel hy sy ma en sê: 'Ek kan dit nie meer doen nie. Ek het jou nodig. & Rdquo Sy kry die rooi oë en was binne tien uur by Bennington.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: As ek terugkyk, besef ek dat ek gewild was. Op agttien het ek 'n aantreklike voorkoms gehad, en ek was 'n bietjie versorg, en ek was 'n bietjie sexy, en ek was oorstroom met datumversoeke en mense wat my foto wou neem. Maar binne was ek 'n wrak. En ek was vervreem omdat ek 'n skrywer was, omdat ek gay was. En dan was daar my kristal-meth verslawing. In retrospek lyk dit soos: Hoekom was jy so depressief? Dit was ongelooflik! Tog gooi mense hulself op my neer. Ek het vriendinne gehad, ek het kêrels gehad. Ek het regtig reggekom.

JONATHAN LETHEM: Die kamermaat van Bret & rsquos, Miles, was die seun van 'n beroemde galeris, Richard Bellamy, en het grootgeword in die teenkultuur van die kunswereld in New York. Ek het my met Miles geïdentifiseer, maar ek was meer aangetrokke tot Bret. Hulle het nie reggekom nie. Die kamer is in twee gedeel deur 'n reeks gebreekte bottels. Dit was soos 'n Berlynse muur van gebreekte glas.

"Destyds, God help ons, dit was 'n kenteken van oneer om nie by u professor te geslaap het nie." & MdashNicholas Delbanco

AMY HERSKOVITZ: Twee mense wat minder geneig is om saam te woon, kan u dink. Buite hul kamer was 'n klein gangetjie, en een van hulle het altyd daar geslaap, soms Miles met takke. God, Miles was so 'n hippie. Daar was iets oorweldigend aan die Bret & rsquos -ruimte. Hy sou koerantberigte oor vliegtuigongelukke uitknip. Hulle het sy muur saam met papier afgetap Onderhoud tydskrifvoorblaaie. Onderhoud was groot vir ons. Dit was ons styl, waarna ons gestreef het.

MILES BELLAMY, KLAS VAN 1986, HET NIE GRAAD SKRYWER/BOEKVERKOPER VOLTOOI NIE: 'n Maand of twee het verbygegaan, en ek en Bret het besef dat dit die beste sou wees as hy nie aan my kant was nie, en ek het nie syne aangegaan nie. Soms sou iemand bloed op die glas stort, maar nie gereeld nie.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: Ek dink baie hieroor as gevolg van #MeToo. Ek het gekuier met 'n man met die naam Ciaran en 'n oulike man, en ek het hom nie so goed geken nie en 'n Fling into Spring-partytjie gehad. Baie van die partytjies was gemeng met onderwysers en studente, want onderwysers was fokken studente, studente was fokken onderwysers. 'N Vriend van my het 'n jaar lange verhouding gehad met sy Franse onderwyser. Stephen Sandy het na my en Ciaran gekom en gesê sy vrou is weg en dat ons na sy plek moet gaan en 'n drietal moet hê. Ek en Ciaran het gelag, en Ciaran het net gesê: 'Laat ons hier wegkom. Daar's 'n ander party daar. & Rdquo Ek het gesê, & ldquo Ja, miskien kan ons 'n paar dwelms kry. Laat & rsquos dit doen. & Rdquo

NICHOLAS DELBANCO, TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDE -FAKULTEIT, 1966 & ndash85: Destyds, God help ons, dit was 'n teken van oneer om nie by u professor te slaap nie.

JONATHAN LETHEM: Toe ek by Bennington kom, het ek 'n sterre-gevoel gehad. Mense ontwikkel op sulke eksentrieke maniere, en soveel professore bemoedig dat hierdie soort opsetlike selfvorming so sterk is. Dit het amper soos 'n afrondingsskool gevoel vir mense wat 'n identiteit wou bewerkstellig, sodat hulle na die gradeplegtigheid na New York kon verhuis en die wêreld op een of ander artistieke plek kon doodmaak. Brixton was 'n perfekte voorbeeld hiervan. Sy het Laura Salenger by die skool gekom en haarself herdoop na 'n Clash -liedjie [& ldquoThe Guns of Brixton & rdquo]. Net sy het nie gewag om af te studeer voordat sy bekend geword het nie.

MAURA SPIEGEL: Die studente in Bennington word nie deur grade gedryf nie, maar daar was 'n vreemde strengheid. U het die gevoel dat die lewe performancekuns is, dat almal in sy of haar fantasie leef. Ek probeer taal vind om die elektrisiteit wat daar was, die dekadensie, die gevoel van misterie en betowering in hierdie belaglike pastorale omgewing te beskryf. Studente was op hierdie manier volop, wat vir sulke jong kinders baie verbasend was.

JONATHAN LETHEM: Daar was die gevoel dat mense aantrek, terwyl hulle dit vervals totdat dit werklik geword het. Ek het gesien hoe die klassieke kliek Commons oorsteek, soos in Oxford, en ek het gedink: O, dit is 'n kwessie waarmee u uself besig hou.

MATT JACOBSEN:As stadsmense na die bos van Vermont oorgeplant word, word hulle hartseer. Slegs dan lyk dit asof drie ouens in hul vaders en rommelrokke sportjasse Oxoniërs is. In die herfs van 1982 bestaan ​​die Griekse klas uit my, Paul McGloin, en Todd O & rsquoNeal.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: Ek en Donna is op 'n blind date opgestel deur ons kamermaats, wat ons gehaat het en gedink het ons is styf genoeg om met mekaar te kuier. So ons het iets om oor te praat, ek het 'n paar verhale in haar posbus gesit wat ek geskryf het Minder as nul sou gebaseer wees op. En sy het 'n storie in myne ingesit wat nie was nie Die geheime geskiedenis maar dit was iets in die trant. Daar was geen moord nie, maar dit was die wêreld van Die geheime geskiedenis, daardie milieu, die karakters en mdashClaude Fredericks en sy klassieke studente.

NICHOLAS DELBANCO: 'N Vreemde kêrel, Claude Fredericks. Hy het Harvard verlaat omdat hy geweier het om die swemtoets af te lê of so iets, maar hy was 'n opregte geleerde persoon, 'n outodidakt. Ken Latyn, Grieks, Japannees. Puntig in sy selfvoorstelling. En hy het 'n avant-garde drukpers, destyds nogal bekend, genaamd Banyan Press. Dit het mense soos Gertrude Stein en die digter Jimmy Merrill gepubliseer, wat al vroeg Claude -liefhebbers was.

MAURA SPIEGEL: Claude was my raadgewer toe ek 'n student in Bennington was. Ek het 'n afspraak met hom gehad, en ek wag buite sy kantoor. Die deur gaan oop en daar stap hierdie pragtige jong man met krullerige blonde hare. En die eerste ding wat ek Claude hoor sê het, was & ldquoNot, do enigste wat nodig is. Enigste doen wat nodig is. & rdquo En ek het net gedink, Wat gaan aan? As my adviseur moes hy hierdie klein kommentaar aan my skryf, en hy het gesê ek is 'n baie intelligente meisie. Ek onthou dat die woord intelligent op een of ander manier het hierdie negatiewe kwaliteit daarvan gekom.

MILES BELLAMY: Het iemand die kantoor van Claude & rsquos beskryf? Geen? Ag my God. In die eerste plek was dit moeilik om te vind. Dit was in Commons, bo -aan hierdie soort geheime trap wat buite die gebou was en net na sy kantoor gelei het. U klim dus op hierdie hoë trap, en loop in, en daar is hierdie pragtige blomme, Japannese blomme en ek weet nie hoe en waar hy dit gekry het nie, en alles was fyn, mooi. U sit oorkant hom, en hy bedien u tee, en u het regtig gevoel dat u in die innerlike heiligdom is.

MAURA SPIEGEL: U het na die Claude & rsquos -kantoor gegaan vir middagete, en hierdie ongelooflike kos kom uit, en u het nie geweet hoe hy dit voorberei het nie. U het dit nie gesien nie, u het dit nie geruik nie, en dan was dit 'n perfekte sop, 'n perfekte quiche. Hy was 'n bietjie magies.

TODD ​​O & rsquoNEAL: Claude het poësie, toneelstukke geskryf, maar sy groot letterkunde was die tydskrifte. Bob Giroux by Farrar, het Straus gesê & mdashand dit was in die vroeë sestigerjare & mdash & ldquo Bring net vir my joernale. I & rsquoll publiseer dit. & Rdquo Toe kry Claude koue voete omdat hy openhartig oor almal gepraat het. Jare later het hy teruggegaan en gesê: & ldquo Oké, nou wil ek dit graag publiseer, & rdquo en Bob sê: & ldquoDie oomblik & rsquos het verbygegaan. Now who knows who Carl Van Vechten is?&rdquo These journals were gloriously written and the next step beyond Proust.

AVIVA BOWER, CLASS OF &rsquo87 FACULTY DEVELOPER: It&rsquos a kind of crazy thing. Here&rsquos this single, basically closeted gay man who wrote poetry yet hadn&rsquot been recognized the way his [Bennington] colleagues like Bernard Malamud and Stephen Sandy had, and he&rsquos secretive, and he feels things deeply. He created and occupied this very romantic world. And I think he wanted to find students who could live in that world with him.

TODD O&rsquoNEAL: When I went to interview with Claude, his first question was &ldquoHave you ever had a job?&rdquo I said, &ldquoNo.&rdquo And he said, &ldquoGood.&rdquo And then he said, &ldquoHave you ever been to a football game?&rdquo And I said, &ldquoNo.&rdquo And he said, &ldquoGood.&rdquo

MAURA SPIEGEL: Claude was closer with his students than his colleagues. Claude certainly had a male following. My understanding was that his classes were about being homosexual, and how to do it with grandeur and history and beauty.

THE BENNINGTON COURSE CATALOG 1982-84:

Instructor: Claude Fredericks

Description: Studies in some of the classical texts of homosexual love&hellip Only incidental consideration will be given to merely neurotic or glandular manifestations, but the relationship of friendship to love and of agape aan eros will be one of the underlying concerns. Since it will be one of the several presumptions of the course that love between men is a unique experience and not merely a question of pronouns, some attention will be given to how the fear of societal disapproval has produced a number of mangled and incoherent masterpieces.

PAULA POWERS: All I knew about Claude Fredericks was that he was having an affair with his student, this good-looking older guy, very serious, very passionate about classics.

TODD O&rsquoNEAL: Donna was not part of our Greek tutorials. The courses she took with Claude anyone who signed up could take. Claude adored certain women, but he was also homosexual and had a very, let&rsquos say, classical aesthetic or hierarchy, which prizes maleness and male beauty. So Donna only knew him in a limited way. She did, how-ever, know Paul McGloin, because they were lovers. Now, Paul was a bit eccentric, not a bad thing at Bennington&mdasha virtue, in fact. He wasn&rsquot precisely a scholar, but he was drawn to a scholarly way of life. And Claude, I think, embodied for him an image of what college should be&mdashBalliol or All Souls in 1843. Paul often used Victorianisms when he spoke or wrote. I remember when he first mentioned Donna. He said, &ldquoWho was that charming southern girl in the Homer class?&rdquo And Claude said, &ldquoYou mean Donna Tartt? She&rsquos the only tart I have with three t&rsquos.&rdquo

PAULA POWERS: Speculating on Donna and Paul&rsquos relationship was a Bennington pastime for years. Every Bennington person knows every intimate detail about every other Bennington person, so to be a sexual enigma was an accomplishment unique to her. As Ian Gittler said, &ldquoIf flaunting your sexuality is cheap, this school is in a constant closing sale.&rdquo

MATT JACOBSEN: Donna started wearing those mannish-cut blazers. She looked like a Mini-Me when she was hanging out with us.

TODD O&rsquoNEAL: Paul and Donna weren&rsquot boyfriend and girlfriend. They were boyfriend and boy. She had a uniform. Black loafers, khaki pants&mdashboys&rsquo pants, not girls&rsquo&mdashJ. Press&ndashtype button-down, necktie, blue blazer with brass buttons, and hair in this funky little asexual bob. She looked like she came straight out of an English university. She and Paul were like Oxonian homosexuals or something. I once asked him, &ldquoWhat kind of relationship do you have?&rdquo And he said, &ldquoWell, that&rsquos very funny, because she wants me to call her &lsquomy lad.&rsquo&thinsp&rdquo

DONNA TARTT, LETTER TO JONATHAN LETHEM, DATED JANUARY 24, 1983 (DURING WINTER BREAK): I am now in Washington with The Man [Paul McGloin]. We have a nice little apartment in an old townhouse near Capitol Hill and all is well.&thinsp.&thinsp.&thinsp.&thinspThe raciest thing that&rsquos happened to us was when we overheard a museum guard in the National Gallery mutter, &ldquoMore faggots&rdquo as we walked into the room. (I was wearing a baggy sweater and trousers, no makeup, and my customary shapeless gray tweed coat. Perhaps I did look like a boy.&thinsp.&thinsp.&thinsp.) It pleased Paul no end.

MATT JACOBSEN: What was strange about Donna was that she was a Miss Buttinsky with our group. We all had girlfriends, and the girlfriends were like, &ldquoWell, that&rsquos his world, and I&rsquom not going to be part of that.&rdquo Normal in most relationships. But she made it clear she wanted in.

TODD O&rsquoNEAL: Matt didn&rsquot like Donna. I liked her to the degree that I knew her, but I found her evasive, a bit impenetrable. And, of course, Matt and Paul and I were all seniors. The truth is, I didn&rsquot think too deeply about her until her book came out years later.

JONATHAN LETHEM: My disenchantment with Bennington was fast. All my life, I&rsquod existed in a sort of bohemian bubble. I had the insane idea that I was privileged because I was a New Yorker and went to repertory cinema. That my parents were lower-middle class never registered. And then, all of a sudden, I was at school with the shah of Iran&rsquos daughter. So for me, Bennington, where I needed a work-study job to survive, was this violent confrontation with the realities of money and class. Yet at the same time, Bennington was a playground I was allowed to play in. The experience was bewildering. And I responded to the potential humiliations of not belonging by playing at belonging totally. I ran for student council as a freshman and got on, though I was soon voted off for shirking my duties. I also ran the film society, which I gave all the attention I should have been giving my studies. Tishman Hall became my little fiefdom.

MILES BELLAMY: Jonathan showed great movies. He even brought in Pull My Daisy [1959 short film scripted by Jack Kerouac and featuring writers and artists of the Beat period]. My father was in that one, played The Bishop.

BRET EASTON ELLIS: I got to know Jonathan because my friend Larry David had a crush on him. The first time we met, we were talking about Robert Altman movies. I&rsquoll never forget the look on his face when I discussed the merits of Health, A Perfect Couple, Quintet, whatever, because he&rsquod been so breezily confident of his Robert Altman knowledge and I knew so much more.

JONATHAN LETHEM: It was like an adult talking to a child. I was like, &ldquoOh, Robert Altman&rsquos cool.&rdquo What I meant was that I&rsquod seen Nashville. Bret had opinions on Altman&rsquos whole oeuvre&mdashthe overrated ones, underrated ones. He gave me a good pocket guide to seventies Altman, and it was just off the top of his head.


Learn Bennington: Local History & Education

Geographically and historically, Bennington is truly a “special place where Vermont begins.” Bennington is surrounded by the lush forested beauty of the Green Mountain and Taconic Mountain ranges, and borders the 350,000-acre Green Mountain National Forest, yet is only a short drive from both New York’s Capital District and the cultural Berkshires of Massachusetts.

Bennington has a rich cultural heritage, beginning with the Native Americans drawn by an abundance of fish and game in and along the area’s numerous waterways. In 1749, New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth chartered the first town in the territory now known as Vermont, and named it Bennington, in honor of himself. The town’s original settlement was formed in the area known today as Old Bennington in 1761 by Congregational Separatists from Connecticut and Massachusetts.

The independent spirit of these early settlers was reflected in their overt resistance to land claims from New York colony and eventually led to the formation of a local citizen militia headed by Ethan Allen, which came to be known as the Green Mountain Boys. This militia later played a crucial role at the Battle of Bennington on August 16, 1777. That battle was a prelude to the surrender of British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, which led directly to the success of the Revolution.

Visitors may gain a better appreciation of Bennington’s rich heritage by visiting a number of places within the town such as the Bennington Battle Monument, the Old First Church, the Bennington Museum, the Park-McCullough House, Bennington College, Southern Vermont College and three covered bridges.

Local Educational Information:

Independent Sources:

Local Area Colleges
Southern Vermont College
982 Mansion Drive
Bennington, VT 05201
Phone: 802-447-4000
www.SVC.edu


Stroll up Historic Monument Avenue

Just one of the many historic homes on Monument Avenue in Old Bennington.

After leaving the Old First Church and cemetery, head up the hill toward the Bennington Monument. Monument Avenue includes many large historic homes dating to the late 1700s. For a more detailed account of the styles, dates, and former residents of these homes, visit the Town of Bennington website.

As you walk up Monument Avenue, you will discover a larger-than-life copper catamount marking the spot of the former Catamount Tavern. The tavern served as the headquarters of Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, and later the headquarters of General Stark who commanded the forces in the Battle of Bennington.

The site of the famous Catamount Tavern.

The tavern was originally known as Fay’s House, but when residents placed a real stuffed catamount on the signpost to threaten unwelcome New Yorkers, the name was changed to the Catamount Tavern. The tavern was built in 1769 but burned to the ground in 1871.

Other notable buildings on Monument Avenue, include the Old Academy, built originally as a school in 1819, and the Fay-Brown house, which was a stone blacksmith shop constructed in 1781.


Legends of America

Glastenbury Mountain, Vermont

The Bennington Triangle, centered around Glastenbury Mountain in Vermont, has long been known for strange events including UFO activity, bigfoot sightings, strange lights and sounds, and the location where five people disappeared in the 1940s and 1950s. The area is said to be cursed according to Native American lore.

The Indians of the area had long been wary of the area and avoided it. An Algonquin legend warned of a malevolent stone in the mountains that would open up and devour anyone unlucky enough to step on it.

The phrase “Bennington Triangle” was coined by New England author Joseph A. Citro in 1992 who said the area shares characteristics with the Bridgewater Triangle in neighboring Massachusetts.

The stretch of woodlands around Glastenbury Mountain includes the towns of Bennington, Woodford, and Shaftsbury, as well as the ghost towns of Somerset and Glastenbury.

For more than two centuries there have been numerous sightings of a bigfoot-like creature in the Glastenbury Mountain area which became known as “The Bennington Monster.” One of the first reported sightings occurred in the early 1800s when a stagecoach full of passengers was forced to stop on a washed out road. The stage-driver first noticed very large footprints in the mud that was too large to be a human’s. Then, the coach was attacked by a large creature who knocked the vehicle on its side. The frightened passengers could only see a pair of eyes before the monster roared and ran off into the forest. Later sightings described the creature as a large, hairy, black thing standing over six feet tall.

There have long been stories of people going missing in the area, including a man named Carol Herrick in 1943. Herrick went missing during a hunting trip about 10 miles northeast of the ghost town of Glastenbury. His body was discovered three days later surrounded by huge, mysterious footprints. He had been squeezed to death.

During a five-year span, beginning in 1945, people began to disappear with regularity.

The first to go missing was a 74-year-old hunting guide named Middie Rivers on November 12, 1945. Rivers, who knew the area well, was leading a party of four hunters in the area of Hell Hollow in the southwest woods of Glastenbury. As he was leading the group back to their camp, he got ahead of them and never returned to camp. Initially, the other hunters weren’t concerned as their guide was a skilled woodsman. However, when Rivers didn’t resurface, an extensive search was conducted by 300 concerned locals and U.S. Army soldiers dispatched from Massachusetts’ Fort Devens. Though they combed through the vast wilderness for eight days, the only thing that was found was a rifle cartridge of the same type that Rivers used. There was no evidence of an animal attack and his body wasn’t found. Even after this exhaustive search, many locals believed that the knowledgeable woodsman would be able to survive and would soon resurface in town. But, he never did. Rivers disappeared along the Long Trail Road area and Vermont Route 9.

A year later, 18-year-old college student Paula Welden went hiking on the Long Trail on Sunday, December 1, 1846. Wearing a bright red jacket, several people had seen her go including a store employee in Bennington who had given her directions and an elderly couple who were hiking about 100 yards behind her for a time. There was no concern until the college sophomore failed to show up for her classes at Bennington College the next morning. Afterward, an extensive search was conducted, which included more than 1,000 people searching, aircraft surveillance, the posting of a $5,000 reward, and help from the FBI. The elderly couple who had seen her on the trail said that after she turned a corner on the trail, she seemingly disappeared. During the massive search, no clues to her fate were ever discovered.

Exactly three years after Paula Welden had disappeared, James Tedford went missing on December 1, 1949. A veteran resident of the Bennington Soldiers’ Home, Tedford had been in St. Albans visiting relatives, and was returning home on a bus when he vanished. According to witnesses, Weldon was one of 14 passengers who were on the bus at the last stop before arriving in Bennington. However, when the bus arrived in Bennington, he had seemingly vanished. His belongings were still in the luggage rack and an open bus timetable was on his vacant seat. No one had seen him get off the bus and he didn’t disembark in Bennington. Though the disappearance was investigated, no one had seen anything, nor did they report any suspicious incidents.

On October 12, 1950, an eight-year-old boy named Paul Jepson went missing in the area. Jepson was playing in the cab of a pickup truck in Bennington when his mother left him briefly to tend to her pigs. When she returned, the boy was gone. After looking for the boy in the immediate area, he was reported as missing and hundreds of people assembled in a search party. Bloodhounds were also brought in to search for the boy, which picked up his scent and followed it toward Glastenbury Mountain, but it was lost at a nearby crossroads, suggesting a possible abduction by a motorist. The boy’s father said that Paul had been talking about visiting the mountains for several days. Though the area was searched for several days, no clues or remains of the boy were ever found.

Just 16 days later, Frieda Langer went missing on October 28, 1950. She and several other family members were camping in the woods near Glastenbury Mountain. The 53-year-old Langer, along with her cousin, Herbert Elsner, left their family campsite near the Somerset Reservoir to go on a hike. However, when they were just a few hundred yards from their campsite, Langer slipped and fell into a stream, soaking her clothes and shoes. She then asked her cousin to wait as she ran back to the camp to change her clothes. After Elsner waited for a while and Freda didn’t return, he also went back to the camp to see if everything was alright. It wasn’t. Freda hadn’t returned to the camp. Instead, she had seemingly disappeared in broad daylight in the short distance. In the next few weeks, several search parties, which included some 400 people comprised of police, volunteers, firefighters, and soldiers, as well as aircraft, searched for her and turned up nothing. The search was finally called off. Then, seven months later, on May 12, 1951, her body was found near Somerset Reservoir, in an area that had previously been extensively searched. Due to the decomposition of the body, no cause of death could be determined. The case remains unsolved.

Langer was the last person to disappear and the only one whose body was found. Though no direct connections have been found that tie these cases together, other than geographic area and time period, some claim these disappearances were the work of a serial killer. Others blame the Indian curse or the paranormal, stating the place is “window” into the unexplained. Some say the area is unstable due to wind patterns that are unusually chaotic and confusing, so people can easily get lost.

Whatever the reason, the area is famous for its strange phenomena. In addition to the Bigfoot sightings and disappearances, others have reported seeing strange floating lights, other mysterious woodland creatures, and UFO activity.


Bennington Battle Monument

The tallest man-made structure in the State of Vermont commemorates the Battle of Bennington, a pivotal victory for American forces on the New England front of the American Revolution. On August 16, 1777, Vermont’s Green Mountain Boys, the New Hampshire Militia, and volunteers from Massachusetts, defeated British troops charged with capturing provisions stored at the Bennington military supply depot—the site where the monument stands today.

Designing of a monument to mark the site of a critical supply depot began in earnest in 1876 with the incorporation of the Bennington Battle Monument Association. Former Governor Hiland Hall spearheaded the commemoration efforts, fearing that “a smaller monument would remain unknown to the world and would dwindle into an obscure art gallery.” The third design of J. Phillip Rinn, a well-known Boston architect, developed into the 306-foot monument that we see today. Ground was broken on June 4, 1887 with a ceremony marking the laying of the cornerstone on the 110 th anniversary of the battle. The two-ton capstone was set on November 25, 1889. Bennington Battle Monument was dedicated on August 19, 1891 with a grand ceremony lead by President Benjamin Harrison and a gathering of tens of thousand onlookers.

The exterior of the stone monument is constructed of Sandy Hill dolomite, a blue-gray magnesian limestone quarried from the Town of Kingsbury, New York. J. Phillip Rinn also designed the 417-step interior stair. With its wide sloping treads and low risers, the Rinn stair made for a gradual climb to the monument’s observation level that provides spectacular open views of Vermont, New York, and Massachusetts. The State of Vermont was deeded ownership of the Battle Monument, 1930 gift shop, and monument property in 1953 from the Bennington Battle Monument and Historical Association.

Illumination Requests for Bennington Battle Monument:

Please note that changes to the illumination of the monument for special occasions, events, commemorations, and causes are not permissible. The current lighting follows the regulations of the FAA for the nearby William H. Morse State Airport as well as respecting the lighting restrictions for the neighborhood of Old Bennington.


Bennington Battle Monument Research

The Battle of Bennington was a pivotal victory for American forces on the New England front of the American Revolution. On August 16, 1777, Vermont’s Green Mountain Boys, the New Hampshire Militia, and volunteers from Massachusetts, defeated British troops who were charged with capturing provisions stored at the Bennington supply depot—the site were the Bennington Battle Monument stands today.

The American troops were under the direction of John Stark, a Continental Army colonel who fought at the battles of Bunker Hill, Trenton, and Princeton. He resigned in March of 1777 after being passed over for a promotion. Only four months later, Stark returned to service as a brigadier general in the New Hampshire Militia (independent of the Continental Army). He led American forces consisting of approximately 2,000 mostly untrained volunteers from Vermont, New Hampshire, and Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

The British troops were led by General John Burgoyne, who was nicknamed “Gentleman Johnny” due to the humane treatment of his soldiers. His forces included Brunswick dragoons, Hessian artillery and other German detachments, French Canadians, Native Americans, Loyalists, and British marksmen.

Burgoyne’s plan in the summer of 1777 was to divide New England from the rest of the United States, down along Lake Champlain and the Hudson River to New York. On July 5 and 6, American forces withdrew from Fort Ticonderoga, New York, and Mount Independence, Vermont, leaving these fortifications to the British. As the British followed the Americans southward, they were delayed on July 7 by a rearguard action at Hubbardton. The only Revolutionary War battle fought entirely on Vermont soil, the Battle of Hubbardton gave American forces a chance to regroup for what would become the first successful resistance to Burgoyne’s plan.

Heading to Bennington : The British continued southward from Mount Independence and Fort Ticonderoga toward Albany, New York, and soon found themselves far removed from their supplies in Canada. Learning of American military stores held at Bennington, Burgoyne sent two of his units to capture the supply depot located at the site now marked by this monument. These units under the command of Lieutenant Colonels Friedrich Baum and Heinrich Von Breymann were made up of British, Native American, Loyalist, and German soldiers.

The Battle: The Americans, under Stark, received word about the advancing British troops and decided to head them off rather than defend the Bennington supply depot. The battle too place approximately five miles northwest of Bennington near Walloomsac Heights, New York.

Fighting began at three o’clock on the afternoon of August 16, 1777. By five o’clock, British troops were retreating, Baum was mortally wounded, and the Americans had captured many of his demoralized soldiers. In a surprise second engagement, Colonel Breymann appeared with a unit of Burgoyne’s army, and the exhausted and hungry Americans began to weaken. Fortunately, reinforcements consisting of Colonel Seth Warner and the Green Mountain Boys arrived from Manchester, causing Breymann’s ranks to flee with the Americans in pursuit.

The Outcome: The Battle of Bennington had significant consequences. American military stores were saved. Untrained American soldiers overwhelmingly defeated some of Europe’s best trained and equipped troops—a large number of whom were killed, wounded or captured. After the battle, many Native Americans who had accompanied the British chose to return to Canada. Without them it became even more difficult for Burgoyne’s forces to maintain supply lines and obtain information about the movement of American forces. Less than two month later, General Burgoyne would surrender at Saratoga in what is considered a major turning point of the American Revolution.

Statues and Commemorative Markers on the Monument Grounds

Anthony Haswell (1756-1816) was an editor and publisher of the Vermont Gazette in Bennington. Born in England, Haswell apprenticed in Boston with printer Isaiah Thomas, who published the Massachusetts Spy. Haswell, a witness to the Boston massacre, was a member of the Sons of Liberty and would eventually publish Thomas’s paper as Haswell’s Massachusetts Spy. He relocated to Bennington in 1783, becoming the second printer established in Vermont. He was appointed as Postmaster General of Vermont and served as official government printer. Together with David Russell, he founded the Vermont Gazette and built the state’s first paper mill. Haswell gained notoriety in 1785 for publishing Ethan Allen’s controversial deist traction: Reason, the Only Oracle of Man: Or, A Compendious System of Natural Religion. He opened offices through Vermont and founded the first newspaper in Rutland, The Herald of Rutland, in 1792. Publishing Thomas Jefferson’s democratic-republican party politics and Benjamin Franklin Bache’s claim the government employed Tories, Harwell was a target under the Sedition Act of 1798. He was convicted by trial in May 1800 of seditious libel and sentenced to a two-month imprisonment and $200 fine. He was released on the Fourth of July 1800. Active in state politics, he became Clerk of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1803 and was active in the Vermont Masonic movement. He died in May 1816.

John Stark (1728-1822), a native of New Hampshire, was a veteran of the French & Indian War and lieutenant in light infantry force of Rogers’ Rangers. Returning to military service at the start of the American Revolution, Stark commanded the 1st New Hampshire Regiment in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Stark and his men reinforced General George Washington’s troops with victories at Trenton and Prince in January 1777. He resigned his commission with the Continental Army, joining the New Hampshire militia of 1,500 men as brigadier general. Upon learning that a detachment of Hessians soldiers intended to raid Bennington, Stark moved his troops along with 350 men under Colonel Seth Warner to attach the enemy at the Battle of Bennington on August 16. For his efforts at the battle that contributed to the ultimate triumph at Saratoga, Stark was reinstated with the Continental Army as brigadier general. He was part of the board of inquiry investigating the betrayal of Major General Benedict Arnold and British spy Major John Andre. He left military life as a major general, returning to New Hampshire where he died in 1822 at the age of 94.

Seth Warner (1743-1784), a resident of Bennington, joined the para-military “Green Mountain Boys” Regiment of Continental Rangers, where he became second in command to Ethan Allen. At the outbreak of the American War of Independence, Warner took part in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775 and, more importantly, the capture of several cannons at Crown Point on May 11, 1775. He was appointed commanding officers of the “Green Mountain Boys” Regiment of Continental Rangers on 26 July. In the fall and winter of 1775/76, he took part in the Canada Campaign under General Montgomery, an event that ended in failure when the siege of Quebec had to be abandoned in May 1776. It was on the retreat from Canada that Warner learned some of the skills as militia commander and citizen soldier that bore fruit at the battle of Hubbardton on July 7, 1777. Warner’s role in the second phase of the Battle of Bennington in August was decisive when his timely arrival blunted the German advance and turned the tide of the battle. Following the Battle of Bennington, Warner took his regiment toward Saratoga, and witnessed the surrender of General Burgoyne in October 1777. In March 1778, the Vermont assembly appointed Warner the only brigadier general in Vermont, but his regiment was disbanded in late 1780, and Warner retired from service. He died December 26, 1784 at age 41.


Bennington

Early in the 1870s a grocery store, blacksmith, and post office in the town of "Hayes" were doing a brisk business. In the mid-1880s, when the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley Railroad purchased land to build its line between Omaha and Fremont, a new town was established two miles south and one mile east, and Hayes vanished.

Settlers along the right-of-way, mostly from Germany, included the Peter Bunz, John Labs, Claus Oft, and Dick Monell families, who had homesteaded in the area to be close to relatives and friends. Initially called "Bunz Town," some thought a more historic name should be given to the community, such as "Bennington," for a famous Revolutionary War battle. Streets were then given the names of generals Vermont, Allen, Stark, and Molley.

The town immediately started to take shape. A hardware store was started by Simonsen and Schmidt in 1887 and completed in 1888. By then Henry Schroeder had established a harness shop, Claus Oft had built a brush dam on the Papio Creek to impound enough water to turn the turbine for a grist mill, and Felix Ebner had hastily put up a rude structure with boards and tar paper. The next year he built a more permanent structure, which is now the Silver Dollar Pool Hall. Eggert Oft built a livery stable and a hotel, both of which burned in the fire of 1913.

On April 15, 1892, Bennington was incorporated by swelling the census to the required 100 residents by counting all the railroad workers camped nearby. For the next 30 years the town showed continued growth in the number of homes and businesses. Six passenger trains a day shuttled people and goods to and from town. As automobile ownership increased, the needs of the community changed, and some businesses faltered and closed.

However, people still found Bennington to be a great place to live and raise a family. In addition to its location, near -- but not in -- Nebraska's largest city, Bennington, with its good accredited school, a strong church, congenial neighbors, and little or no crime, was just what they were looking for. To assure a pure water supply for its citizens, a central disposal plant replaced the outhouses and septic systems. Soon whole blocks of new homes were built and annexed to the city.

Bennington was the site of Northwestern Bell's pilot program to upgrade phones from operators to an automatic dialing system. Modern mercury street lights have replaced the early kerosene-burning lanterns, lit and extinguished by hand. There are many well-kept parks, which are enjoyed by residents which attract outside groups, who also make good use of the picnic areas.

St.John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, for many years the only congregation, will celebrate its centennial in 1998. Its beautiful edifice, high on the hill, is the center for many town activities. Many members have been baptized, confirmed, married, and have seen their children and grandchildren follow in their footsteps. A new Baptist Church recently opened in the downtown area.

Bennington's pride knew no bounds when the football team placed first in C1 in 1989. The wrestling team took the Class B 1987 title and first over-all in the 1990 state meet. Basketball and baseball are also well supported, with a Class B Championship in 1959 by our Legion Midget team.

Due to the tireless efforts of the Woman's Club, Tree Board, and many conscientious citizens, Bennington was designated by the Arbor Day Foundation as "Tree City U.S.A." in 1989. This spring more trees, purchased by OPPD, were set out in the parkway along Highway 156 and on Stark Street. The Woman's Club was also instrumental in establishing the public library, exceptionally well-suited to the needs of the community.

The proximity of city industries, businesses, and offices aid and abet life for the citizens of our small town of just over 800. Early each morning a caravan of cars heads down the highway as many residents leave for jobs in Omaha. At night the traffic pattern is reversed, as workers return, eager to reach "home" and the good life in our town, Bennington.

By Gretchen Mangold, Bennington, NE 68007, from "A Brief Early History of Bennington," (the 50th year pageant) written in 1937 and revised in 1990.


Bennington - History

Located in eastern Bryan County, Bennington lies twenty miles east of Durant near U.S. Highway 70 on County Road E2075. The community originated in 1853 when Presbyterian minister A. G. Lansing established Mount Pleasant Mission Station near present Matoy in the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory. By 1855 Lansing left the operation to Rev. Charles C. Copeland, and the mission moved south several miles to escape the unhealthy conditions of the boggy bottom of its original, remote location. Copeland named this second enterprise Bennington Mission Station in honor of a town near his home in Vermont.

In 1873 a post office was established, then disbanded in 1878, and reestablished in 1884. By that time John McDowell and a partner, named Brown, had erected a gin and a general merchandise store near the station, known as the Red Store. Over time several proprietors operated it, and other businesses came and went. At one time forty-five persons lived in the community. The settlement was called "The Store," and the church and mission were called Bennington.

In 1902 the Arkansas and Choctaw Railway built through the area and missed Bennington by two miles. Some of the buildings around The Store, and perhaps The Store itself, were dragged down to the railroad line. There a new town was established in 1903. Bennington grew quickly. In 1903 there were reportedly 250 people, along with six general merchandise/grocery stores, a dentist, two drug stores, a hotel, a livestock exchange, three blacksmiths, a lumberyard, a bank, and a newly moved post office.

In the early twentieth century several fires destroyed parts of the town. Still the population grew to 513 in 1910 and 915 in 1920, but 1930 showed a loss to 492. The Presbyterian Church at the old location lost many members to the new church in town. A Baptist Church began in 1903, and a Methodist congregation soon followed. From 1904 to 1922 the Bennington Tribune served the town. Die Bennington Journal reported from 1939 until 1946.

The population in 1940 stood at 513 residents, falling to a low of 226 in 1960, before rebounding to 302 in 1980. In 1976 a 1956 graduate of Bennington High School, Wes Watkins, was elected to the U.S. Congress. At the beginning of the twenty-first century Bennington showed its decline. Most of the old storefronts were gone, and businesses had moved away. The public school served a large rural area and existed as the busiest place in town. The 2000 census reported a population of 289, and the 2010 census, 234.

Bibliografie

Natalie Morrison Denison, "Missions and Missionaries of the Presbyterian Church, U.S., Among the Choctaws, 1866–1907," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 24 (Winter 1946–47).

The History of Bryan County, Oklahoma (Durant, Okla.: Bryan County Heritage Association, Inc., 1983).

George H. Shirk, Oklahoma Place Names (2d ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1974).

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Monty Olsen, &ldquoBennington,&rdquo The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=BE019.

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