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Geveg van Liebenau, 26 Junie 1866

Geveg van Liebenau, 26 Junie 1866



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Geveg van Liebenau, 26 Junie 1866

Die geveg van Liebenau (26 Junie 1866) was die eerste belangrike geveg tydens die Oostenryk-Pruise-oorlog en het gesien hoe die Pruise die Oostenrykers dwing om die dorpie Liebenau te laat vaar en hul eerste vastrapplek oor die rivier die Iser te kry.

Generaal von Moltke, die hoof van die Pruisiese generale staf, het besluit om drie leërs na Bohemen te stuur. Die eerste leër, onder prins Frederick Charles, was die middelpunt van hierdie drie, en sou uit die noordweste na Bohemen vorder. Regs (wes) was die Army of the Elbe (generaal Karl E. Herwarth von Bittenfeld), wat eers Sakse moes beset, en daarna Bohemia vanuit die weste binnegekom het. Verder oos was die Pruisiese 2de leër (kroonprins Frederick William), wat vanuit die Breslau -gebied na Bohemen sou vorder. Die belangrikste Oostenrykse mag vergader suid van die Pruisiese 2de leër, maar daar was ook 'n mag wat bestaan ​​uit Clam-Gallas se Oostenrykse korps en die leër van Sakse wat verder in die weste aan die Iserrivier werk.

Teen 25 Junie konsentreer die Oostenrykers en Sakse, onder graaf Edouard von Clam-Gallas en kroonprins Albert van Sakse, suid en oos van die Iserrivier, met hul hoofmagte rondom Münchengrätz. Die Oostenrykers het ook buiteposte noord van die rivier gehad, wat bestaan ​​uit die Poschacher -brigade en 'n paar ligte kavalerie. Hierdie troepe is gestrek langs die pad van Türnau, net suid van die Iser, na Reichenberg, met die mees gevorderde troepe in die dorpie Liebenau, ongeveer halfpad tussen die twee. Die grootste deel van die brigade was in die heuwels suid van die dorp. Hierdie brigade het net twee jaar tevore saam met die Pruise in die Sleeswyk-Holstein-oorlog geveg.

Die Pruisiese 1ste leër was in die noorde, met sy hoofkwartier in Reichenberg. Die leër van die Elbe het met hulle gesluit en was nou net in die weste.

Op die oggend van 26 Junie beveel prins Frederik Charles generaal August von Horn se 8ste afdeling om 'n mag van twee bataljonne infanterie uit die 72ste regiment, een eskader van Uhlans en 'n battery van vier pondergewere te stuur om die pad na Türnau te herontdek. Hierdie mag is ondersteun deur Hann von Weyhern se 2de Kavaleriedivisie.

Die Pruise het die Oostenrykers in Liebenau raakgeloop. Die Oostenrykers het probeer om 'n versperring in die dorpsstraat te bou, maar met die voorkoms van die Pruise het hulle teruggetrek na 'n reeks heuwels suid van die dorp, waar die belangrikste Oostenrykse mag geplaas is. Dit het bestaan ​​uit vier regimente ligte kavallerie uit die 2de Kavalleriedivisie (Edelsheim), twee batterye perdeartillerie en 'n beperkte mag van infanterie.

Horn se infanterie het byna onmiddellik die heuwels suid van die dorp gevorder, terwyl die Pruisiese artillerie 'n posisie inneem op 'n tweede reeks heuwels in die noorde. Hann se kavallerie het die dorpie ingetrek.

Net voor 09:00 kom prins Frederick Charles op die toneel. Ongeveer dieselfde tyd het die Oostenrykse artillerie losgebrand en 'n kort artillerie -tweestryd gevolg. Die minderheid Oostenrykers is gou stil, deels deur die Pruisiese gewere en deels deur die oprukkende Pruisiese infanterie.

Nadat die infanterie van Horn die Oostenrykse artillerie suksesvol gedwing het om terug te trek, het die Pruisiese kavallerie na die top van die heuwels suid van die dorp gevorder. Die Pruise het probeer om die Oostenrykers agterna te sit oor 'n plato wat suid van hierdie heuwels strek, maar kon die terugtrekkende Oostenrykers nie inhaal nie, en hulle kon ontsnap na 'n meer gebroke platteland daarbuite.

Die Pruisiese suksesse het die res van die dag voortgeduur. Oprukkende troepe uit die 7de afdeling van Fransecky, wat beveel is om Horn te ondersteun, het die Iser by Turnau bereik en ontdek dat die plek onverdedig was. Die brug oor die Iser is gedeeltelik verwoes, maar die Pruise kon vinnig 'n pontbrug bou en het gou 'n sterk vastrapplek oor die Iser gehad.

Verder suid het die Oostenrykers en Pruise teen Podol (26-27 Junie 1866) teen mekaar gebots, waar die Pruise weer 'n oorwinning behaal het en 'n Oostenrykse teenaanval verslaan het wat daarop gemik was om Turnau terug te neem.

Die gevegte op 26 Junie toon die swak bevelstruktuur aan die Oostenrykse kant. Generaal Benedek, die algemene Oostenrykse bevelvoerder, het besluit om prins Frederick Charles eers aan te val en bevele aan Clam-Galas en Albert, kroonprins van Sakse, gestuur om die rivier te hou. Vroeër die dag het die kroonprins aan Clam-Galas voorgestel dat hulle Turnau moet verdedig, maar daaroor is gepraat. As gevolg hiervan het die lyn van die Iser verlore gegaan, en die Oostenrykers en Sakse was blootgestel aan aanvalle by Münchengrätz (28 Junie 1866).


4de Ingenieursbataljon

In sy 140-jarige geskiedenis het duisende soldate die kentekens van die 4de Ingenieurs met trots gedra en die leuse van die bataljon volhard: Volens et Potens (Gewillig en bekwaam). Die oorsprong van die 4de Ingenieursbataljon dateer uit 31 Desember 1861 toe die weermag verskeie nuwe en bestaande ingenieursmaatskappye in 'n voorlopige ingenieursbataljon in Washington, DC, georganiseer het. Die bataljon fokus hoofsaaklik op die take van pad- en brugbou en neem deel aan verskeie burgeroorlogveldtogte, waaronder die Skiereiland, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, die Wildernis, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbour, Petersburg en Appomattox. Na die oorlog is die voorlopige bataljon op 28 Julie 1866 in die gewone leër saamgestel as die bataljon ingenieurs.

Tydens die Spaans-Amerikaanse oorlog het die bataljon aksie in Kuba gesien, wat deelgeneem het aan die veldtog in Santiago. Dit het later kortliks in die Filippynse Opstand gedien.

By die toetrede van die Verenigde State tot die Eerste Wêreldoorlog, is die bataljon, nou bekend as die 2d Regiment of Engineers, uitgebrei tot drie ingenieurregimente (2d, 4de en 5de). Die 4de, herontwerp as die 4de Ingenieurs op 29 Augustus 1917, is op 1 Januarie 1918 aan die 4de Afdeling toegedeel. Gedurende die oorlog neem die 4de deel aan vyf veldtogte: Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne 1918 , en Lorraine 1918. In 1921 is die 4de Ingenieurs in Camp Lewis, Washington, geaktiveer.

Die hergeboorte van die 4de ingenieurs het op 1 Oktober 1933 plaasgevind in Fort Benning, Georgia, met die aktivering en toewysing van die regiment aan die 4de afdeling. Ses jaar later, op 19 Oktober 1939, word die eenheid die 4de Ingenieursbataljon (Combat) genoem. Na 'n kort tydperk as die 4de ingenieur -gemotoriseerde bataljon, is die eenheid weer geherorganiseer en die 4de ingenieurgevegbataljon herontwerp om sy uitgebreide rol as ingenieur en gevegseenheid te weerspieël.

Elemente van die 4de Engineer Combat Battalion was in die eerste golf van aanvalsmagte wat die strande van Normandië getref het in die vroeë oggendure van D-Day, 6 Junie 1944. Die gevegsingenieurs van die 4de het Utah Beach van myne skoongemaak en 'n pad oopgemaak vir elemente van die 8ste en 22ste Infanterieregimente. Teen die aand het die res van die 4de Ingenieursbataljon geland en was gou besig om Utah Beach skoon te maak ter ondersteuning van die groeiende massa mans en toerusting wat die strandkop oorstroom. Binne 'n paar dae het die ingenieurs uitgevind waarom hulle 'gevegsingenieurs' genoem is toe hulle tydens die aanval op Montebourg as infanterie gebruik is.

Gedurende die daaropvolgende dae en weke het die 4de Ingenieursgevegbataljon nou saamgewerk met die 8ste Infanterie. Die bataljon het verkenning verleen vir die hoofeenhede van die 4de Infanteriedivisie. Tydens die rit na Parys het die ingenieurs geword pontierres weer (terug na hul oorsprong) toe die riviere Seine, Aisne en Maas almal brûe nodig gehad het vir die opkomende troepe. Die vierde het aan die bloedige gevegte in die Huertgen -woud deelgeneem en 'n presidensiële eenheidsverklaring behaal. Die bataljon het ook deelgeneem aan die Slag van die Bulge en die kruising van die Ryn. In totaal het die 4de deelgeneem aan vyf veldtogte van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog: Normandië (met pylpunt), Noord-Frankryk, Rynland, Ardennes-Elsas en Sentraal-Europa.

Na 'n tydperk van inaktivering na die oorlog, is die 4de in 1948 heraktiveer en in 1950 na Wes -Duitsland met die res van die 4de Infanteriedivisie ontplooi. Terwyl hy in Duitsland was, was die vierde beset voormalige Wehrmacht fasiliteite by Hanau am Main. Op 5 Junie 1953 is die bataljon herontwerp as die 4de Ingenieursbataljon.

In Julie 1966 het elemente van die 4de Ingenieursbataljon, onder bevel van LTC Gerhard Schulz, in Pleiku, Republiek Vietnam, aangekom en die hoofkwartier van die bataljon in Camp Enari gevestig. Opdragte vir die vierde sluit in die verskaffing van basissekuriteit (insluitend die bou van 'n sewe -band doringdraadomheining rondom die omtrek), die bou en instandhouding van die basisvliegveld, en die verskaffing van fasiliteite vir die hoofkwartier van die 4de Infanteriedivisie. Ingenieurs van die 4de was ook verskeie kere as infanterie toegewy en het Pleiku teen vyandelike aanval verdedig. In totaal het die 4de tydens die Viëtnam -oorlog aan elf veldtogte deelgeneem. Kompanjie A, 4de Ingenieursbataljon, het twee presidensiële eenheidsverklarings verdien, terwyl kompanie C 'n dapper eenheidstoekenning behaal het. Die hele bataljon het 'n verdienstelike lof van die eenheid verdien, asook verskeie aanhalings uit die Republiek van Viëtnam.

Tydens Operasie Iraqi Freedom is die 4de Ingenieursbataljon na Koeweit ontplooi, met B Kompanjie wat eers op 14 April 2003 met die Task Force 1-8 Infanterie die grens na Irak oorgesteek het. In Junie 2003 verhuis die bataljon na Ad Dujayl, ongeveer 60 kilometer noord van Bagdad, waar die ingenieurs 'n aantal herbouingsprojekte uitgevoer het, tonne ammunisie vernietig en die plaaslike gebied gepatrolleer het. In Februarie 2004 word die 4de herontplooi na sy huis in Fort Carson, Colorado, waar hy tans voortgaan met opleiding en wag op kennisgewing van groot veranderinge wat vir weermag -eenhede beplan word.

In Oktober 2004 vlieg die 4de Ingenieursbataljon weer terug as die 4de Bataljon van die Spesiale Troepe as deel van die oorgang van die 3d Brigade Combat Team na 'Action of Action'. Die lynmaatskappye sal permanent deel word van hul maneuverbataljons. B Company word E Company, 1-8 Infanterie, en C Company word E Company, 1-68 Armor. 'N Maatskappy sal gedeaktiveer word.


Geveg van Liebenau, 26 Junie 1866 - Geskiedenis

14de Infanterieregiment
WAPEN

DISTINKTIEWE INSIGNIA

Die kenmerkende kenteken is 'n goue keiserlike Chinese draak wat teen 'n rooi konvensionele Spaanse kasteel geplaas is met die regimentele motto "The Right of the Line" in goue letters op 'n blou lintrol. Die draak is die helmteken van die wapen en die kasteel is een van die aanklagte op die regimentskild.

Die volgende afstammelinge en eerbewyse wat deur die U.S. Army Center of Military History gelewer word. Bykomende inligting verskaf deur Larry Weist en Thomas Jones en is beskikbaar op die webwerf van die 25th Infantry Division Association

14DE INFANTRIE REGIMENT LINEAGE EN ERE

VELDOMSDELIGHEIDSKREDIET

Burgeroorlog
Skiereiland
Manassas
Antietam
Fredericksburg
Chancellorsville
Gettysburg
Wildernis
Spotsylvania
Cold Harbour
Petersburg
Virginia 1862
Virginia 1863

Indiese oorloë
Klein Groot Horn
Bannocks
Arizona 1866
Wyoming 1874

Oorlog met Spanje
Manila

China Relief Expedition
Yang-tsun
Peking

Filippynse opstand
Manila
Laguna de Bay
Zapote -rivier
Kaviet
Luzon 1899

Tweede Wereldoorlog
Rynland
Sentraal -Europa

Koreaanse Oorlog
VN-somer-herfs-offensief
Tweede Koreaanse winter
Korea, somer-herfs 1952
Derde Koreaanse Winter
Korea, somer 1953

Viëtnam
Teenoffensief
Teenaanval, Fase II
Teenaanval, Fase III
Tet teenoffensief
Teenoffensief, Fase IV
Teenaanval, Fase V
Teenaanval, Fase VI
Tet 69/teenaanval
Somer-herfs 1969
Winter-lente 1970
Sanctuary teenoffensief
Teenaanval, Fase VII
Konsolidasie I
Konsolidasie II
Skietstilstand

Oorlog teen terrorisme
Irak

DECORATIONS


Opgestel op 3 Mei 1861 in die Gewone Leër as Kompanie A, 2de Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Georganiseer op 8 Julie 1861 in Fort Trumbull, Connecticut

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 30 April 1862 as Kompanjie A, 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 21 September 1866 as Kompanjie A, 14de Infanterie

Gekonsolideer 26 Julie 1869 met Kompanjie G, 45ste Infanterie, Veteraanreservaatkorps (saamgestel op 21 September 1866), en gekonsolideerde eenheid aangewys as Kompanjie A, 14de Infanterie

(14de Infanterie wat 27 Julie 1918 aan die 19de Afdeling toegewys is, word op 14 Februarie 1919 onthef van opdrag aan die 19de Afdeling wat op 10 Julie 1943 aan die 71ste Ligte Afdeling [later herontwerp as die 71ste Infanteriedivisie] onthef is, 1 Mei 1946 onthef van opdrag aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie )

Ongeaktiveer 1 September 1946 in Duitsland

Geaktiveer op 1 Oktober 1948 in Camp Carson, Colorado

(14de Infanterie toegewys 1 Augustus 1951 aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie)

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 1 Februarie 1957 as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 1st Battle Group, 14th Infantry, en bly aangewys in die 25ste Infanteriedivisie (organiese elemente wat terselfdertyd saamgestel en geaktiveer word)

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 26 Augustus 1963 as die 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Ontsluit 1 Augustus 1967 van toewysing na die 25ste Infanteriedivisie en in die 4de Infanteriedivisie

Ontsluit 15 Desember 1970 van toewysing by die 4de Infanteriedivisie en word toegewys aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie

Herontwerp 1 Oktober 2005 as die 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterieregiment

Ontsluit 16 Oktober 2005 van opdrag aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie, en word toegewys aan die 2d Brigade Combat Team, 25ste Infanteriedivisie
(Of - op 15 Augustus 2006 onthef van opdrag na die 25ste Infanteriedivisie en toegewys aan die 2de Brigade -gevegspan, 25ste Infanteriedivisie)

VELDOMSDELIGHEIDSKREDIET

Burgeroorlog
* Skiereiland
* Manasse
* Antietam
* Fredericksburg
* Chancellorsville
* Gettysburg
* Wildernis
* Spotsylvania
* Cold Harbour
* Petersburg
* Virginia 1862
* Virginia 1863

Indiese oorloë
Klein Groot Hoorn
Bannocks
Arizona 1866
Wyoming 1874

Oorlog met Spanje
* Manila

China Relief Expedition
Yang-tsun
Peking

Filippynse opstand
* Manila
* Laguna de Bay
* Zapote -rivier
Kaviet
* Luzon 1899

Tweede Wereldoorlog
* Rynland
* Sentraal -Europa

Koreaanse Oorlog
* VN-somer-herfs-offensief
* Tweede Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer-herfs 1952
* Derde Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer 1953

Viëtnam
* Teenoffensief
* Teenaanval, Fase II
* Teenoffensief, Fase III
* Tet teenoffensief
* Teenoffensief, Fase IV
* Teenaanval, Fase V
* Teenoffensief, Fase VI
* Tet 69/teenaanval
* Somer-herfs 1969
* Winter-lente 1970
* Sanctuary Counteroffensive
* Teenaanval, Fase VII

Oorlog teen terrorisme
* Irak
*Oorgang van Irak
*Irakse regering

DECORATIONS

* Presidential Unit Citation (Navy), Streamer geborduurde CHU LAI
* Valorous Unit Award, Streamer geborduurde SAMARRA, IRAQ
* Valorous Unit Award, Streamer geborduur TAJI, IRAQ
* Presidensiële eenheid van die Republiek Korea, Streamer geborduurde MUNSAN-NI
* Republiek van Viëtnam Kruis van Gallantry met Palm, Streamer geborduurd VIETNAM 1966-1967
* Republiek van Viëtnam Kruis van Gallantry met Palm, Streamer geborduurde VIETNAM 1967-1969
* Republiek Vietnam se Kruis van Gallantry met Palm, Streamer geborduurd VIETNAM 1969-1970
* Eerste medalje van die burgerlike aksie van die Republiek Vietnam, eersteklas, streamer geborduurd VIETNAM 1967-1969
Maatskappy A is ook geregtig op:
Valorous Unit Award, Streamer geborduurde QUANG NGAI PROVINSIE

2DE BATTALIOEN, 14de Infanterieregiment LINEAGE EN ERE


Opgestel op 3 Mei 1861 in die Gewone Leër as Kompanie B, 2d Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Georganiseer op 8 Julie 1861 in Fort Trumbull, Connecticut

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 30 April 1862 as Kompanie B, 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 21 September 1866 as Kompanjie B, 14de Infanterie

Gekonsolideer 26 Julie 1869 met Kompanjie A, 45ste Infanterie, Veteraanreservaatkorps (saamgestel op 21 September 1866), en gekonsolideerde eenheid aangewys as Kompanjie B, 14de
Infanterie

(14de Infanterie wat 27 Julie 1918 aan die 19de Afdeling toegewys is, word op 14 Februarie 1919 onthef van opdrag aan die 19de Afdeling wat op 10 Julie 1943 aan die 71ste Ligte Afdeling [later herontwerp as die 71ste Infanteriedivisie] onthef is, 1 Mei 1946 onthef van opdrag aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie )

Ongeaktiveer 1 September 1946 in Duitsland

Geaktiveer op 1 Oktober 1948 in Camp Carson, Colorado

(14de Infanterie toegewys 1 Augustus 1951 aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie)

Ongeaktiveer 1 Februarie 1957 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, en onthef van toewysing by die 25ste Infanteriedivisie

Opnuut aangewys op 17 Mei 1957 as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 2d Battle Group, 14de infanterie (organiese elemente saamgestel)

Battle Group geaktiveer 25 Mei 1957 in Fort Benning, Georgia

Opgedra 1 Julie 1958 aan die 1ste Infanterie Brigade

16 Mei 1960 geïnaktiveer in Fort Benning, Georgia

Ontsluit 25 Junie 1960 van opdrag aan die 1ste Infanterie Brigade

Herontwerp 21 Junie 1963 as die 2d Bataljon, 14de Infanterie, en toegewys aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie

Geaktiveer op 26 Augustus 1963 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

Ongeaktiveer 5 Junie 1972 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

17 Januarie 1986 onthef van opdrag aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie, toegewys aan die 10de Bergafdeling, en geaktiveer in Fort Benning, Georgia

Ontsluit 16 September 2005 van opdrag na 10de Bergafdeling en word toegewys aan die 2de Brigade -gevegspan, 10de Bergafdeling

Op 1 Oktober 2005 herontwerp as die 2d Bataljon, 14de Infanterieregiment

VELDOMSDELIGHEIDSKREDIET

Burgeroorlog
* Skiereiland
* Manasse
* Antietam
* Fredericksburg
* Chancellorsville
* Gettysburg
* Wildernis
* Spotsylvania
* Cold Harbour
* Petersburg
* Virginia 1862
*Virginia 1863

Indiese oorloë
* Klein Groot Hoorn
Bannocks
* Arizona 1866
Wyoming 1874

Oorlog met Spanje
Manila

China Relief Expedition
Yang-tsun
Peking

Filippynse opstand
Manila
* Laguna de Bay
* Zapote -rivier
Kaviet
* Luzon 1899

Tweede Wereldoorlog
* Rynland
* Sentraal -Europa

Koreaanse Oorlog
* Aanval in die somer-herfs van die VN
* Tweede Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer-herfs 1952
* Derde Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer 1953

Viëtnam
* Teenoffensief
* Teenaanval, Fase II
* Teenaanval, Fase III
* Tet teenoffensief
* Teenoffensief, Fase IV
* Teenaanval, Fase V
* Teenoffensief, Fase VI
* Tet 69/teenaanval
* Somer-herfs 1969
* Winter-lente 1970
* Sanctuary Counteroffensive
* Teenaanval, Fase VII

Oorlog teen terrorisme
* Irak

DECORATIONS

* Valorous Unit Award, Streamer geborduurde MOGADISHU
* Valorous Unit Award, Streamer geborduurde EUPHRATES RIVER VALLEY
* Verdienstelike lof van die eenheid (weermag), Streamer geborduurde IRAQ 2004-2005
* Army Superior Unit Award, Streamer geborduur 1997
* Aanhaling van die presidensiële eenheid van die Republiek van Korea, MUNSAN-NI met streamer geborduur
* Republiek van Viëtnam Kruis van Gallantry met Palm, Streamer geborduurd VIETNAM 1966-1968
* Republiek van Viëtnam Kruis van Gallantry met Palm, Streamer geborduurd VIETNAM 1968-1970
* Eerste medalje van die Republiek Vietnam se burgerlike aksie, eersteklas, streamer geborduurde VIETNAM 1966-1970

3D BATTALION, 14de Infanterieregiment LINEAGE EN ERE


C gestig op 3 Mei 1861 in die Gewone Leër as Kompanie F, 2de Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Georganiseer op 8 Julie 1861 in Fort Trumbull, Connecticut

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 30 April 1862 as Kompanie F, 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 21 September 1866 as Kompanjie F, 14de Infanterie

Gekonsolideer 26 Julie 1869 met Kompanjie C, 45ste Infanterie, Veteraanreservaatkorps (saamgestel op 21 September 1866), en gekonsolideerde eenheid aangewys as Kompanjie C, 14de Infanterie

(14de Infanterie wat 27 Julie 1918 aan die 19de Afdeling toegewys is, word op 14 Februarie 1919 onthef van opdrag aan die 19de Afdeling wat 10 Julie 1943 aan die 71ste Ligte Afdeling [later herontwerp as die 71ste Infanteriedivisie] onthef is, op 1 Mei 1946 onthef van opdrag aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie )

Ongeaktiveer 1 September 1946 in Duitsland

Geaktiveer op 1 Oktober 1948 in Camp Carson, Colorado

(14de Infanterie toegewys 1 Augustus 1951 aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie)

Ongeaktiveer op 1 Februarie 1957 in die Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, en terselfdertyd onthef van die toewysing by die 25ste Infanteriedivisie, herontwerp as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 3D Battle Group, 14de Infanterie

Onttrek 11 Mei 1959 van die gewone leër, toegewys aan die weermagreservaat, en word toegewys aan die 102d infanteriedivisie (organiese elemente wat terselfdertyd saamgestel word)

Battle Group is op 1 Junie 1959 geaktiveer met die hoofkwartier in Kansas City, Missouri (hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy gelyktydig gekonsolideer met hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 406ste infanterie, en gekonsolideerde eenheid aangewys as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 3d Battle Group, 14de infanterie

1 April 1963 herorganiseer en herontwerp as die 3d Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Ongeaktiveer 30 Desember 1965 in Kansas City, Missouri, en onthef van toewysing by die 102d Infanteriedivisie

Onttrek op 6 Desember 1969 uit die weermagreservaat, toegeken aan die gewone leër, toegewys aan die 25ste infanteriedivisie, en geaktiveer in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

15 Desember 1970 geïnaktiveer in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

Ontsluit 2 Maart 1986 van opdrag aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie, toegewys aan die 10de Bergafdeling, en geaktiveer in Fort Benning, Georgia

15 April 1996 geïnaktiveer by Fort Drum, New York, en onthef van toewysing by die 10de Bergafdeling

VELDOMSDELIGHEIDSKREDIET

Burgeroorlog
* Skiereiland
* Manasse
* Antietam
* Fredericksburg
Chancellorsville
Gettysburg
* Wildernis
* Spotsylvania
* Cold Harbour
* Petersburg
* Virginia 1862
* Virginia 1863

Indiese oorloë
* Klein Big Horn
* Bannocks
Arizona 1866
Wyoming 1874

Oorlog met Spanje
* Manila

China Relief Expedition
Yang-tsun
Peking

Filippynse opstand
* Manila
* Laguna de Bay
* Zapote -rivier
Kaviet
* Luzon 1899

Tweede Wereldoorlog
* Rynland
* Sentraal -Europa

Koreaanse Oorlog
* VN-somer-herfs-offensief
* Tweede Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer-herfs 1952
* Derde Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer 1953

DECORATIONS

* Presidensiële eenheid van die Republiek Korea, Streamer geborduurde MUNSAN-NI

5de Bataljon, 14de Infanterieregiment LINEAGE EN ERE


Opgestel op 3 Mei 1861 in die Gewone Weermag as Kompanie E, 2d Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Georganiseer op 8 Julie 1861 in Fort Trumbull, Connecticut

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 30 April 1862 as Kompanie E, 1ste Bataljon, 14de Infanterie

Herorganiseer en herontwerp 21 September 1866 as Kompanjie E, 14de Infanterie

Gekonsolideer 26 Julie 1869 met Kompanjie D, 45ste Infanterie, Veteraanreservaatkorps (saamgestel op 21 September 1866), en gekonsolideerde eenheid aangewys as Kompanjie E, 14de Infanterie

(14de Infanterie wat 27 Julie 1918 aan die 19de Afdeling toegewys is, word op 14 Februarie 1919 onthef van opdrag aan die 19de Afdeling wat op 10 Julie 1943 aan die 71ste Ligte Afdeling [later herontwerp as die 71ste Infanteriedivisie] onthef is, 1 Mei 1946 onthef van opdrag aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie )

Ongeaktiveer 1 September 1946 in Duitsland

Geaktiveer op 1 Oktober 1948 in Camp Carson, Colorado

(14de Infanterie toegewys 1 Augustus 1951 aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie)

Ongeaktiveer op 1 Februarie 1957 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, en terselfdertyd onthef van toewysing by die 25ste Infanteriedivisie, herontwerp as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 5th Battle Group, 14th Infantry

Herontwerp op 21 Desember 1960 as Kompanie E, 14de Infanterie

Geaktiveer op 24 Desember 1960 in Korea

Ongeaktiveer 1 Januarie 1966 in Korea

Geaktiveer op 30 Junie 1971 in Viëtnam

Ongeaktiveer 26 November 1972 in Viëtnam

Herontwerp op 16 Desember 1986 as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartierkompanie, 5de bataljon, 14de infanterie, toegewys aan die 25ste infanteriedivisie, en geaktiveer in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii (organiese elemente wat terselfdertyd saamgestel en geaktiveer is)

Bataljon het 15 Augustus 1995 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, geaktiveer en onthef van opdrag na die 25ste Infanteriedivisie

VELDOMSDELIGHEIDSKREDIET

Burgeroorlog
* Skiereiland
* Manasse
* Antietam
* Fredericksburg
* Chancellorsville
* Gettysburg
* Wildernis
* Spotsylvania
* Cold Harbour
* Petersburg
* Virginia 1862
* Virginia 1863

Indiese oorloë
Klein Groot Hoorn
* Bannocks
Arizona 1866
Wyoming 1874

Oorlog met Spanje
* Manila

China Relief Expedition
* Yang-tsun
* Peking

Filippynse opstand
* Manila
* Laguna de Bay
* Zapote -rivier
* Cavite
* Luzon 1899

Tweede Wereldoorlog
* Rynland
* Sentraal -Europa

Koreaanse Oorlog
* VN-somer-herfs-offensief
* Tweede Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer-herfs 1952
* Derde Koreaanse winter
* Korea, somer 1953

Viëtnam
* Teenaanval, Fase VII
* Konsolidasie I
* Konsolidasie II
* Skietstilstand


2de Bataljon, 5de Infanterieregiment "Bobcats"

In Maart 2008 is die 3de Brigade, 1ste Pantserdivisie gedeaktiveer en word dit weer as die 2de Brigade Gevegspan, 1ste Infanteriedivisie. Die 3de Brigade, 1st Armoured Division is daarna herorganiseer en herontwerp as die 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 'n infanterie -brigade -gevegspan, en heraktiveer in Fort Bliss, Texas. Die herorganisasie na 'n IBCT vereis die aktivering van 'n tweede infanteriebataljon as deel van die Brigade. Die 2de Bataljon, 5de Infanterie is op 16 Augustus 2009 aan die 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armoured Division, toegewys en geaktiveer in Fort Bliss, Texas.

Die 2de Bataljon, 5de Infanterieregiment, spoor sy geskiedenis terug tot 12 April 1808, toe dit die eerste keer as 'n kompanie van die 4de Infanterie saamgestel is. Dit is in Mei of Junie 1808 in New England georganiseer. Die 4de Infanterie as 'n geheel dien met lof in die oorlog van 1812 in Kanada en op Chippewa en Lundy's Lane. Die leuse van die eenheid het sy oorsprong in Lundy's Lane, waar kolonel James Miller, die eerste bevelvoerder van die regiment na die oorlog, die woorde uitgespreek het toe hy gevra is om die doelwit te bereik.

Die eenheid is tussen Mei en Oktober 1815 gekonsolideer met 'n onderneming elk van die 9de en 13de Infanterie (beide 11 Januarie 1812), 'n maatskappy van die 21ste Infanterie (26 Junie 1812 gevorm), 'n maatskappy van die 40ste Infanterie (saamgestel op 29 Januarie 1812) 1813), en 'n kompanie van die 46ste Infanterie (saamgestel op 30 Maart 1814) om 'n kompanie van die 5de Infanterieregiment te vorm. Hierdie eenheid is op 22 Mei 1816 aangewys as Kompanjie B, 5de Infanterie.

Die 5de Infanterieregiment het diens gedoen in die Mexikaanse Oorlog vanuit Palo Alto met die leër van generaal Zachary Taylor, tot by Chapultepec en Vera Cruz in 1847 by die leër van generaal Winfield Scott. Vir die 5de Infanterie was die burgeroorlog 'n rustige tyd, aangesien die regiment in New Mexico ontplooi was om die westelike flank van die Unie te beskerm en deel te neem aan klein veldtogte.

Die regiment het voor en na die burgeroorlog van Florida na Montana aan 'n aantal veldtogte teen die Indiane deelgeneem. Dit was tydens kolonel Nelson A. Miles se lang ampstermyn as bevelvoerder na die Burgeroorlog dat die Regiment 'n paar van sy mees glorieryke geskiedenis geskep het. Daar is 48 erepennings oorhandig aan soldate van die 5de Infanterie wat teen die Sioux, die Nez Perces en die Bannocks geveg het. Dit was in daardie tyd dat die Regiment sy helmteken aangeneem het. Die regiment het 54 ontvangers van die Medal of Honor voor 1869, die meeste van enige infanterieregiment gedurende daardie tydperk. Dit was die derde oudste regiment in diens.

In Junie 1869 is Kompanie B, 5de Infanterie gekonsolideer met 'n deel van Kompanjie K, 37ste Infanterie. Kompanie K, 37ste infanterie is die eerste keer op 3 Mei 1861 in die gewone leër saamgestel as kompanie K, 3de bataljon, 19de infanterie. Dit is georganiseer op 25 September 1866 in Fort Columbus, New York en herorganiseer en herontwerp op 23 November 1866 as Kompanjie K, 37ste Infanterie. Elemente van die maatskappy is in Junie 1869 gekonsolideer met beide Kompanjie A en Kompanjie B, 5de Infanterie, en gekonsolideerde eenhede aangewys as Kompanjie A en Kompanjie B, 5de Infanterie (met Kompanjie A, 5de Infanterie wat 'n aparte afstamming het).

Die regiment het tydens die Filippynse opstand beperkte optrede beleef en het deelgeneem as een van die besettingsmagte na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog. Tussen die Eerste Wêreldoorlog en tot in die tussenoorlog is die eenheid in verskillende afdelings binne die Amerikaanse weermag ingedeel. Die 5de Infanterie is op 27 Julie 1918 aan die 17de Afdeling toegewys, voordat hy op 10 Februarie 1919 van die opdrag na die 17de Afdeling onthef is. Dit is op 24 Maart 1923 aan die 9de Afdeling toegewys en daarna op 15 Augustus 1927 onthef van die opdrag na die 9de Afdeling. Destyds was dit toegewys aan die 5de afdeling. Dit is op 1 Oktober 1933 onthef van toewysing na die 5de Afdeling en na die 9de Afdeling oorgedra.

Die 5de Infanterie is op 15 Julie 1940 onthef van toewysing aan die 9de Afdeling. Dit is op 10 Julie 1943 aan die 71ste Ligte Afdeling (later herontwerp as die 71ste Infanteriedivisie) toegewys. Tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het die 5de Infanterie op 2 Februarie 1945 in Frankryk geland, waar dit deelgeneem het aan die Rynland -veldtog en in Oostenryk met die 71ste Infanteriedivisie. Die 5de Infanterie is op 1 Mei 1946 onthef van toewysing aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie. Kompanie B, 5de infanterie is op 15 November 1946 in Oostenryk geïnaktiveer.

Kompanjie B, 5de infanterie en die res van die regiment is op 1 Januarie 1949 in Korea geaktiveer. Dit het deur die hele konflik gedien en aan 11 veldtogte deelgeneem. Gevegte waar die regiment uiters dapper was, sluit in die Punchbowl, Congnae-Dong en Chinju (waar die regiment die presidensiële eenheidsitaat ontvang het).

Na die Koreaanse Oorlog is die Regiment op 10 Oktober 1954 aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie toegewys. Dit is op 25 Augustus 1956 onthef van toewysing aan die 71ste Infanteriedivisie en op 1 September 1956 aan die 8ste Infanteriedivisie. Die eenheid is op 1 Augustus 1957 in Duitsland geaktiveer en onthef van die opdrag na die 8ste Infanteriedivisie. Dit is op 19 November 1957 herontwerp as hoofkwartier en hoofkwartiermaatskappy, 2de Slaggroep, 5de Infanterie, met sy organiese elemente gelyktydig saamgestel. Dit is op 1 Desember 1957 aan die 9de Infanteriedivisie toegewys en geaktiveer in Fort Carson, Colorado. Dit is op 31 Januarie 1962 in Fort Carson, Colorado, geaktiveer en onthef van die opdrag aan die 9de Infanteriedivisie.

Die eenheid is op 6 Desember 1969 herontwerp as die 2de Bataljon, 5de Infanterie. Dit is tegelykertyd aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie toegewys en geaktiveer in die Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. Daar is dit op 5 Junie 1972 geïnaktiveer en onthef van opdrag na die 25ste Infanteriedivisie.

Die bataljon is op 16 Augustus 1995 weer na die 25ste Infanteriedivisie toegewys en geaktiveer in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.

Die Bataljon is op 1 Oktober 2005 herontwerp as die 2d Bataljon, 5de Infanterieregiment. Dit is op 15 November 2005 in Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, geaktiveer en onthef van die opdrag aan die 25ste Infanteriedivisie. Dit was deel van die transformasie van die 3de Brigade, 25ste Infanteriedivisie na die nuwe modulêre magstruktuur van die Amerikaanse weermag. As deel van die transformasie is die bataljon geïnaktiveer en weer as die 3de eskader, 4de Kavalerie, teruggekeer.

Die bataljon is op 16 Augustus 2009 aan die 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armoured Division, toegewys en geaktiveer in Fort Bliss, Texas. Hierdie aktivering was deel van beide die transformasie van die 3de Brigade -gevegspan na die modulêre magstruktuur van die weermag, maar ook die omskakeling van die brigade van 'n swaar brigade na 'n infanterie -brigade -gevegspan.


Dankie!

Op soek na verder suid na die ware oorsprong van die vakansie, het Gardiner en Bellware koerantknipsels gegrawe wat daarop dui dat 'n weduwee in Columbus, Ga., Moontlik eers die idee gehad het.

Daar word vermoed dat Mary Ann Williams, sekretaris van die Ladies ’ Memorial Association of Columbus, Ga. A letter she wrote urging Southerners to come together one day a year to put flowers on the graves of the fallen was published in the Columbus Daily Sun in early March 1866.

“We cannot raise monumental shafts, and inscribe thereon their many deeds of heroism, but we can keep alive the memory of the debt we owe them by dedicating at least one day in each year to embellishing their humble graves with flowers,” she wrote. She proposed that April would be a good time for such an event &mdash in the South, April is a great time for flowers &mdash but originally asked for suggestions about which precise date would be best. The suggestion that ended up most widely published was April 26, the first anniversary of the Confederate surrender in North Carolina, which came just a few weeks after the better known surrender at Appomattox.

That letter got picked up throughout the state within a couple of weeks, and syndicated nationwide over the next month. But another misprint in a newspaper would preclude the holiday’s inventors from being the first to celebrate the holiday.

That honor, coincidentally and confusingly enough, has gone to residents of 'n ander American city named Columbus.

Gardiner says there’s enough primary evidence to prove that women in the Civil War hospital town of Columbus, Miss., celebrated the first Memorial Day because they followed what was written in March 1866 articles that appeared in the Memphis Daily Avalanche and the Pulaski Burger. Those stories reported that Columbus, Ga., was urging people to celebrate April 25 instead of April 26 as Memorial Day. The fact that they celebrated a day before most people is why people such as President Barack Obama have given them the credit for celebrating Memorial Day, even if experts such as Gardiner say it wasn’t their idea.

Newspapers reporting on those early Memorial Day celebrations noted that ladies throughout the South were leaving flowers not only on the graves of Confederate soldiers, but also of Union soldiers. As a May 9, 1866, article in the New York Commercial Advertiser, described the gesture made by Columbus, Ga., attendees, “Let this incident, touching and beautiful as it is, impart to our Washington authorities a lesson in conciliation, forbearance, and brotherly love.” A May 30, 1866, Cleveland Plain Dealer article said of the gesture made by Columbus, Miss., attendees, “It kindles a spark of hope…We have one God one language, on Government and may we not hope that we shall eventually become indeed one people.”

After reading an account of the Columbus, Miss., celebration, Ithaca lawyer Francis M. Finch was inspired to write a poem “The Blue and the Gray,&rdquo published in the Atlantic Maandeliks in Sep. 1867, which is thought to have spread the word even further about Southern Memorial Day celebrations.

General John A. Logan, who ran the Union Army veterans organization the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), must have heard of the 1866 Memorial Day activities in Georgia. In a speech he delivered in Salem, Ill., that summer, he commented derisively on the &ldquotraitors in the South [who] have their gatherings day after day and strew garlands upon the graves of rebel soldiers.” Yet nearly two years later, on May 5, 1868, he issued a proclamation from his Washington, D.C., office urging members of the GAR to celebrate Memorial Day &mdash “Decoration Day,” as he called it &mdash on May 30. By then, he believed, the “choicest flowers of springtime” would have bloomed. The press reported on the proclamation, and it stuck.

So the women of Columbus pioneered the idea but Logan made it go national, Gardiner’s and Bellware’s research argues.

Congress made May 30 a national holiday in 1889. (A 1968 law moved it to the last Monday in May.) Perhaps not surprisingly, around the turn of the 20th century, more towns and cities start claiming they started Memorial Day.

The confusion is understandable.

“So many people are claiming they started Memorial Day because they remember a cemetery dedication or remember going to a graveyard and throwing flowers on graves earlier than 1866,” says Gardiner. “In many cases they’re telling the truth. But, in my view, they didn&rsquot necessarily start an annual tradition. They didn&rsquot say, ‘Let&rsquos do this every year.'”


On July 28, 1866, the Thirty-Ninth Congress passed the Act to increase and fix the Military Peace Establishment of the United States thus the federal government created six all-Colored Army Regiments. The units identified as the 9th and 10th Colored Cavalry Regiments and the 38th, &hellip Read More Formation of the Buffalo Soldiers, 1866

The Tampa Bay Race Riot was one of dozens of race riots that occurred in U.S. cities during the spring and summer of 1967. The riot took place between June 11 and June 14, 1967 after nineteen-year-old Martin Chambers who was a suspect in the &hellip Read More Tampa Bay Race Riot (1967)


L'Illustration

L'Illustration began in 1843, and ran until 1944. No issue copyright renewals were found for this serial. The first copyright-renewed contribution is from April 13, 1929. (More details) After the end of World War II, a successor magazine, France Illustration, ran from 1945 into the 1950s before ending.

Aanhoudende argiewe van volledige kwessies

  • 1843-1844, 1850-1851, 1873, 1891, 1905, 1913-1914: Project Gutenberg has illustrated transcriptions of selected issues, including some not included in any of the other links on this page.
  • 1843: The Internet Archive has volume 1, covering March-August 1843.
  • 1843-1844: The Internet Archive has volume 2, covering September 1843-February 1844.
  • 1844: The Internet Archive has volume 3, covering March-August 1844.
  • 1844-1845: The Internet Archive has volume 4, covering September 1844-February 1845.
  • 1845: The Internet Archive has volume 5, covering March-August 1845.
  • 1845-1846: The Internet Archive has volume 6, covering September 1845-February 1846.
  • 1846: The Internet Archive has volume 7, covering March-August 1846.
  • 1846-1847: The Internet Archive has volume 8, covering September 1846-February 1847.
  • 1847: The Internet Archive has volume 9, covering March-August 1847.
  • 1847-1848: The Internet Archive has volume 10, covering September 1847-February 1848.
  • 1848: Google Books has volume 11, covering March-August 1848.
  • 1848-1849: The Internet Archive has volume 12, covering September 1848-February 1849.
  • 1849: HathiTrust has volume 13, covering March-August 1849.
  • 1849: HathiTrust has volume 14, covering September-December 1849.
  • 1850: The Internet Archive has volume 15, covering January-June 1850.
  • 1850: The Internet Archive has volume 16, covering July-December 1850.
  • 1851: HathiTrust has volume 17, covering January-June 1851.
  • 1851: HathiTrust has volume 18, covering July-December 1851.
  • 1852: HathiTrust has volume 19, covering January-June 1852.
  • 1852: HathiTrust has volume 20, covering July-December 1852.
  • 1853: HathiTrust has volume 22, covering July-December 1853.
  • 1854: HathiTrust has volume 23, covering January-June 1854.
  • 1854: HathiTrust has volume 24, covering July-December 1854.
  • 1855: HathiTrust has volume 25, covering January-June 1855.
  • 1855: HathiTrust has volume 26, covering July-December 1855.
  • 1856: HathiTrust has volume 28, covering July-December 1856.
  • 1857: HathiTrust has volume 29, covering January-June 1857.
  • 1857: HathiTrust has volume 30, covering July-December 1857.
  • 1858: HathiTrust has volume 31, covering January-June 1858.
  • 1858: HathiTrust has volume 32, covering July-December 1858.
  • 1859: HathiTrust has volume 34, covering July-December 1859.
  • 1860: HathiTrust has volumes 35 and 36, covering 1860.
  • 1861: HathiTrust has volume 37, covering January-June 1861.
  • 1861: HathiTrust has volume 38, covering July-December 1861.
  • 1862: HathiTrust has volume 39, covering January-June 1862.
  • 1862: HathiTrust has volume 40, covering July-December 1862.
  • 1863: HathiTrust has volume 41, covering January-June 1863.
  • 1863: HathiTrust has volume 42, covering July-December 1863.
  • 1864: HathiTrust has volume 43, covering January-June 1864.
  • 1864: HathiTrust has volume 44, covering July-December 1864.
  • 1865: HathiTrust has volume 45, covering January-June 1865.
  • 1865: HathiTrust has volume 46, covering July-December 1865.
  • 1866: HathiTrust has volume 47, covering January-June 1866.
  • 1866: HathiTrust has volume 48, covering July-December 1866.
  • 1867: HathiTrust has volume 49, covering January-June 1867.
  • 1867: HathiTrust has volume 50, covering July-December 1867.
  • 1868: HathiTrust has volume 51, covering January-June 1868.
  • 1868: HathiTrust has volume 52, covering July-December 1868.
  • 1869: HathiTrust has volume 53, covering January-June 1869.
  • 1869: HathiTrust has volume 54, covering July-December 1869.
  • 1870: HathiTrust has volume 56, covering July-December 1870.
  • 1871: HathiTrust has volume 57, covering January-June 1871.
  • 1871: HathiTrust has volume 58, covering July-December 1871.
  • 1872: HathiTrust has volume 59, covering January-June 1872.
  • 1872: HathiTrust has volume 60, covering July-December 1872.
  • 1873: HathiTrust has volume 61, covering January-June 1872.
  • 1873: HathiTrust has volume 62, covering July-December 1873.
  • 1874: HathiTrust has volume 63, covering January-June 1874.
  • 1876: HathiTrust has volume 66, covering January-June 1876.
  • 1877: HathiTrust has volume 68, covering January-June 1877.
  • 1877: HathiTrust has volume 69, covering July-December 1877.
  • 1878: Issuu has number 1831, dated March 30, 1878.
  • 1878: HathiTrust has volume 72, covering July-December 1878.
  • 1879: HathiTrust has volume 74, covering July-December 1879.
  • 1881: HathiTrust has volume 78, covering July-December 1881.
  • 1884: HathiTrust has volume 83, covering January-June 1884.
  • 1884: HathiTrust has volume 84, covering July-December 1884.
  • 1886: HathiTrust has volume 88, covering July-December 1886.
  • 1903: HathiTrust has volume 122, covering August-December 1903. (Poor scan with only fragments of some pages.) May not be accessible from outside the United States.
  • 1907: HathiTrust has volume 129, covering January-June 1907. Imperfect scan but mostly readable. May not be accessible from outside the United States.
  • 1907: Manioc has number 3358, dated July 6, 1907.
  • 1908: HathiTrust has volume 132, covering July-December 1908. May not be accessible from outside the United States.
  • 1910-1925: HathiTrust has most issues from 1910 through 1925. Access may be restricted outside the United States.

Amptelike webwerf / huidige materiaal

  • An offical Illustration site has information about the publication, and gives access to selected back issues, mostly by subscription but with some free samples.

Verwante hulpbronne

Dit is 'n rekord van 'n groot reeks argief. Hierdie bladsy word onderhou vir The Online Books Page. (Sien ons kriteria vir die lys van reeksargiewe.) Hierdie bladsy het geen verband met die reeks of die uitgewer daarvan nie.


Combat of Liebenau, 26 June 1866 - History

We are delighted that you are interested in learning more about the unparalleled cultural heritage and history of the Muscogee Creek Indian Freedmen! Our desire is that the untold history of the African Creek Indian is presented factually through historical documents, and preserved in the pages of history.

Our website is designed to serve two purposes. First, it will serve as a resource, providing historical facts regarding the history and cultural heritage of the African Creek Indian Freedmen. Second, it will provide information regarding our plight as citizens of the Muscogee Creek Nation as it pertains to our political rights, defined by the Creek Treaty of 1866, Article 2.

In addition, educational programs will be implemented that reflect the accurate history of the African Creek Indian
Freedmen. Check with us periodically for updates and calendar events that include conferences, genealogy workshops, museum exhibits, and other community and preservation projects. Don’t forget to view our Little Known History tab for information regarding the history of the Creek Indian Freedmen.

The MCIFB is operated by the descendants of Creek Indian Freedmen designated as Freedmen by the Dawes Commission in the late 1800’s.

Treaty of 1866
Article 2 of the Creek Treaty of June 14, 1866, it is provided that

The Creeks hereby covenant and agree that henceforth neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted in accordance with laws applicable to all members of said tribe, shall ever exist in said nation and inasmuch as there are among the Creeks many persons of African descent, who have no interest in the soil, it is stipulated that hereafter these persons lawfully residing in said Creek country under their laws and usages, or who have been thus residing in said country, and may return within one year from the ratification of this treaty, and their descendants and such others of the same race as may be permitted by the laws of the said nation to settle within the limits of the jurisdiction of the Creek Nation as citizens [thereof,] shall have and enjoy all the rights and privileges of native citizens, including an equal interest in the soil and national funds, and the laws of the said nation shall be equally binding upon and give equal protection to all such persons.

The MCIFB Disclaimer
***The Muscogee Creek Indian Freedmen Band is not a Federally Recognized Tribe. We do not receive federal, tribal benefits such as medical, housing, dental, etc.***

MCIFB is a 501 (c) (3)
charitable organization. Our tax ID number is
27-1308724. Your gift is tax deductible to the full extent provided by law.


Legends of America

Indian Attack on a Wagon Train by Charles Marion Russell

As more and more emigrants began to pass through Wyoming on their way west, the Native Americans who called the region home or used it as hunting grounds, began to resent the traffic through their lands, especially after the California Gold Rush. As a result, the U.S. government began to negotiate with the Plains tribes living between the Arkansas and Missouri Rivers to ensure a protected right-of-way for the many travelers. To accomplish this the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 was signed with representatives of the Cheyenne Sioux, Arapaho, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara nations on September 17, 1851. The treaty set forth the Indians’ traditional territorial claims, guaranteed safe passage for settlers, and allowed the government to build forts and roads across the territories. In return, the government was to provide annuities of $50,000 for fifty years to the tribes. Later, the U.S. Senate ratified the treaty, adding Article 5, which adjusted the compensation from fifty to ten years, if the tribes accepted the changes. All tribes accepted the change with the exception of the Crow.

The treaty produced a brief period of peace but, as several tribes did not receive the commodities promised as payments and the government chose not to enforce the treaty to keep out the emigrants, especially during the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush of 1858, the tribes began to retaliate. As attacks began on settlers intruding upon their lands, the military presence along the trails was increased and a number of forts were established. When the Bozeman Trail was blazed in 1864, yet more emigrants intruded on Indian lands resulting in more attacks. As a result, Major General Grenville M. Dodge ordered the first Powder River Expedition to attempt to quell the violence in 1865. The expedition ended in a battle against the Arapaho in the Battle of Tongue River. However, the fighting escalated again the very next year in what has become known as Red Cloud’s War which was the first major military conflict between the United States and the Wyoming Indian tribes. The second Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 ended the war by closing the Powder River Country to white settlers.

This treaty was also broken by miners who flocked to the Black Hills after gold was discovered. This land, sacred to the Sioux, led to the Black Hills War, which was fought mainly along the border of Wyoming and Montana.

A number of skirmishes, battles, and massacres occurred during these turbulent years. Fort Phil Kearny saw some of the most dramatic incidents such as the Wagon Box Fight and the Fetterman Massacre.


Combat of Liebenau, 26 June 1866 - History


Appendix 1: Commanding Officers of Fort Union, 1851㭗

Beampte Ranglys Eenheid Period served
Edmond B. Alexander 1 Capt. and bvt. lt. kol. 3d Infantry July 26, 1851—Apr. 22, 1852.
James H. Carleton 2 Capt. and bvt. maj. 1st Dragoons Apr. 22, 1852—Aug. 3, 1852.
William T. H. Brooks Capt. and bvt. maj. 3d Infantry Aug. 3, 1852—Dec. 18, 1852.
Gouverneur Morris Maj. 3d Infantry Dec. 18, 1852—June 30, 1853.
Horace Brooks Capt. and bvt. lt. kol. 2d Artillery June 30, 1853—Aug. 3, 1853.
Nathanial C. Macrae 3 Capt. 3d Infantry Aug. 3, 1853—Nov. 4, 1853.
Philip St. George Cooke 4 Lt. col. 2d Dragoons Nov. 4, 1853—Sept. 17, 1854.
Thomas T. Fauntleroy 5 Col. 1st Dragoons Sept. 17, 1854—June 29, 1856.
William N. Grier Capt. and bvt. maj. 1st Dragoons June 29, 1856—Aug. 21, 1856.
Henry B. Clitz 1st lt. 3d Infantry Aug. 21, 1856—Sept. 27, 1856.
William W. Loring 6 Col. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Sept. 27, 1856—May 35, 1859.
John S. Simonson Maj. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. May 31, 1859—June 7, 1859.
Robert M. Morris Capt. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. June 7, 1859—Oct. 22, 1859.
John S. Simonson Maj. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Oct. 22, 1859—Aug. 15, 1860.
Charles F. Ruff Maj. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Aug. 15, 1860— Sept. 17, 1860.
George B. Crittenden 7 Lt. col. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Sept. 17, 1860—Feb. 28, 1861.
Thomas Duncan Capt. Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Feb. 28, 1861—May 18, 1861.
Henry Hopkins Sibley 8 Maj. 1st Dragoons May 18, 1861—June 13, 1861.
William Chapman Maj. and bvt. lt. kol. 2d Infantry June 23, 1861—Dec. 9, 1861.
Gabriel R. Paul Col. 4th New Mexico Infantry. Dec. 9, 1861—Apr. 6, 1862,
Asa B. Carey Capt. 13th Infantry Apr. 6, 1862—June 4, 1862.
Peter W. L. Plympton Capt. 7th Infantry June 4, 1862—Aug. 1862.
Henry D. Wallen Maj. 7th Infantry Aug. 1862—Sept. 25, 1862.
Peter W. L. Plympton Capt. 7th Infantry Sept. 25, 1862—Aug. 12, 1863.
William R. McMullen Capt. 1st California Infantry. Aug. 12, 1863—Sept. 1, 1864.
Henry R. Selden 9 Col. 1st New Mexico Infantry. Sept. 1, 1864—Jan. 1865.
Francisco P. Abreu Lt. col. 1st New Mexico Infantry. Jan. 1865—Aug. 1865.
Edward B. Ellis Lt. col. 1st New Mexico Infantry. Aug. 1865—Dec. 23, 1865.
Christopher Carson 10 Col. 1st New Mexico Cavalry. Dec. 23, 1865—Apr. 21, 1866.
John Thompson Maj. 1st New Mexico Cavalry. Apr. 22, 1866—Aug. 22, 1866.
Elisha G. Marshall Col. and bvt. brig. gen. 5th Infantry Aug. 12, 1866—Feb. 20, 1867.
William B. Lane Maj. and bvt. lt. kol. 3d Cavalry Feb. 20, 1867—Oct. 15, 1867.
John R. Brooke 11 Lt. col. and bvt. brig. gen. 37th Infantry Oct. 25, 1867—July 22, 1868.
William N. Grier 12 Col. and bvt. brig. gen. 3d Cavalry July 12, 1868—June 1, 1870.
J. Irvin Gregg Col. and bvt. brig. gen. 8th Cavalry June 1, 1870—Aug. 28, 1873.
John W. Eckles 1st lt. and bvt. maj. 15th Infantry Aug. 28, 1873—Sept. 15, 1873.
Andrew J. Alexander Maj. and bvt. brig. gen. 8th Cavalry Sept. 15, 1873—July 9, 1874.
Henry A. Ellis Capt. 15th Infantry July 9, 1874—Nov. 21, 1875.
James M. Ropes 1st lt. 8th Cavalry Nov. 21, 1875—Dec. 20, 1875.
James F. Wade 13 Maj. and bvt. brig. gen. 9th Cavalry Dec. 20, 1875—Nov. 24, 1876.
Nathan A. M. Dudley 14 Lt. col. and bvt. kol. 9th Cavalry Nov. 24, 1876—Aug. 23, 1877.
Edward W. Whittemore Capt. and bvt. maj. 15th Infantry Aug. 23, 1877—Sept. 3, 1877.
A. P. Morrow Maj. 9th Cavalry Sept. 3, 1877—Nov. 26, 1877.
Edward W. Whittemore Capt. and bvt. maj. 15th Infantry Nov. 26, 1877—Jan. 14, 1880.
Nathan A. M. Dudley Lt. col. and bvt. kol. 9th Cavalry Jan. 24, 1880—June 1880.
Edward W. Whittemore Capt. and bvt. maj. 15th Infantry June 1880—July 1880.
Harrison S. Weeks 1st lt. 8th Cavalry July 1880—Oct. 25, 1880.
John B. Parke Capt. and bvt. lt. kol. 10th Infantry Oct. 25, 1880—Nov. 1880.
Harrison S. Weeks 1st lt. 8th Cavalry Nov. 1880—Dec. 9, 1880.
Edward W. Whittemore Capt. 15th Infantry Dec. 9, 1880—Feb. 25, 1881.
Nathan W. Osborne Maj. 15th Infantry Feb. 25, 1881—June 11, 1881.
Edward W. Whittemore Capt. 15th Infantry June 11, 1881—Aug. 13, 1881.
James J. Van Horn Maj. 13th Infantry Aug. 13, 1881—Sept. 4, 1881.
Harrison S. Weeks 1st lt. 8th Cavalry Sept. 4, 1881 Oct. 22, 1881.
Granville O. Haller Col. 23d Infantry Oct. 21, 1881—Feb. 8, 1882.
George K. Brady Capt. and bvt. lt. kol. 23d Infantry Feb. 8, 1882—May 29, 1882.
Thomas MacK. Smith Capt. 23d Infantry May 29, 1882—July 12, 1882,
George K. Brady Capt. and bvt. lt. kol. 23d Infantry July 12, 1882—Oct. 16, 1882.
Henry M. Black Col. 23d Infantry Oct. 16, 1882—Jan. 6, 1884.
Henry R Mizner Lt. col. 10th Infantry Jan 6, 1884—Aug. 10, 1885.
Henry Douglass Col. 10th Infantry Aug. 10, 1885—Dec. 31, 1888.
A. P. Morrow Lt. col. 6th Cavalry Dec. 31, 1888—Dec. 2, 1890.
Edward W. Whittemore 15 Maj. 10th Infantry Dec. 2, 1890—Feb. 21, 1892.
John H. Schollenberger 1st lt. 10th Infantry Feb. 21, 1891—May 15, 1892.

[Note: Post commanders frequently were absent on field or detached Service. At such times the next ranking officer acted as post commander. Acting post commanders are not shown on this list. At other times an officer senior to the post commander served for a short period at the fort and by virtue of superior rank took temporary command of the post until his departure, when the command reverted to the previous incumbent. These officers are not listed either. Brevet (Bvt.) ranks were conferred for gallant or meritorious service. If ordered by proper authority, an officer might serve and be paid in his brevet rank. This happened frequently before the Civil War but was rare after the war, when more high-ranking officers were available for top commands]

1 Although Fort Union was established by Col. E. V. Sumner, he remained department commander while Captain Alexander served as post commander. Alexander received a brevet of brigadier general in 1865 for meritorious service in recruiting Federal armies during the Civil War.

2 Carleton played a conspicuous role in New Mexico history. After the outbreak of the Civil War, he raised and commanded a brigade of California volunteers that helped free New Mexico of Confederate invaders. As commander of the Department of New Mexico from 1862 to 1866, he prosecuted vigorous campaigns against the hostile Apaches and Navajos. At the close of the war he held commissions of major general of volunteers and brevet major general of the Regular Army, but in the post-war reduction of the Army received a regular commission as lieutenant colonel of the 4th Cavalry. He died in 1873.

3 Macrae's career illustrates the slow promotion that was the lot of many frontier officers. Graduating from West Point in 1826, he was posted as 2d lieutenant to the 3d Infantry. Promotion to 1st lieutenant came in 1835, to captain in 1839. After 18 years as a captain he reached the rank of major in 1857 and retired in 1861, having served 35 years in the same regiment. In 1865 the Army recognized his "long and faithful service" by awarding him brevets of lieutenant colonel and colonel. He died in 1878.

4 Cooke's career spanned almost the entire era of the opening of the West, and he himself played a prominent role in the westward movement. He graduated from West Point in 1827, and after 6 years as an infantryman became an officer in the 1st Dragoons. Thereafter he was identified exclusively with the mounted arm, whose organization, equipment, and concept of employment he profoundly influenced through published writings. One of Gen. Stephen W. Kearny's most trusted officers in the conquest of the Southwest during the Mexican War, Cooke led the Mormon Battalion in opening a wagon road from Santa Fe to San Diego, a road used by thousands of immigrants in the California gold rush. He became colonel of the 2d Dragoons in 1859 and brigadier general in 1861. One of the frontier army's outstanding officers, he proved less brilliant in the ""civilized" combat of the Civil War. He retired in 1873 and died in 1895.

5 Fauntleroy is chiefly remembered for his frontier service before the Civil War, especially in the victorious Ute Campaign of 1855. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he resigned from the U.S. Army and accepted a commission in the Confederate Army as brigadier general of Virginia volunteers. He died in 1883.

6 Loring's career was diverse and colorful. He served as an officer in the Florida volunteers during the Seminole war in 1837 and in 1846, with the outbreak of the Mexican War, he received an appointment as captain in the newly formed Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Brevetted for gallantry at Contreras, Churubusco, and Chapultepec (where he lost an arm), he rose through the ranks to command the Mounted Riflemen. Resigning his commission in 1861, he cast his lot with the Confederacy and served with distinction as a major general. After Appomattox he led a group of ex-Confederates abroad to join the armies of the Khedive of Egypt. For 10 years Loring fought for the Khedive, rising to the rank of general of division before returning to the United States and retirement.

7 One of the prominent Kentucky Crittendens, George B. Crittenden had been with the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen since 1846. Brevetted for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco in 1847, he had been cashiered from the Army the same year and reinstated the following year. He resigned in 1861 and became a major general in the Confederate Army. He died in 1880.

8 Sibley was promoted to major, 1st Dragoons, on May 13, 1861, and on the same day submitted his resignation from the Army. Five days later, while awaiting action on the resignation, he assumed command of Fort Union. On June 13, acceptance having reached him, he turned over command of Fort Union to Major Chapman and left for the South. The following year, 1862, he was back in New Mexico as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army leading the abortive invasion of New Mexico.

9 Colonel Selden died at Fort Union in 1865, and Fort Selden, established in the spring of that year on the Rio Grande at the southern end of the Jornado del Muerro, was named for him.

10 The legendary Kit Carson, trapper, hunter, explorer, guide, and soldier, led his New Mexico volunteer cavalry in several outstanding campaigns against hostile Indians during the Civil War years. Brevetted brigadier general of volunteers in March 1865 for gallantry in the Battle of Valverde and distinguished service against hostile Indians, Carson was mustered our of the volunteer service on Nov. 22, 1867. He died the following year.

11 Brooke had risen from captain to brigadier general of volunteers during the Civil War and had been brevetted for gallantry at Gettysburg and Spotsylvania Court House. At the close of the war he accepted a Regular Army commission. As brigadier general in 1890㭗, he managed the campaign against the Sioux Ghost Dancers at Pine Ridge Agency, S. Dak., and as a major general fought in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. He retired in 1902.

12 As a captain, Grier had commanded Fort Union in 1856.

13 Major Wade was the son of the powerful Republican senator from Ohio, Benjamin F. Wade. Later, in 1886, as lieutenant colonel of the 9th Cavalry, Wade managed the removal of the Chiricahua Apaches from San Carlos Agency, Ariz., to Florida, a move that proved instrumental in persuading Geronimo to surrender. During the Spanish-American War, Wade served as a major general of volunteers, and in 1903 attained the rank of major general in the Regular Army.

14 The New Mexico historian W. A. Keleher says this about Dudley: ". . . stormy petrel of the military in the Southwest for over a decade. . . . On November 26, 1877, Dudley, then commanding officer at Fort Union, New Mexico, was tried before a court martial on several charges, including alleged disobedience of orders of Brig. Gen. John Pope, commanding the Department of Missouri villification of and refusal to cooperate with Capt. A. S. Kimball, when ordered to do so by Col. Edward Hatch, commanding the Ninth Cavalry drunkenness while on duty on April 27, 1877. Dudley was found guilty of some of the charges, not guilty of others, suspended from rank, relieved of command at Fort Union, and deprived of half-pay for three months. On March 8, 1878, Gen. W. T. Sherman ordered the unexecuted portion of the sentence remitted." This was Dudley's second court-martial, the first having occurred at Camp McDowell, Ariz., in 1871. In April 1878 he took command at Fort Stanton, N. Mex., and immediately became involved in the famous Lincoln County war between rival factions of cattlemen. His role in this affair is still controversial. He retired as colonel of the 1st Cavalry in 1889 and spent some years attempting to vindicate his reputation.

15 Whittemore holds the record for number of separate tours as post commander at Fort Union, having served in that capacity eight times between 1876 and 1891.


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