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MANSFIELD LOVELL, CSA - Geskiedenis

MANSFIELD LOVELL, CSA - Geskiedenis


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ALGEMEEN MANSFIELD LOVELL, CSA
VITALE STATISTIEK
GEBORE: 1822 in District of Columbia.
STERF: 1884 in New York, City, NY.
Veldtogte: New Orleans, Corinth en Coffeeville.
HOOGSTE PUNT BEHALTE: Generaal-majoor
BIOGRAFIE
Mansfield Lovell is gebore in die District of Columbia, op 20 Oktober 1822. Hy studeer in 1842 aan West Point en word in diens geneem in die Amerikaanse artillerie. Hy is in die Mexikaanse Oorlog gewond en kortgekrap, en bedank toe uit die weermag in 1854. Hy werk in die sakewêreld in New York, werk by die stadsstraatkommissie en bedank in September 1861 om 'n offisier in die Konfederale weermag te word. Hy is op 7 Oktober 1861 as generaal -majoor aangestel en het die bevel oor die verdediging van New Orleans geneem en gehelp om die Confederate River Defense Fleet te skep. Hy was bekend daarvoor dat hy alkohol geniet en die plesier van die hotellewe. Nadat hy gespog het oor die verdediging van New Orleans, het hy onbewustelik die inligting verskaf wat die Unie nodig gehad het om die Konfederasie uit New Orleans te verdryf. Lovell is toe aangewys as bevelvoerder van 'n infanteriedivisie in die Slag van Korinte, wat hy swak gelei het. Hy was beter in die verlowing van Coffeeville, en hy is onthef van bevel omdat hy New Orleans verloor het. Lovell het 'n ondersoekhof versoek wat in April 1863 vergader het. Hoewel die Konfederale hof hom onskuldig bevind het van die aanklagte van onbevoegdheid, het hy geen opdragte gekry vir die res van die burgeroorlog nie. Na die oorlog keer hy terug na New York, waar hy as siviele ingenieur werk. Lovell is op 1 Junie 1884 in New York oorlede.

Mansfield Lovell

Lovell was 'n bekwame bevelvoerder, maar hy het die ongeluk gehad om te probeer verdedig met 'n swak plek in New Orleans teen superieure Unie -magte. Hy is daarna amptelik vrygespreek vir die verlies, en was daarna nooit ten volle vertrou nie en het die balans van die burgeroorlog in klein bevele deurgebring.

Mansfield Lovell is gebore in Washington, DC, op 20 Oktober 1822, die seun van 'n weermagchirurg, genl. Joseph Lovell. Hy is in 1838 toegelaat by die Amerikaanse Militêre Akademie en studeer vier jaar later, negende in 'n klas van 56. In diens van 'n tweede luitenant in die Vierde Amerikaanse Artillerie het Lovell vir diens in Texas aangemeld en 'n paar jaar garnisoenplig uitgevoer onder genl Zachary. Taylor. Toe die Mexikaanse-Amerikaanse oorlog in 1846 uitbreek, het hy Taylor se inval in die noorde van Mexiko vergesel. Terwyl hy herstel het, het hy as assistent vir genl John A. Quitman gedien. Die volgende jaar het Lovell hom aangesluit by genl Winfield Scott ’s -kolom toe dit na Mexico City gevorder het. Hy veg opvallend tydens die storm van Chapultepec op 14 September 1847 en ontvang 'n tweede promosie vir kaptein. Hy dien nog 'n paar jaar aan grensdiens tot 1854, en bedank daarna sy opdrag om by 'n ysterfabriek in New Jersey te werk. In 1858 verhuis Lovell na New York, word hy die eerste superintendent van straatverbetering en raak hy bevriend met Gustavus W. Smith, 'n toekomstige Konfederale generaal. Toe die burgeroorlog in April 1861 begin, vertrek Smith onmiddellik, maar Lovell het 'n paar maande besluiteloos by New York vertoef. Hy het in September uiteindelik sy dienste aan die Konfederasie gelewer, maar die vertraging het groot agterdog veroorsaak oor sy werklike lojaliteit.

Lovell het voor die oorlog 'n onberispelike militêre reputasie geniet, en op 7 Oktober 1861 kry hy 'n aanstelling as generaal -majoor. Verder is hy toevertrou aan die bevel van departement nr. 1-die stad New Orleans. Hierdie strategiese ligging beheer die toegang van die Mississippirivier tot die Golf van Mexiko en het ook alle vooruitgang van die Unie teen die magtige waterweg belemmer. Toe Lovell in New Orleans aankom, was hy ontsteld dat die mannekrag van die stad gestroop is vir diens in ander teaters. Sy bevel bestaan ​​uit slegs 4500 swak opgeleide en swak bewapende milisie en 'n handjievol stoomskepe wat in aanbou is. Nietemin het hy hom gewy aan die verdediging van New Orleans met lofwaardige energie. Hy versterk veral die Fort St. Philip en Jackson, wat die benaderings op die Mississippi, 75 myl stroomaf, beheer het. Dit was die belangrikste verdediging van die stad, en daar is gehoop dat hulle teenwoordigheid 'n vloot van die Unie sou weerhou om te verbygaan. Die hele skema was baie minder bevredigend, maar Lovell, wat toegewy is aan drank en roem, het dit aan die Suidelike pers duidelik gemaak dat die stad gehou kan word.

Op 8 April 1862 het 'n vloot onder adm. David G. Farragut en kmdt. David D. Porter verskyn in die monding van die rivier, blykbaar daarop ingestel om New Orleans te verower. Twee dae lank het Porter se geweerbote Fort Jackson met min sukses geslaan. Hulle mislukking het Farragut daartoe gelei om snags verby die forte te hardloop, wat op 24 April 1862 briljant bereik is. Nadat hulle 'n groot leër onder genl Benjamin F. Butler geland het, het die vloot stroomop geloop en langs die onbeskermde stad opgetrek. Lovell, wat die hopeloosheid van sy situasie besef, het sy troepe onmiddellik ontruim en noordwaarts opgeruk. Hy is in die Konfederale pers krities gekritiseer, maar verskeie militêre figure, veral genl Robert E. Lee, getuig van die korrektheid van sy terugtrekking. 'N Ondersoekhof het hom ook van die verantwoordelikheid vir die verlies van New Orleans onthef, maar 'n fluisterveldtog oor sy beweerde ontrouheid duur voort.

Teen die herfs van 1862 was Lovell in beheer van die I Corps in die leër van genl Earl Van Dorn en was hy ook sy tweede bevel. Op 3-4 Oktober 1862 het Van Dorn probeer om die strategiese spoorwegaansluiting by Korinte van die Unie-magte onder genl William S. Rosecrans terug te neem. Die daaropvolgende stryd was 'n duur en verwarrende saak vir die Konfederate. Op die tweede dag beveel Van Dorn Lovell, wat die regtervleuel beveel het, om superieure Unie -magte in voorbereide posisies aan te val. Dit was 'n roekelose waagstuk wat vooraf bedoel was vir mislukking en groot verliese, en Lovell was ongehoorsaam om die lewens van sy manne te red. Twee ander Konfederale afdelings het egter onondersteunend ingegaan en swaar verloor. Van Dorn het Lovell dan van onsedelikheid aangekla. Hy het homself gedeeltelik verlos deur nuttige werk te verrig wat die Konfederale onttrekking aan Coffeeville dek, maar hy is daarna verlig. Lovell het die respek van die Konfederale owerhede verloor, en selfs sy manne het spottenderwys die nuwe ballade van Lord Lovell begin sing, wat die verlies van New Orleans en hul algemene liefde vir drank versadig het. Hy het gevolglik vir die res van die oorlog sonder 'n veldopdrag gebly. Ondanks herhaalde versoeke deur genl Joseph E. Johnston en John Bell Hood, het die Konfederale oorlogsdepartement geweier om Lovell aansienlike verantwoordelikhede toe te staan. Hy het egter daarin geslaag om 'n pos te kry as 'n vrywillige assistent by die personeel van Johnston ’s en het goed gedien gedurende die veldtog in Atlanta. In Maart 1865 versoek generaal Lee formeel dat Lovell die bevel oor 'n korps kry, en die regering gee toe. Die oorlog het geëindig voordat hy by die hoofkwartier kon aankom.

Lovell verhuis na die oorlog na Georgië, waar hy as rysboer gewoon het. Toe sy landgoed deur vloede uitgewis word, keer hy terug na New York en aanvaar verskillende posisies in landmeting en ingenieurswese. Hy sterf daar op 1 Junie 1884, 'n talentvolle generaal, maar onderbenut deur 'n regering wat hom nooit werklik vertrou het nie.

Bibliografie Cozzens, Peter. Die donkerste dae van die oorlog: Iuka en Korinte. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997 Hearn, Chester G. The Capture of New Orleans. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995 Heleniak, Roman J., en Lawrence L. Hewitt, reds. Die Simposium van die Deep Delta Burgeroorlog van 1989: leierskap tydens die burgeroorlog. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1992 Smith, Brier R. Generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell en die val van New Orleans: die ondergang van 'n loopbaan. Memphis, TN: Memphis Pink Palace Museum, 1973 Sutherland, Daniel L. “ Mansfield Lovell's Quest for Justice: Another Look at the Fall of New Orleans. ” Louisiana History 24 (1987): 233-259 Wakefield, John F., red. Slag van Korinte. Florence, AL: Honours Press, 2000.


Mansfield Lovell (geb. 1822 - 1884)

Hy is gebore in Washington, DC, en was die seun van chirurg-generaal Joseph Lovell. Hy studeer aan West Point negende in die klas van 1842 en ontvang 'n kommissie as 2de luitenant, 4de artillerie, 1 Julie 1842. Hy was in garnisoen in Ft. McHenry, MD, 1842 Carlisle kaserne, PA, 1842-1843 te Ft. Monroe, VA, 1843-1845 en in die militêre beroep van Texas, 1845-1846.

Hy was in die oorlog met Mexiko besig met die Slag van Monterey, 21-23 September 1846, die beleg van Vera Cruz, 9-29 Maart, 1847 Slag van Cerro Gordo, 17-18 April, 1847 skermutseling by Amazoque, 14 Mei , 1847 en die storming van Chapultepec, 13 September 1847. Hy is tot kaptein, 13 September 1847, gesalf vir dapper en verdienstelike optrede in die Slag van Chapultepec. Gedurende 'n deel van die oorlog het hy in die personeel van brigadier-generaal John A. Quitman gedien, en die twee mans was gou soos pa en seun. Hulle lang, hartlike vriendskap het na die Mexikaanse oorlog voortgeduur en verduidelik waarskynlik waarom hy die Suide in die burgeroorlog ondersteun het.

Lovell was besig met die Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico, 13-14 September 1847, waar hy ernstig gewond is by die Belen-hek. Hy dien as Aide-de-Camp by Bvt. Generaal-majoor Quitman en waarnemende assistent-adjudant-generaal van sy afdeling, 5 Oktober 1846- 31 Oktober 1847.

Na die oorlog was hy in garnisoen by Ft. Pickens, FL, 1848-1849 te Baton Rouge, LA, 1849 oor werwingsdiens, 1849 en in garnisoen in Jefferson Barracks, MO, 1850. Hy was op Frontier Duty on the Western Prairies, KS, en het gehelp om Ft. Atkinson, KS, 1850 en by Ft. Leavenworth, KS, 1850-1851. Hy was in garnisoen by Ft. Hamilton, NY, 1851-1852 en in beheer van die werwingsdepot in Ft. Columbus, NY, 1852-1854. Hy bedank uit die weermag in 1854 en word handelaar in New York, 1854-1858. Later word hy superintendent van Street Improvement, New York City, en later adjunkstraatkommissaris onder sy ou vriend, Gustavus Woodson Smith. Hy was 'n kaptein, New York Militia, 1859-1861.

Aan die begin van die burgeroorlog het Smith en Lovell New York verlaat en in Julie of Augustus 1861 in Smith se geboorteland, Smith, aangekom. Op 19 Augustus het Joseph E. Johnston die twee mans aanbeveel vir poste as afdelingsbevelvoerder. Lovell is op 25 September 1861 as Brigadier-generaal in die Konfederale Weermag aangestel en beveel om by generaal-majoor David Emanuel Twiggs in New Orleans aan te meld. Voordat hy na sy nuwe opdrag vertrek het, het die verouderde Twiggs egter gevra om verlig te word. Lovell is op 7 Oktober 1861 bevorder tot generaal-majoor en word beveel oor New Orleans. Belemmer deur onvoldoende mans en materiaal, en die weiering van Jefferson Davis om hom beheer oor die vlootmagte in sy departement te gee, kon Lovell nie die inval van die Unie suksesvol afweer nie en moes hy ontruim. Ten spyte van hierdie verlies, is hy geprys deur generaal Robert E. Lee, maar het hy geen verdere verantwoordelike bevel nie na die Slag van Korinte, MS, waar hy 'n korps gelei het en 'n bekwame toevlugsoord in Oktober 1862. 'n Ondersoekhof het hom later die skuld vrygespreek in die verlies van New Orleans en beide generaals Joseph E. Johnston en John B. Hood het sy dienste aangevra tydens die Atlanta -veldtog.

Na die oorlog was hy 'n rysplanter by Savannah River, Georgia, 1866-1867. En keer terug as 'n siviele ingenieur in New York, 1868-1884. Onder die projekte waarby hy betrokke was, het hy as assistent -ingenieur vir generaal John Newton gedien in die verwydering van die East River -obstruksies. Hy sterf daar op 1 Junie 1884 en word begrawe in die Woodlawn -begraafplaas.

Hierdie profiel is 'n gesamentlike werk aan die gang. Kan u inligting of bronne bydra?


Union verower New Orleans

Vakbondtroepe neem amptelik New Orleans in besit en voltooi die besetting wat vier dae tevore begin het.

Die verowering van hierdie belangrike suidelike stad was 'n groot slag vir die Konfederasie. Suidelike militêre strateë beplan vir 'n Unie -aanval in die Mississippi, nie uit die Golf van Mexiko nie. Vroeg in 1862 het die Konfederate hul magte in die noorde van Mississippi en westelike Tennessee gekonsentreer om die Yankee -inval te voorkom. Baie van hierdie troepe het op 6 en 7 April by Shiloh in Tennessee geveg. Agt rebellegeweerbote is teen die groot rivier gestuur om 'n vloot van die Unie bo Memphis te stop, wat slegs 3 000 militieë, twee onvoltooide ysterklasse en 'n paar stoombote agterlaat om New Orleans te verdedig. Die mees dwingende struikelblokke vir die Unie was twee forte, Jackson en St. Phillip. In die middel van die nag van 24 April het admiraal David Farragut 'n vloot van 24 geweerbote, 19 mortierbote en 15.000 soldate gelei in 'n gewaagde loop verby die forte.

Nou was die rivier oop na New Orleans, behalwe die Konfederale vloot van Ragtag. Die magtige Unie -armada het regdeur geploeg en agt skepe laat sink. In New Orleans het die konfederale generaal Mansfield Lovell sy klein krag ondersoek en besef dat weerstand tevergeefs is. As hy weerstand bied, het Lovell aan burgemeester John Monroe gesê dat Farragut die stad sou bombardeer en ernstige skade en ongevalle sou berokken. Lovell het sy troepe uit New Orleans getrek en die Yankees het op 25 April begin aankom. Die troepe kon nie land voordat Fort Jackson en St. Phillip beveilig was nie. Hulle het op 29 April oorgegee, en nou het New Orleans geen beskerming gehad nie. Die skare het die Yankees vervloek toe alle Konfederale vlae in die stad laat sak is en sterre en strepe op hul plek gelig is.


MANSFIELD LOVELL, CSA - Geskiedenis

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SUMMITT/Juffrou & ldquotobacco sap bruin & quot (afgebroke swart) ballon kanselleer plus manuskrip & quotBetaal 10& quot in pen sowel as blou kryt & ldquoTe danke& rdquo aan Uitvoerende kantoor, Shreveport, La. Half-amptelike afdruk op omslag aan & ldquoGen. Mansfield Lovell, Columbia S. Carolina & rdquo - twee duidelike aanvalle op die agterkant dui daarop dat dit op 15 Maart 1864 gestuur is en dat die sender Goewerneur H. W. Allen, effens verminder aan regterkant en klein flapfoute, andersins Baie fyn, skaars en opvallend gebruik van en na diens van generaal -majoor Lovell en onmiddellik voormalige majoor -generaal Allen, destyds goewerneur van Louisiana, tydens die oorlog. Gunsteling van W. D. Winter, Esq. & rdquo, wat blykbaar die brief van Shreveport na Summitt gedra het, was 'n Louisiana -planter wat deur goewerneur Allen aangestel is as agent om voorraad te kry by die families van soldate en vir die staatswag. $ 1,500

Generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell gebore in die distrik Columbia in 1822, studeer West Point in 1842 en word in diens geneem in die Amerikaanse artillerie wat gewond / kortgekrap is tydens die Mexikaanse oorlog, bedank uit die weermag in 1854. Hy word op 7 Oktober 1861 aangestel as generaal -majoor in die Konfederale weermag. die verdediging van New Orleans om die Confederate River Defense Fleet te help skep. Hy was bekend daarvoor dat hy alkohol geniet en die plesier van die hotellewe. Nadat hy gespog het oor die verdediging van New Orleans, het hy onbewustelik die inligting verskaf wat die Unie nodig gehad het om die Konfederasie uit New Orleans te verdryf.

Goewerneur Henry Watkins Allen (1820-1866) Lid van die staatshuis van Texas, 1853 Brigadier Generaal in die Konfederale Weermag (dien ook as Generaal -majoor in die Louisiana Militia op dieselfde tyd) tydens die Burgeroorlog tot 10 Januarie 1864, toe hy bedank het om te word Goewerneur van Louisiana, 1864-65. Hy is ernstig gewond by Shiloh. Allen Parish, Louisiana, is na hom vernoem. In sy onderdrukking van die drankverkeer tussen Mexiko en die Konfederasie gebruik goewerneur Allen diktatoriale magte en slaag hy op 'n manier wat nog nooit bekend was nie. Miskien het sy persoonlike kennis van Lovell & rsquos -drankprobleme 'n bietjie daarmee te doen gehad.


Mansfield Lovell

Mansfield Lovell was 'n generaal -majoor in die weermag van die Konfederale State tydens die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog. As militêre kommandant van New Orleans, toe die stad in 1862 aan die Unie -vloot val, is Lovell hewig gekritiseer deur plaaslike burgers omdat hy nie die inval in die see voorspel het nie. Die Konfederale regering het die skuld op hom geplaas om die aandag van hul eie foute af te lei, sodat so min troepe die stad kon verdedig. Ondervraging het hom later van aanklagte van onbevoegdheid bevry, maar sy reputasie het nooit herstel nie.

1. Vroeë lewe. (Ранняя жизнь)
Lovell is gebore in die distrik Columbia. Sy vader was Joseph Lovell, agtste chirurg -generaal van die Amerikaanse weermag. Sy oupa, James Lovell, was 'n aktiewe lid van die Whig-organisasie in Boston voor die Amerikaanse revolusie, en was lid van die Kontinentale Kongres van 1777-1782. Hy was een van die eerste bewegers in die plan om generaal George Washington te vervang as bevelvoerder -generaal Horatio -hekke en 'n oorspronklike lid van die Massachusetts -samelewing van die Cincinnati.
Lovell studeer in 1842 aan die Amerikaanse Militêre Akademie en word aangestel as 'n tweede luitenant in die artillerie van die Verenigde State. Hy is ernstig gewond by die Belén -hek tydens die slag van Chapultepec tydens die Mexiko -Amerikaanse oorlog, en hy het 'n Brevet -aanstelling as kaptein ontvang vir sy werk in hierdie geveg. Nadat hy in verskillende minderjarige posisies gedien het, tree hy in 1854 uit die weermag om by die abortiewe Kubaanse ekspedisie van generaal John A. quitman aan te sluit. Daarna verhuis hy na New York, waar hy sake doen en die pos as adjunk -kommissaris van die straat beklee.

2. Burgeroorlog. (Гражданская Война)
Met die begin van die burgeroorlog het Lovell New York verlaat en in die Konfederale weermag aangesluit. Hy word op 7 Oktober 1861 as generaal-majoor aangestel om generaal-majoor David Twiggs in New Orleans te vervang, wat gevra het om verligting te kry weens gesondheidsprobleme. Volgens die historikus John D. winters het die burgers van New Orleans diep frustrasie uitgespreek oor die aanstelling van Lovell, want hulle het óf P. G. T. Beauregard óf Braxton Bragg verkies. Destyds was Bragg in bevel van die Konfederale troepe in Pensacola, Florida. Woedend oorgedra vir die bevel, skryf Bragg aan die goewerneur van Louisiana Thomas Overton Moore: "die span in New Orleans was tereg myne. Ek voel die optrede van die regering versleg en moet sorg dat hulle my gevoelens ken." Twee weke later skryf Bragg Moore dat hy Lovell as 'baie bekwaam' beskou het, maar vanweë sy onbehoorlikheid sou hy 'n goeie soldaat wees, maar sonder dit kan hy my nie laat glo dat hy nie gekoop het nie '.
Teen die tyd dat Lovell na New Orleans gestuur is, het Abraham Lincoln die planne van die Unie -vloot goedgekeur wat probeer om New Orleans in beslag te neem deur die Mississippi -rivier in sy mond in te gaan en teen 'n spoed van 80 kilometer noordwaarts te swem. Nie Lovell of amptenare van die stad of van die vlootafdeling in Richmond het gedink dat dit 'n betroubare opsie was nie en het gefokus op die planne om die landmagte van die Unie te weerhou om die stad vanaf die top van Mississippi te nader. FORTS Jackson en St. Philip, twee Konfederale FORTS by die monding van die rivier, is as voldoende geag om aanrandings in die rivier te ontmoedig in die onwaarskynlike geval dat so 'n taktiek beplan word. Sedert die begin van die oorlog, met die oortuiging dat die stad veilig is, is die meeste van sy gevegsmagte gestuur na ander suidelike gevegte wat die stad van almal, behalwe 'n klein aantal van die verdedigers, die Konfederale Weermag, uitput. Toe vissers in Februarie 1862 nuus kry van die landing van geallieerde skepe aan die kus van Louisiana, het die konfederate nie daarin geslaag om die stad te hou as die FORTS duidelik word nie. Toe die vesting na 'n paar dae se bombardement nie vasgevang kon word nie, het die Farraguts -vloot onder die duisternis by hulle verbygeglip en binne vier dae in die dokke van die stad verskyn. Alhoewel hierdie skepe onderweg was, is besluit om die landverdediging van New Orleans te ontruim vir gebruik in die gevegte in die binneland van Louisiana en ander dele van die Konfederasie. Dit word as 'n risikobestuur beskou as 'n risikobestuur om die stad te beskerm teen die invasie van grond, maar Farraguts dreig om die kwesbare stad te bombardeer met sy formidabele aanvalsvliegtuie nadat die vloot geland het, het die einde van die konfederale New Orleans gemerk.
Generaal Lovell is krities gekritiseer oor die onvermoë om die val van die stad te voorkom, hoewel hy nie genoeg manne en toerusting gehad het om die magte van die Unie af te weer nie. Daarna beveel hy 'n infanteriedivisie onder bevel van generaal -majoor Earl van Dorn tydens die tweede slag van Korinte, in Mississippi. Hy is later van bevel onthef in verband met sy swak prestasie in New Orleans. Deur hierdie berisping het hy 'n geregtelike ondersoek geëis wat in April 1863 gedoen is en hom onskuldig verklaar het op aanklagte van onbevoegdheid. Hy het egter geen opdragte gekry vir die res van die oorlog nie.
In sy boek oor die Konfederale New Orleans, die aand toe die oorlog verlore gegaan het, blameer die skrywer / historikus Charles L. Dufour Jefferson Davis en in die besonder besluit die vlootsekretaris Mallory dat 'n landoorlog in Virginia meer voorrang geniet as die groter aandag aan die waardevolle hawe stad New Orleans. Sy onverwagte val in die hande van die Unie het skokgolwe gestuur, nie net van die Konfederasie nie, maar ook in Europa, waar hy, langs New York, die bekendste Amerikaanse stad was. Volgens Dufour het die regering Davis die skuld op Engeland vir die verlies van New Orleans afgewys in 'n poging om aanklagte in die suidelike publiek te vermy. Lovells heldhaftige pogings om sy naam skoon te maak, het nooit hul doel bereik nie. Sy eer en loopbaan word gesien as Dufour, wat ongelukkig opgeoffer word aan die politieke mag en die werklikheid van oorlog.

3. Postbellum Lewe. (Postизнь Postbellum)
Lovell het onmiddellik na die oorlog op 'n rysplantasie naby Savannah, Georgia, geboer, maar 'n vloedgolf het sy eerste oes vernietig en hom genoodsaak om saam met sy gesin in New York terug te keer. Hy hervat sy loopbaan as siviele ingenieur en landmeter. Lovell het onder leiding van die voormalige generaal van die Unie, John Newton, gewerk aan 'n projek om hindernisse uit die Oostelike rivier in die helpoort te verwyder. Hy is dood in New York, en is begrawe in 'n begraafplaas in die Bronx, New York.

  • Ocean Towing Co. van New Orleans. Sy is in 1861 oorgeneem deur generaal Mansfield Lovell onder bevel van die militêre distrik van New Orleans, en omskep in 'n watte
  • Sy is in Maart 1862 weer in gebruik geneem en is vernoem na generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell, bevelvoerder van die verdediging van New Orleans. Sy het deel geword van die Rivier
  • Lovell se dood, voorafgegaan deur 'n paar maande deur die van sy vrou, het Margaret Mansfield Lovell 'n wees gelaat met elf kinders. 'N Seun, Mansfield
  • Britse hokkiespeler Liliana Lovell gebore 1967 Amerikaanse entrepreneur, stigter van die Coyote Ugly Saloon Mansfield Lovell 1822 1884 hoofgeneraal in
  • Mansfield is 'n stad in Bristol County, Massachusetts, Verenigde State. Vanaf die Amerikaanse sensus van 2010, is die stad se bevolking 23, 184. Mansfield is in
  • Lovell is 'n stad in Oxford County, Maine, Verenigde State. Die bevolking was 1, 140 by die sensus van 2010. Lovell is die plek van die Kezar -meer, 'n oord.
  • Die Lovell General Hospital South is 'n voormalige hospitaal in Fort Devens. Dit is vernoem na die eerste chirurg -generaal van die Amerikaanse weermag, Joseph Lovell
  • 32.6139 - 97.1308 Mansfield Summit High School is 'n sekondêre skool 6A in Arlington, Texas, en is deel van die Mansfield Independent School
  • Matthew Mansfield, gebore op 24 Junie 1969, is 'n voormalige Australiese voetbalspeler wat vir die Footscray, nou Western Bulldogs Football Club, gespeel het in die
  • Anthony Lovell, gebore op 28 Julie 1970, is 'n voormalige Australiese voetbalspeler wat in die Victoriaanse en Australiese voetbal vir Melbourne en Weskus gespeel het.
  • stoomboot. Sy is in Januarie 1862 in beslag geneem in New Orleans, Louisiana, deur brigade -generaal Mansfield Lovell CSA, vir die staatsdiens. As geweerboot, herdoop
  • Return of Raffles 1933 Maid Happy 1933 Mansfield Markham Stuffynwood, besoek 5 Junie 2010 Lovell Straight tot Morning Beryl Markham Links
  • Kol Theophilus Lyle Dickey 1st Corps, Army of West Tennessee MG Mansfield Lovell Buite Coffeeville, het die Konfederale bevel besluit om die
  • Die Lovell General Hospital North is 'n voormalige hospitaal in Fort Devens. Dit is vernoem na die eerste chirurg -generaal van die Amerikaanse weermag, Joseph Lovell
  • Die Lovell General Hospital East is 'n voormalige hospitaal in Fort Devens. Dit is vernoem na die eerste chirurg -generaal van die Amerikaanse weermag, Joseph Lovell
  • postuum versamel in The Splendid Outcast, met 'n inleiding deur Mary S. Lovell 'n verhaal uit West with the Night is uittreksel en geïllustreer deur Don Brown
  • Outstanding Landing Field Mansfield was 'n marine -afgeleë landingsveld in Mansfield, Massachusetts, in werking vanaf 1942 tot 1945. Dit het bestaan ​​as 'n
  • Van Dorn se leër was die magte van sy distrik van die Mississippi, die infanteriedivisie van Mansfield Lovell en 'n klein kavallerie -brigade onder bevel van kolonel
  • Elizabeth Westcott Nigel Lovell as kol Prestcott, die waarnemende goewerneur van NSW Michael Cole as Richard Soames Chris Christiansen as Mansfield Nat Levinson as Snark
  • Tyd van Richard I tot Henry VIII, die Lovells was here van die herehuis. Thomas, die derde seun van sir Ralf Lovell, was 'n lojale ondersteuner van Henry VII.
  • Januarie 2016. Harley en Lovell 2015 Harley en Lovell 2015 Harley en Lovell 2015 Harley en Lovell 2015 Harley en Lovell 2015 Conley, Dan 2014
  • stoomers van Charles Morgan's Southern Steamship Co., wat generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell beïndruk het vir openbare diens in New Orleans, 15 Januarie 1862
  • 1890 'n offisier in die Amerikaanse vloot en Mary Minnie Elizabeth Lovell 12 April 1829 27 Oktober 1903 Al die Radford -kinders is gebore
  • Trent Nora Swinburne - Angela Dickson Esma Cannon - mev Atkins Raymond Lovell - sir Charles Leigh Thora Hird - mev Coot Peter Hammond - Tommy Patricia
  • Oorlogsekretaris Judah P. Benjamin het 'n telegram gestuur na generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell, kommandant van die militêre departement, wat New Orleans insluit,
  • beweer dat slegs generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell, die militêre bevelvoerder in die stad, daardie gesag het. Lovell het egter sy troepe teruggetrek
  • koor Jim Mayer bas, koor Roger Guth tromme Amy Lee saksofoon John Lovell trompet T.C. Mitchell saksofoon Tina Gullickson sang Nadirah Shakoor
  • Slag van Korinte in Oktober 1862, in die afdeling van generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell onder die algemene bevel van genl.maj Earl van Dorn. Hy onderskei
  • Rico Herrera Eugene Iglesias Miguel Vega Ric Roman Jesus Jayne Mansfield meisie in bikini by swembad ongekrediteer Gedeeltelik verfilm ter plaatse in
  • Mississippirivier. Aangesien die gewone Konfederale magte onder generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell New Orleans verlaat het, moes die milisie -eenhede self sorg.

Mansfield Lovell Collection RG 61.

Die bevelvoerder van die verdediging van New Orleans, generaal Mansfield Lovell het slegs 3.000 troepe gehad en agter die vloot van die Unie op Ship Island was 'n mag van 18.000 man. Mansfield Lovell pedia. Mansfield Lovell aan Joseph Lovell, 30 Oktober 1862 The Gilder Lehrman Collection, GLC03790p.1. Ek het u brief ontvang, my liewe Jos.Tel ma. Mansfield Munisipale Hof vonnis Mansfield News Journal. Joseph Lovell, chirurg -generaal van die Amerikaanse weermag, en sy vrou Margaret Mansfield Lovell, is op 20 Oktober 1822 in 'n huis op Lafayette Square gebore. Mansfield Lovell Ontluikende Burgeroorlog. Mansfield Lovell, geb. 20 OKT 1822, Washington, DC, seun van Joseph Lovell Margaret Eliza Mansfield.

Mansfield Lovell Ervaar die 55 maande wat Amerika gemaak het.

Generaal Mansfield Lovell neem die militêre bevel oor New Orleans aan en begin die verdediging versterk. Hy bevestig dat die bedreiging sal kom. Mansfield Lovells Quest for Justice: Another Look at the Fall of jstor. Titel: Mansfield Lovell. Datum: 1860's. Bydraer: Strong, William Emerson, 1840 1891. Beskrywing: Onderskrif lui: genl. Maj. Mansfield Lovell, beginnend by. Inleiding Image Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Mansfields se plaaslike burgeroorlogheld was luitenant Samuel Crocker Lovell, wat verantwoordelik was vir 'n detail van die 4de Massachusetts Cavalry en.

Lovell, Mansfield American Civil War Museum.

Eddy 13, Lord Lovel 5 tekste plus 'n uittreksel, 4 deuntjies, die E -teks het sy eerste reël uit The New Ballad of Lord Lovell Mansfield Lovell, maar is steeds hierdie liedjie. Mansfield Lovell -wapens en oorlogvoering. Charles Bird King, Margaret Mansfield Lovell, vrou van Joseph Lovell, olie op doek, datum onbekend. Uit die versameling van die Redwood -biblioteek en Athenaeum. Mansfield Lovell -vraestelle, 1835 1886 Argiefmateriaal, 1835. Lovell aan die oorlogsekretaris Judah P. Benjamin, 5 Desember 1861, Facts in Record of Court of Enquiry of Major General Mansfield Lovell, 1863, in ibid., P.

Mansfield Lovell Archives Museum Blog.

Mansfield Lovell. Lovell, dateer uit Camp Moore, 27 April: ewe bly om by Lovell te verneem hoekom hy so haastig vertrek het van 'n plek wat. Mansfield Lovell YouTube. Skrywer: Mansfield Lovell Datum: 1862. Aantekening: In 'n brief aan sy seun voorspel die Konfederale Generaal -majoor Mansfield Lovell 1822 1884 dat Lincolns. Foto's en herinneringe: Die burgeroorloë Houma -voorval. Uniform gedra deur majoor -generaal Mansfield Lovell van die weermag van die Konfederale State. 1861 1865. Sluit.

Charles Bird King, Joseph Lovell, MD, olieverf op doek, ca. 1823.

Generaal Lovells -jas: 'n Konfederale bevelvoerders -uniform het 'n fassinerende geheim gehou. Hulle gesigte kyk na ons uit foto's wat nou ongeveer 150 jaar oud is. Union vang die GESKIEDENIS van New Orleans vas. Rouwomslag met bypassende letterblad. Omslag met 3 c F grillstempel Scott 94 met NY -posstempel aan ex CSA -generaal Mansfield Lovell in Savannah, Ga. Mansfield Lovell bef.1822 1884 Boom GRATIS Stamboom. Eenheidsgeskiedenis Willis Brewers skets. Jammer, jy benodig grafika vir hierdie prentjie. Mansfield Lovell 1822 1884. Generaal -majoor. Vorige foto Volgende foto. Kategorie: Mansfield Lovell media Commons. 3 Oktober 1862 Konfederate onder majoor -generaals Earl Van Dorn en Sterling Price verloor die element van verrassing en daarmee saam die kans om.

Mansfield Lovell Latyns -Amerikaanse Studies.

Soekresultate vir historiese Mansfield Lovell nie -sportkaartwaardes gebaseer op suksesvolle eBay- en veilinghuisverkope van gegradeerde kaarte. 6 Mansfield Lovell -seëls Lot 1949 Erfenisveilings. Mansfield Lovell 20 Oktober 1822 1 Junie 1884 was 'n generaal -majoor van die Konfederale State. Mansfield Lovell Historica Fandom. Jacqueline Lovell Rollison, 472 N. Mulberry St, Mansfield -motorvoertuig terwyl hy $ 200 onder skorsing is. Maison J. Lovell, 1235 Следующая Войти Настройки Конфиденциальность Условия.

ADAH: Confederate Officers Album Mansfield Lovell.

Beskrywing. Portret van die Konfederale generaal Mansfield Lovell met 'n seël van twee sent op die rug. Bydraer. J. Gurney & Son, fotograaf in New York. Mansfield Massachusetts Burgeroorlogmonumenteprojek. Jacqueline Lovell Rollison, 472 N. Mulberry Street, Mansfield -motorvoertuig terwyl $ 200 onder skorsing staan. Maison J. Lovell, 1235.

Portret van genl.maj Mansfield Lovell, beampte van die Konfederasie.

Kry dit uit 'n biblioteek! Mansfield Lovell papers, 1835 1886. Mansfield Lovell J P Benjamin Johnson Kelly Duncan Joseph E Johnston Joseph Lovell Emily​. 2971 Portrait of Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell, officer of the Fold3. Fort Donelson has Unconditional Surrender Grant. It has an early morning Confederate attack, a breakout by Nathan Bedford Forrest and, in short, the stuff that. Uniform worn by Major General Mansfield Lovell of the Confederate. Mansfield Lovell pictured was well acquainted with Terrebonne Parish, having served in the Mexican American War with Brigadier Gen. Civil War New Orleans History with Mark Bielski. Cuban Filibuster Mansfield Lovell Oct. 20, 1822 June 1, 1884. Click on the pictures. Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York. Newspaper articles 1848 1864.

Erica Lovells Profile Hackett School District.

Photograph copy of General Mansfield Lovell. Lovell is wearing a military jacket double row of buttons down front, bars of stripes on shoulders. He has thick. Mansfield Lovell William Emerson Strong Photograph Album. Much to the dismay of Major General Mansfield Lovell and Flag Officer George Hollins, New Orleans had been stripped of most of its soldiers,.

The Daily Dispatch: April 29, 1862., A Ray of.

Download Image of Portrait of Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell, officer of the Confederate Army. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Burgeroorlog. Battle of New Orleans American Civil War Britannica. Title. General Mansfield Lovell. Description. An etched portrait of General Mansfield Lovell. Topical Subject s. Civil wars Portraits Lovell, Mansfield, 1822. General Mansfield Lovell Tulane University Digital Library. Clipping found in San Francisco Chronicle in San Francisco, California on May 12, 1894. Minerva Hathaway and Mansfield Lovell Men Trinity Courch on the.

GEN. MANSFIELD LOVELL. Die New York Times.

Mansfield Lovell, officer of the Confederate Army Created Published: Subject Headings: United States - History - Civil War,. Mansfield Lovell Archives HistoryNet. Mansfield Lovell was born in the District of Columbia, on October 20, 1822. He graduated from West Point in 1842, and was commisioned in the US artillery.


Emerging Civil War welcomes back guest author Sheritta Bitikofer… Part I of II…see Part II here Nestled deep in the woods of St. Helena Parish, along the New Orleans & Jackson Railroad, seventy-five miles north of the famous Crescent City, &hellip Continue reading &rarr

Fort Donelson has “Unconditional Surrender” Grant. It has an early morning Confederate attack, a breakout by Nathan Bedford Forrest and, in short, the stuff that makes good history. But from this outsider’s perspective looking in on the Western Theater, I &hellip Continue reading &rarr


Capture of New Orleans: Farragut’s Rise to Fame

New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederacy with more than 120,000 inhabitants. This cosmopolitan community was a leading shipping, shipbuilding, and industrial center. The city controlled the commerce of the entire Mississippi Valley and its tributaries, like the Ohio, Missouri, and Red rivers. While it was ever so critical for the Confederacy to maintain control of this city, events elsewhere, especially in Tennessee, resulted in New Orleans having inadequate defenses and naval support. The city’s loss would have significant implications.

Map depicting the delta of the Mississippi River and approaches to New Orleans. Printed by Government printing office in 1904 as part of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies.

Department of the Gulf Map Number 5, Approaches to New Orleans prepared by order of Major General N.P. Banks, February 14th, 1863. US Army Military History Institute. The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Government Printing Office, 1983 Edition.

Confederate Naval Preparations

Much to the dismay of Major General Mansfield Lovell and Flag Officer George Hollins, New Orleans had been stripped of most of its soldiers, cannons, and warships. Many believed that the Federals would try to take New Orleans by way of Union forces coming down the Mississippi. Hollins argued, to a level of insubordination, that every effort possible be made to block the Union fleet access into the Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico. He advocated that as the Union ships were lightened to cross the bar into the Southwest passage, the Federals were very vulnerable to attack, and Hollins wished to do so. He created such an uproar that he was reassigned to Richmond, Virginia.

Hollins was replaced by the superintendent of the New Orleans Navy Yard, Commander William C. Whittle, who then turned over command of the Confederate naval forces to Commander John K. Mitchell. Mitchell was faced with a problematic command system that featured three different forces. Therefore, he was only in command of the gunboats CSS McRae and CSS Jackson, the ironclad CSS Manassas, and two nearly-finished ironclads, CSS Louisiana and CSS Mississippi.

CSS Louisiana. Contemporary lithograph. Courtesy of Naval Historical Center H01734.

Louisiana had a box-like casemate which contained two 7-inch Brooke rifles, four VIII-inch Dahlgrens, three IX-inch Dahlgrens, and seven 32-pounder shell guns. The 264 ft.- long vessel was launched in January 1862 however, its mode of power — two center paddlewheels and two screw propellers —was not operational. The ironclad would eventually be towed downriver, positioned near Fort Jackson. The CSS Mississippi, another huge ironclad, was still under construction when the Federal fleet made its attack.

There were two other naval commands. Louisiana had two warships, Governor Moore en General Quitman. The River Defense Fleet, which had been underwritten by the Confederate army, contained 14 cottonclads, commanded by Captain John A. Stephenson. Stephenson, who had constructed Manassas, refused to follow Commander John Mitchell’s orders. Consequently, New Orleans’s naval defense was weak, incomplete, and in disarray.

Confederate Fortifications
Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans and Farragut’s attack 24 April 1862.
Robert Knox Sneden, artist. Courtesy of Library of Congress.

The primary defensive system protecting New Orleans was the pair of brick fortifications situated 75 miles downstream at Plaquemines Bend. Forts St. Philip and Jackson featured 177 cannons and an iron defensive chain to block ships from reaching the forts. Fort St. Philip (originally named Fort San Felipe) was built in 1795 during the Spanish occupation. When the United States occupied Louisiana, the fort was rebuilt in 1808. The brick fort was able to withstand the January 9 through 18, 1815, siege by British wooden sailing warships.

On the western side of the river situated diagonally from Fort St. Philip was Fort Jackson. Named for General Andrew Jackson, this star-shaped fort was begun in 1822 and completed in 1832. Brigadier General Johnson Kelly Duncan, an 1849 graduate of the United States Military Academy, commanded both forts which were located 40 miles upriver from the Gulf of Mexico.

Plan of Fort St. Philip, Louisiana, ca. 1860 – 1880. Courtesy of The U.S. National Archives
https://catalog.archives.gov/

Union Plans

Union Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles began considering an operation against New Orleans from the Gulf of Mexico. He convinced President Abraham Lincoln to move forward with the operation shortly after the Union defeat during the Battle of the Head of Passes. Accordingly, in December 1861, the Gulf Blockading Squadron was divided into two commands: West Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron and East Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron.

On January 9, 1862, Captain David Glasgow Farragut was named commander of the West Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron. His goal? The capture of New Orleans. Farragut, who had been in the US Navy since he was nine years old, was assigned 19 ships to do this work. However, the flag officer believed, based on the success of Flag Officer S. F. DuPont at Port Royal Sound in November 1861, that steam powered ships could simply rush past fixed brick fortifications.

Admiral David Farragut, ca. 1855 -1865. Photographer unknown. Courtesy of Library of Congress.

Once above forts St. Philip and Jackson, nothing could stop Farragut from reaching New Orleans. Farragut’s foster brother, Commander David Dixon Porter, was given a semi-independent command of 20 mortar schooners and six support ships. Each schooner carried a 13-inch seacoast mortar on a revolving mount. These guns and 30,000 shells were made by Fort Pitt Foundry of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, just for Porter’s use.

Although Farragut believed that the mortar boats would not have an impact upon the forts, Porter bragged to everyone who would listen that he would reduce the forts in 48 hours. In addition to these ships, Major General Benjamin Franklin Butler was given the command of 18,000 troops to besiege the forts. Farragut, troubled by Butler’s limitations as a combat commander, did not involve the general in his plans.

Union Preparations

Farragut began assembling his fleet at Ship’s Island off the Mississippi coast on February 20, 1862. On March 18, he began to move his ships into the Mississippi River. The smaller gunboats and mortar schooners used the Pass a l’Outre.

The flag officer then sent his heavier ships, USS Hartford, Pensacola, Richmond, Brooklyn, Mississippi, en Colorado to use the Southwest Pass. This pass supposedly enabled ships with a draft of 18 feet to enter yet, the water level was only 15 feet. Consequently, Farragut had to lighten all these vessels and use their steam power to push through the sand bar at the entrance to the pass. This was a very time consuming task. All his ships made it through except for the steam screw frigate USS Colorado. The frigate’s draft of 23 feet made it impossible to enter the Southwest Pass.

USS Mississippi, 1863.
Photographer: Ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge.
http://www.lib.lsu.edu/special/findaid/Suydam/sidewheeler1.html
MSS 1394015

The paddler USS Mississippi was able to cross the bar, thus becoming the largest ship ever to enter the Mississippi. Farragut noted, “now we are all right.” Farragut then tested and surveyed the ranges to reach the forts to determine where best to place the mortar fleet.

He ordered his ships to prepare for battle by lowering anchor chains amid ships and placing sandbags around machinery. With this makeshift armor, Farragut’s vessels were prepared to pass the forts.

Farragut then divided his squadron into three divisions:

  • 1st Division (Red), commanded by Captain Theodorus Bailey: gunboat Cayuga, screw sloop Pensacola, sidewheeler frigate USS Mississippi, and several other gunboats with the purpose of passing Fort St. Philip
  • 2nd Division (Blue), commanded by Flag Officer Farragut: the screw sloops Hartford, Brooklyn, en Richmond
  • 3rd Division (Red and Blue), commanded by Captain Henry H. Bell: six screw gunboats with the intent of passing by the two other divisions as they engaged the forts to reach the waiting Confederate gunboats.
Mortar Bombardment
Map depicting the positions of Porter’s Mortar fleet during the bombardment of Fort Jackson, April 16 to the 24th. Printed by the Government printing office. The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies Series I, V.18, 1904, Page 277.

Farragut first needed to allow the mortar boats to do their work. Commander Porter’s mortar schooners began their bombardment of the Confederates at 9.00 a.m. on April 18. The schooners were camouflaged by trees (Porter had tree limbs placed atop their masts). More than 1,400 shells were lobbed into the forts during the bombardment’s first day.

Brig. Gen. Johnson Kelly Duncan, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front wood engraving, ca.
1861 – 1870. Courtesy of Library of Congress.

General Johnson K. Duncan reported that the constant shelling (a mortar round was fired every two minutes) caused minimal damage to the forts. Many shells exploded in the air or were buried in the mud surrounding the forts and within their parade fields. Nevertheless, barracks were burned, several artillery pieces were damaged, and Fort Jackson’s hot shot furnace was destroyed. Duncan reported only a few casualties however, the roar of bursting shells did have a serious impact upon the garrison’s morale as the men huddled in the casemates.

By April 20, Farragut realized that the mortars were not having the desired impact upon the forts. He then ordered two gunboats, USS Itasca en Pinola, to move to break the chain across the river that evening. The Confederates noticed this work and fired flares and began to fire upon the chain-breaking crews. Despite the rockets lighting up the river, most of the cannon fire was inaccurate. But the chain-breakers were successful in making a huge gap in the chain.

Farragut was disappointed that Porter asked for more time to reduce the forts on April 23. The flag officer ordered his signal officer, B.S. Osbon, to go up Hartford’s mizzen mast to observe the effects of the shelling and to report by raising a white flag for a miss and a red one for a hit. This test proved that despite more than 7,500 shot and shells being fired at the forts, the bombardment had failed. Farragut decided that he would pass the forts early the next morning.

Passing the Forts
Capture of New Orleans : The Fleet Passing Forts on the Mississippi. ongeveer 1862. Engravings. W. Ridgeway, Engraver Charles Parsons, artist. Courtesy of Free Library of Philadelphia: Philadelphia, PA. https://libwww.freelibrary.org/digital/item/38167. (accessed Jul 15, 2020)

At 2:00 a.m. on April 24, 1862, Farragut’s flagship, Hartford, hoisted two red lanterns, the signal for the three divisions to get underway. By 3:30 a.m., Cayuga made through the gap in the chain. The Confederates did not notice the Federal ships were moving upriver until Pensacola made its run and the forts opened fire.

The battle quickly erupted in all its fury as Farragut remembered it was “as if the artillery of heaven were playing upon the earth.”

Confederate bonfires, rockets, and fire rafts illuminated the river. Gun smoke drifted across the forts which made it difficult to attain accurate fire. Nevertheless, when Richmond came within hailing distance of Fort Jackson, the fort’s cannon raked the sloop badly. This caused the warship to veer across the river where it was hit by heavy shot from Fort St. Philip. Other Union ships were struck several times by Confederate cannon fire. As shells decimated gun crews, hideous screams, groans, and shrieks filled the air.

Capture of New Orleans. ongeveer 1866. Alonzo Chappel, artist. Engravings. Free Library of Philadelphia: Philadelphia, PA. https://libwww.freelibrary.org/digital/item/38277. (accessed Jul 15, 2020)

CSS Louisiana now had an opportunity to prove its worth. The ironclad was under the direct command of Charles F. McIntosh however, Flag Officer John K. Mitchell was also onboard the ironclad. Unfortunately, the ship could only bring its bow and starboard guns to bear. This was made even more difficult as the defective gun ports did not allow the crew to properly train the guns. Supposedly, three shots from Louisiana passed through Brooklyn. Union return fire simply bounced off the ironclad. Nevertheless, three men in exposed positions, including Commander McIntosh, were killed.

Destruction of Confederate Naval Forces
Capture of New Orleans by Union Flag Officer David G Farragut. The screw sloop of war USS Hartford in center of the painting. Artist Julian Oliver Davidson, before 1892. Source Painting & Frame. 2017-12-08

Hartford ran aground and a fire raft was pushed alongside the sloop. All seemed lost until the tug, CSS Mosher, was blasted by two shells and the raft floated away. CSS Governor Moore chased down USS Varuna, sinking it by ramming and gun fire but was soon sunk itself. Other Confederate gunboats suffered similar fates.

Fight between the ‘Varuna’ and the ‘Governor Moore’ during the battle off Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 234 April 1862. Line engraving. Harper’s Weekly, 1862. Courtesy of Naval History and Heritage Command # NH 59076.

McRae was struck by grapeshot and canister by USS Iroquois and knocked out of action. The ironclad CSS Manassas tried to ram both the Cayuga en Pensacola. While it missed those warships, Lieutenant Alexander Warley, commander of the ironclad, took a course at Mississippi’s port paddle wheel which if successful, would have disabled the sloop.

George Dewey, date and photographer unknown. From The Photographic History of The Civil War in Ten Volumes: Volume Six, The Navies. The Review of Reviews Co., New York. 1911. p219

Lieutenant George Dewey, later of Manila Bay fame, was at Mississippi’s wheel and maneuvered the paddler so adroitly that Manassas glanced off the frigate’s port quarter. Dewey looked down the side of his vessel as the ram steamed away. He saw that Manassas had ripped off planking, exposing the gleaming ends of copper bolts “cut as clean as if they were hair under a razor’s edge.”

Manassas then attempted to ram Hartford but, missed. Warley was able to steer toward and strike Brooklyn as it passed through the chain barrier with such a fierce blow that the ram crushed the sloop’s inner and outer planking. Only the protected anchor chains saved the vessel however, a shot from Manassas’s one gun tore through Brooklyn, lodging in the sandbags guarding its boilers. Manassas slid off the sloop and eventually attempted to steam back up the river yet, its weak engines made this extremely difficult.

CSS Manassas (1861-62). R. G. Skerrett, artist, 1904. Courtesy of Naval History and Heritage Command # NH 608

Farragut then hailed Mississippi Commander Melancton Smith “to run down that rascally ram.” Dewey quickly backed one wheel and drove forward the other, turned on its axis, and sped toward the ironclad.

Manassas was forced onto the riverbank where Mississippi riddled the ram, leaving it helpless smoke poured out of fresh punctures which appeared to be portholes. The ironclad then drifted down river in flames, later exploding near Porter’s mortar flotilla.

During the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the Union frigate USS Mississippi tries to ram the Confederate ironclad CSS Manassas. From ‘Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers, based upon “the Century War Series,”‘ volume 2. , 1887. From the British Library’s Mechanical Curator collection released to Flickr Commons. The Splendid Naval Triumph on the Mississippi, April 24th, 1862. Lithograph published by Currier & Ives, 1862. Courtesy of Naval History and Heritage Command # NH 76369-KN.

Nadraai

The Confederates were unable to stop Farragut’s advance and he captured the defenseless New Orleans two days later. Farragut was proclaimed a hero by the Northern press for his victory. He would soon be promoted to rear admiral.

Panoramic View of New Orleans-Federal Fleet at Anchor in the River, ca. 1862. Illustration from Campfires and Battlefields by Rossiter, Johnson, et al. New York, 1894.

The Union capture of New Orleans was devastating to the Confederacy. The city was a critical industrial center and was a major key to the control of the Mississippi River. The loss of New Orleans helped to seal the fate of the Confederacy.


--> Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884

Born 1822 in Washington, D.C. with U.S. Army during the Mexican War resigned the Army and worked in civilian positions in Trenton, N.J. and New York City joined the Confederate States Army as Major General given command of forces defending New Orleans held no later command but served throughout the war returned to engineering work in New York after 1865 married Emily Plympton in 1849.

From the description of Letters, 1861 September 22 and 1863 March 27. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 24687133

Engineer and Confederate army officer.

From the description of Letters of Mansfield Lovell, 1860-1880. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71015084

Mansfield Lovell was a Confederate general who commanded at New Orleans from October 1861 until he withdrew his forces from the city to save it from Farragut's naval bombardment on April 23, 1862.

From the description of Mansfield Lovell letter, 1861 Nov. 22. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 230298595

Mansfield Lovell was a Confederate General who commanded at New Orleans from October of 1861 until he withdrew his forces from the city to save it from Farragut's naval bombardment on April 23, 1862.

From the description of Mansfield Lovell letter, 1862 Mar. 9. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 244205269

Mansfield Lovell, Confederate general. He was born in Washington, D.C., in 1822, the son Dr. Joseph Lovell, the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army. In 1842, he graduated from West Point, and then served in the Mexican War. In 1854, he resigned from the army and worked at an iron works in Trenton, New Jersey. He later moved to New York and served as deputy street commissioner. In September 1861, he resigned this position to join the Confederate army. Appointed Major General on October 7, 1861, he was put in command of Dept. No. 1, in charge of the defenses of New Orleans. Having failed to prevent the capture of New Orleans in Apr. 1862, commanded a corps at Corinth, Miss. (Oct. 3-4, 1862,) and in December fought at Coffeeville, Miss. In Dec. 1862, he was relieved of his command for the loss of New Orleans. Although a court of inquiry that he had requested cleared him of any fault, his military career suffered, and his loyalty to the Confederacy was questioned. He had no further command assignments but served as Joseph E. Johnston's volunteer staff officer until the end of the war. After the war, he unsuccessfully attempted to operate a rice plantation in Georgia, and then returned to New York where he worked as a civil engineer, and surveyor.

From the description of Papers of Mansfield Lovell, 1835-1886 (bulk 1862-1865). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122354203


MANSFIELD LOVELL, CSA - History

Map depicting the delta of the Mississippi River and approaches to New Orleans. Printed by Government printing office in 1904 as part of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies.

New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederacy with more than 120,000 inhabitants. This cosmopolitan community was a leading shipping, shipbuilding, and industrial center. The city controlled the commerce of the entire Mississippi Valley and its tributaries, like the Ohio, Missouri, and Red rivers. While it was ever so critical for the Confederacy to maintain control of this city, events elsewhere, especially in Tennessee, resulted in New Orleans having inadequate defenses and naval support. The city’s loss would have significant implications.

Confederate Naval Preparations

Much to the dismay of Major General Mansfield Lovell and Flag Officer George Hollins, New Orleans had been stripped of most of its soldiers, cannons, and warships. Many believed that the Federals would try to take New Orleans by way of Union forces coming down the Mississippi. Hollins argued, to a level of insubordination, that every effort possible be made to block the Union fleet access into the Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico. He advocated that as the Union ships were lightened to cross the bar into the Southwest passage, the Federals were very vulnerable to attack, and Hollins wished to do so. He created such an uproar that he was reassigned to Richmond, Virginia. Lees meer


Kyk die video: Ultimate General: Civil War. CSA Part 33. Saunders Farm (Julie 2022).


Kommentaar:

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