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Onderwerpindeks: RAF- en Statebond -eskader

Onderwerpindeks: RAF- en Statebond -eskader


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1-99: Gewone RAF-eskaders
100-200: Gewone RAF-eskaders
201-299: Gewone RAF-eskaders, meestal oorspronklik RNAS-eenhede
300-361: RAF-eskaders beman deur vlieëniers uit besette lande
400-443: Royal Canadian Air Force
450-467: Royal Australian Air Force
485-490: Royal New Zealand Air Force
Indiese lugmag
Suid -Afrikaanse Lugmag
500-599: Oorspronklik spesiale reservaat, daarna hulplugmag
600-699: Eerstens sestien vir die hulplugmag, daarna gebruik vir nuwe eskaders wat tydens die oorlog gevorm is.
700-799: Fleet Air Arm tweede lyn en katapultvlugte en eskaders
800-899: Fleet Air Arm eerste lyn eskader
900-999: Ballon Barrage-eskaders
1700-1853: Fleet Air Arm

Nr.1-99 RAF - Nos.100-200 RAF - Nos.201-299 RAF - Nos.300-361 RAF - RCAF - RAAF - RNZAF - IAF - SAAF - Nos.500-599 RAF - Nos.600-699 RAF - Nos.700-799 FAA - Nos.800-899 FAA - Nos.900-999 Ballon Barrage eskaders - Nos.1700-1863 FAA


Royal Air Force

Vrywilligers uit Newfoundland en Labrador sterf in 'n hoër tempo terwyl hulle by die Royal Air Force (RAF) gedien het as by enige ander tak van die Britse weermag tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. Dit is miskien gelukkig dat die RAF aansienlik minder Newfoundlanders en Labradorians gewerf het as óf die Royal Navy óf Artillery. Van die 713 wat ingeskryf het, het ongeveer 20 persent gesterf voordat vyandelikhede beëindig is.

Diens by die RAF was egter so uiteenlopend as gevaarlik, en rekrute uit Newfoundland en Labrador het oor die hele wêreld gewerk in talle rolle en hulle het die oseaan patrolleer vir vyandelike vaartuie, lugaanvalle uitgevoer oor gebiede wat deur die as gehou word, Brittanje verdedig van lugaanval af en werk as werktuigkundiges, elektrisiëns en ander arbeiders by grondpersoneel. Baie het ook gedien in 'n eenheid wat die POF na hul land vernoem het, en die nommer 125 (Newfoundland) eskader genoem.


Die Air Force Association of Canada het die volgende RCAF/Canadian Air Force eskader verenigings: -

400 (City of Toronto) Squadron Association: 400 (TH) Eskader, Box 1000, Stn Main, CFB Borden, Ontario L0M 1C0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/400_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

401 'Ram' (City of Westmount) eskadervereniging onaktief [AFAC 0405]

402 'Winnipeg Bear' (City of Winnipeg) eskadervereniging Ross Innes, 102 4th Avenue W, Box 303, Battleford, SK, S0M 0E0 [AFAC 0405] of
R Richards, S45, River Ridge, C75, RR#2, Penticton, BC V2A 6J7 of
Jim Bell, Ashburn Street 819, Winnipeg, MB, R3G 3C8: jbell AT gatewest.net
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/402_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

403 'Wolf' (City of Calgary) eskadervereniging George Jennings, 127 Wing Association, Box 194, Central Butte, SK, S0H 0T0:
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/403_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

404 'Buffalo' eskadervereniging Kol Herb Smale (Retd), 14 Wing Greenwood, Box 5000, Stn Main Forces, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
404 vierkante historikus: Craig Chislett: chislett AT sympatico.ns.ca
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/404_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

405 'Eagle' (City of Vancouver) eskadervereniging President: Fred Davies, 38 Shawford Cres, Scarborough, Ontario M1G 1V8
Me Irene Bradley, 11541 - Avenue 96A, Surrey, BC, V3V 1Z9
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/405_e.cfm
Historikus
: Glenn Merrifield, 7387 Montecito Dr, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1R4 [AFAC 0405]

405 Squadron RCAF Association (VK) Lorna W Hayes, 13 Woodland Way, Petts Wood, Kent BR5 1NB: [BCA 4/99]

406 'Lynx' (City of Saskatoon) eskadervereniging 406 (MR) eskader, 12 vleuel Shearwater, Halifax County, NS, B0J 3A0
of Horace Macaulay, 17 Dayton Cres, Nepean, ON, K2H 7N8, Tel 613 828 7460: horace.macaulay AT sympatico.ca
of Bill Boak, Pentland Place 91, Kanata, ON, K2K 1V9
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/406_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

407 'Demon' Squadron Association G White, 869 Chapman Blvd, Ottawa, ON, K1E 1V1
J Kim Abbott, RR#2, Balderson, ON K0G 1A0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/19wing/squadron/407_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

408 'Goose' (City of Kingsville) eskadervereniging Mnr R Fader, Box 10500, Stn Forces, CFB Edmonton, AB T5J 4J5.
nationalchairman AT forfreedom.ca
webwerf http://www.forfreedom.ca [AFAC 0405]

409 'Nighthawk' eskadervereniging onaktief [AFAC 0405]

410 'Cougar' (City of Saint John) eskadervereniging 410 (TFOT) eskader, 4 vleuel Cold Lake, Box 6550, Stn Forces, Cold Lake, AB, T9M 2C6 of
David Adlam, 6518 Bunker Rd, Manotick, ON K4M 1B3
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/410_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

411 'Grizzly Bear' (City of North York) eskadervereniging Mnr R J Richardson, Hawksbury Drive 45, Toronto, ON, M2K 1M4: tel 416 225 1533: ook mnr Delmar Cullen, 30 Borron Ave, #206, Sault Ste Marie, OP P6B 1E6: MyrtleV AT Soonet.ca
CAF -webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/hist/411sqn_e.htm [AFAC 0204]

412 'Falcon' -eskadervereniging 412 Squadron, 58 Service Road, McDonald Cartier Airport, Gloucester, ON, K1V 7B2 [AFAC 0405]

413 'Tusker' Squadron RCAF Association 413 (T & ampR) eskader, 14 vleuel Greenwood, Box 5000, Stn Main Forces, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/413_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

414 'Sarnia Imperials' (City of Sarnia) eskadervereniging Ron Stover rstover AT sympatico.co
webwerf http: // www.rcaf.com/squadrons/400series/414squadron.php [FWH0707]

415 'Swordfish' Squadron RCAF Association - sien Eastmoor Family en 404 Squadron
www.415sqn.com [FWH1007]

416 (Stad van Oshawa) eskadervereniging Mnr J Haycock, 4038 Bridlepath Trail, Mississauga, ON, L5L 3E9 of
Mnr G Jennings, 127 Wing Association, Box 194, Central Butte, SK, S0H 0T0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/416_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

417 (City of Windsor) eskadervereniging Mnr N Malayney, 305 Sentraal, Kamsask, SK, S0A 1S0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/417_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

418 (City of Edmonton) Squadron Association President FA Johnson, TedMar Farm, RR#4, Stirling, ON K0K 3E0, tel 613 395 3990
Mr R B Irwin, 4105 - 2829 Arbutus Road, Victoria, BC, V8N 5X5 [AFAC 0405]

419 'Moose' (Stad Kamloops) Eskadervereniging Historikus: Vincent Elmer, 691 20th Street West, Prince Albert, SK, S6V 4H4 - sien ook RAF Middleton St George
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/419_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

420 'Snowy Owl' (City of London) Squadron Association - sien RAF Middleton St George [FWH0607]

421 'Red Indian' Squadron Association - sien 403 Eskader
webwerf http://www3.sympatico.ca/angels_eight/index.html [AFAC 0405]

422 'Flying Yachtsman' Eskadervereniging Mr H Kerrison, 43 Rue Chamonix Est, Cantley, QC, J8V 3B2: berry AT infonet.ca
of Sekretaris: me Jean Doern, Lockwoodstraat 178, Winnipeg, MB, R3N 1R8
webwerf http://www.georgian.net/422sqdrn/ [AFAC 0405]

423 'Bald Eagle' eskadervereniging - 423 Squadron, 12 Wing Shearwater, Box 5000, Stn Main, Shearwater, NS B0J 3A0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/423_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

423 Squadron RCAF Association (VK) J Wright, 40 Cae Mair, Beaumaris, Gwynedd, Wallis LL58 8YN
webwerf: www.rquirk.com [AA AUT2000]

424 'Tiger' (City of Hamilton) eskadervereniging
Mr W R Nicolle, 4390 Rumble Street, Burnaby, BC, V5J 2A1
www.rcaf424.ca [FWH1113]

425 'Alouette' (Stad van Quebec) eskadervereniging Voorsitter: mnr P Bourdages, 7 Rose-des-Cedres, Boisbriand, QC, CANADA, J7G 1N8-sien ook 6 groepbomberkommando-vereniging
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/3wing/squadron/425_e.html [AFAC 0405]

426 'Thunderbird' (City of Regina) eskadervereniging Larry Motiuk, 39 Higwood Drive, Ottawa, ON, K2E 5K9 larmot AT sympatico.ca
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadron/426hist_e.asp [AFAC 0405]

426 Eskader (VK) Len Pratt, Parkfieldweg 3, Taunton, Somerset TA1 4RL: tel 01823 025 2343 [FWH0405]

427 'Leeu' -eskadervereniging Al d'Eon, Broadlands Blvd 22, Don Mills, ON, M3A 1J2 [AFAC 0405]

427 'Lion' Squadron (VK) Len Pratt, Parkfieldweg 3, Taunton, Somerset TA1 4RL: tel 01823 025 2343 [FWH0405]

428 'Ghost' Squadron Association - sien RAF Middleton St George [FWH0607]

429 'Bison' -eskadervereniging 429 (T) Squadron, 8 Wing Trenton, Box 1000, Stn Forces, Astra, ON, K0K 1B0: of Greg Kopchuk, 13216 - 116th Street, Edmonton, AB T5E 5H7: gkopchuk AT yahoo.com
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadrpn/429_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

430 'Silver Falcon' (City of Sudbury) eskadervereniging 430 (TH) Eskader, CFB Valcartier, Box 1000, Stn Forces, Courcelette, QC, G0A 4Z0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/430_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

431 'Iroquois' (Stad Simcoe) Eskadervereniging W Baluk, RR2, Colbourne, ON, K0K 1S0: kblazer AT eagle.ca
of 431 (AD) Eskader, 15 Wing Moose Jaw, Box 5000, Stn Forces, Moose Jaw, SK, S6H 7Z8: webwerf http://www.moosejaw.dnd.ca/ [AFAC 0405]

432 Eskadervereniging 'Leaside' (Town of Leaside) Mr J Wright, Burndale Ave 127, Willowdale, ON, M2N 1S8 - sien ook 'Eastmoor -gesin [AFAC 0405]
persoonlike 432 webwerf: http://www.angelfire.com/ca/gcarruth/Ops.html [FWH0907]

433 'Porcupine' Squadron RCAF Association Mr J F Descent, Third Avenue 161, Arnprior, K7S 1Z1
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/3wing/squadron/433_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

434 'Bluenose' -eskadervereniging Mr W V Dumas, 14 Wing Greenwood, Box 5000, Stn Main Forces, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
persoonlike webwerf http://www.telusplanet.net/public/dickieb/harry/ [FWH1007]
http://www.shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/squadrons/434sqn.htm [AFAC 0405]

435 'Chinthe' Eskadervereniging Voorsitter: Arthur Adams, Box 403, Stn B, Etobicoke, ON, M9W 5L4 [AFAC 10/00]
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/435_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

436 'Olifant' -eskadervereniging - sien 435 vierkante meter [AFAC 0405]

437 'Husky' eskadervereniging 437 Squadron, CFB Trenton/8 Wing, Box 1000, Stn Forces, Astra, ON, K0K 1B0
of John E Milne, 96 Irma Court, Ancaster, ON, L9G 1K7
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadron/437_e.html [AFAC 10405]

438 'Wildcat' (City of Montreal) eskadervereniging Andr Lord, 15 - 7315 rue Chauvin, St Hubert, QC, J3Y 6K2
I Stuart, 6432 Laurentian Way SW, Calgary, AB T3N 5N1 [AFAC 0405]

439 'Sabre Tooth Tiger' (City of Westmount) eskadervereniging 439 (CS) Squadron, MWO MT Melnick, 3 Wing Bagotville, Alouette, QC, G0V 1A0: toocon AT hotmail.com [AFAC 0405]

440 'Beaver' (Stad Ottawa) eskadervereniging Mnr HJ Hardy, 4566 Portland St, Burnaby, BC V5J 2N9
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/440_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

441 'Silver Fox' -eskadervereniging Mnr JC Copeland, Iroquoisweg 816, Ottawa, ON, K2A 3N2
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/441_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

442 'Caribou' (City of Vancouver) eskadervereniging 442 eskader, 19 vleuel, Comox, Box 1000, Stn Forces, Lazo, BC, V0R 2K0
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/19wing/squadron/442_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

443 'Tiger' Squadron Association - sien 403 vierkante meter
webwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/443_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

gestig na WO 2

444 'Cobra' -eskadervereniging 444 (CS) Squadron, 5 Wing Goose Bay, Goose Airport Station A, Goose Bay, NF, A0P 1S0
5 Vleuelwebwerf http://www.airforce.forces.ca/5wing/squadron/444_e.asp [AFAC 0405]

445 'Wolverine' eskadervereniging Mr D J Deakin, Brent Road 731, Comox, BC, V9M 3V9: deak AT island.net
webwerf www.geocities.com/445squadron [AFA 0405]

446-449 Eskaderverenigings - nie bekend nie [AFAC 0405]

450 eskader RAAF Vereniging Ingelyf: Sekretaris/Redakteur Sandi Nipperess, Bulwara Place 13, BOLTON PUNT NSW 2283: tel 02 4959 9979: sekretaris AT 450squadron.org.au
www.450squadron.org.au [FWH0307]

451 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

452/457 Eskader RAAF - sien 54 Eskader

453 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

454/459 Eskader RAAF wyle Bryan Rostron was die Britse kontakpersoon: het iemand hom vervang? [FWH0620]
https://www.454-459squadrons.org.au/

455 Eskader RAAF: Vereniging nie bekend nie

458 Eskader RAAF Vereniging Edwin Jewell, Sekretaris - 61 Wyeree Rd, Mandurah, Wes -Australië 6210 [FWH0905]

460 (RAAF) Eskadervereniging
Australië: 6 Valewood Crescent, Mansfield NSW 2122, Australië
Verenigde Koninkryk
: P Gibby, Rydal Drive 10, Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN4 9ST: tel 01892 522231 [FP 1200]
webwerwe: http://home.st.net.au/

dunn/460sqdn.htm [FWH 0204]
http://www.gordonstooke.com/460squadron [FWH 0403]

461 Eskader - sien 10 eskader [AA 10/00]

462 Eskader: sien 460 Eskader: webwerf http://www.awm.gov.au/units/unit_11167.asp [FWH 0204]
Halifax Appreciation Society webwerf - 462, 466 eskaders http://www.halifaxbomber.com/ [FWH 0602]
persoonlike webwerf http://www.ovomalley.com/ [FWH 0204]

463 Eskader: sien 467-463 Lancaster-eskaders

464 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

466 (RAAF) Eskadervereniging Sekretaris: Stan Parker, Grove Road 84, Benfleet, Essex, SS7 1JJ [RWD]
Halifax Appreciation Society webwerf - 462, 466 eskaders http://www.halifaxbomber.com/ [FWH 0602]

467/463 RAAF Lancaster Squadrons Association UK Branch Sekretaris: J Skeet, 22c Belgravia Rd, Onchan, Douglas, IM3 1HH, Isle of Man: tel 01624 614389: jillskeetATmanx.net [FWH 1117]

467/463 RAAF Squadrons Association inligting oor die tak in Queensland ingewag
Australiese blog https://www.facebook.com/463467-Lancaster-RAAF-Squadrons-130200603783086/ [FWH 0817]

467/463 RAAF -eskaders Peter Johnson se gearchiveerde webwerf: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/25490/20100110-0004/www.467463raafsquadrons.com/L01Pgs/contents.html [FWH 1117]

485 (NZ) eskadervereniging Len Jordan, 2 Orchard Way, Roade, Northampton NN7 2PN [FP 0598 opgedateer]

486 Eskader tot 488 Eskader: Vereniging - onbekend

489 Torpedo Bomber Squadron RNZAF: Kontak by 434/21 Fairview Ave, Fairview Heights, Albany, North Shore 0632, Nieu -Seeland
489squadronassociation AT gmail.com
webwerf https://sites.google.com/site/no489squadronassociation/489-squadron-history
Oorlogsgeskiedenis van 300 bladsye gepubliseer Februarie 2007 [FWH0815]

490 (NZ) eskaderkontak Gordon Webb 18 Seymour Rd Gisborne Nieu -Seeland: tel (06) 8676065 spiderw AT xtra.co.nz [FWH0312]

500 (County of Kent) Squadron Old Comrades Association Harry Hutchings, 'Sinoia', Ship Street, East Grinstead, West Sussex RH19 4EE [FWH0109]

501 (County of Gloucester) eskadervereniging
Voorsitter: Ken Kerslake, 145 Wellington Hill West, Henleaze, Bristol, BS9 4QS
Sekretaris: A Cooper, Larch Drive 6, Gallaghers 'Copse, Andover, SP10 3DE: 01264 333410
a.cooper9 BY btinternet.com

502 (Ulster) eskadervereniging - sien Wings/Command -bladsy - Coastal Command Halifax -eskaders

503 (County of Lincoln) eskader - Vereniging bestaan ​​nie meer nie: kontakpunt - J E Bury, 25 Church Path, Emsworth, Hampshire PO10 7DP [FWH 0806]

504 (County of Nottingham) Squadron Association: Officer Commanding, No 504 (County of Nottingham) Squadron RAuxAF, RAF Wittering, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire PE9 6HE [FWH0716]

510 Eskader tot 513 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

514 Eskadervereniging: Clive Hill, Posbus 15084, Birmingham B35 9DE, West Midlands: raf514assn AT btinternet.com
Kanadese kontakpersoon vir 514 Squadron RAF is Wendy Flemming: deno11 AT shaw.ca
514 Sqn huldeblyk -webwerf http://freespace.virgin.net/tracy.triumph/Info.html [FWH 0610]

515 Eskadervereniging Bill Bridgman blyk nie meer aktief te wees nie [FWH 02/21]

516 Eskader - geen vereniging nie, maar Phil Jones verskaf 'n inligtingspunt: Phil Jones, 11 Tan y Fron, Crossgates, Llandrindod Wells, Powys LD1 6RP: 01597 851412:
Phillip.c.jones BY btinternet.com
sien ook: http://www.combinedops.com/516%20Att%20Sqdns.htm [FWH1010]

517/518/519/520 Eskader Peter Rackliff is in Mei 2019 oorlede. Https://peter-rackliff.muchloved.com/
Selfs die voëls loop: die verhaal van meteorologiese verkenning in die oorlog Kington, John A. Rackliff, Peter G. (Tempus, 2000)
As daar 'n nuwe kontak is, laat weet asb. [FWH0120]

521 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

524 Eskader tot 529 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

530 Eskader tot 539 Eskader (Die Turbinlite Eskader): Vereniging nie bekend nie

540 Eskader tot 541 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

542 Eskaderregister: Tony Regan, 25 Lydgates Rd, Seaton, Devon EX12 2BX: tel 01297 20376 of 20280: Turbo542 BY aol.com [FWH 0302]

543 Squadron Aircrew Association: http://www.543sqn.org.uk/ [FWH 0717]

544 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

547 Eskader (Kingfisher Club) 547 Sqn Coastal Command J A Peck, 47 St Cuthbert St, Wells, Somerset: tel 01749 675789 [INT SPR05]

548 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

549 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

550 Squadron & amp RAF North Killingholme Association http://550squadron.wordpress.com/
www.550squadronassociation.org.uk/ Mike Leeman, Three Trees, Church Lane, North Killingholme, Immingham, North Lincolnshire DN40 3JH [FWH0310]

567 Eskader: Vereniging: nie bekend nie

570 Eskader: Vereniging onbekend: sien 38 Groep

571 muskiet eskader: Frank Diamond DFC AE, Honeycourt, Palmers Lane, Aylsham, Norwich, Norfolk, NR11 6JA: tel 01263 731063 [INT AUT99 reggestel]

575 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

576 Eskader - sien via http://www.raffiskertonairfield.co.uk./ [FWH1016]

577 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

578 Eskadervereniging (ook RAF Burn) Sekretaris Grp Capt Des Hollis RAF (Retd), Butterfield Lodge, Convent Road, Sidmouth, Devon EX10 8RB: 01395 572822: hollisd AT tinyonline.co.uk [INT W02]

582 Eskadervereniging - sien 109 Eskader

587 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

595 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

597 Eskader - sien 569 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

598 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

600 (City of London) Squadron Association - Andy Cameron, 53 Telford Crescent, Woodley, Reading, Berks, RG5 4QT therightoftheline600-newsletterATyahoo.co.uk [FWH0515]

601 (County of London) Squadron Association - sien 600 (City of London) Squadron Association [FWH0515]

602 (City of Glasgow) eskadervereniging [FWH 02/01] Roddy MacGregor, 3 Hebrides Grove, Kip Marina Village, Inverkip, Inverclyde PA16 0BQ: 01475 529484:
roddyhonsec AT onetel.com [FWH 0906]

603 (Stad van Edinburgh) eskader Vereniging Voorsitter Sqn Ldr Bruce Blanche RAuxAF (Ret), Tara, Laighill Place, Dunblane, Perthshire FK15 0BJ: 01786 823875: faks 01786 824655: blanche AT blanche.co.uk
Sekretaris mnr James Renwick, Saughton Mainsstraat 16, Edinburgh EH11 3HF: 0131 443 5794
Bruce Blanche is ook die amptelike historikus en argivaris van RAuxAF [FWH0906]

604 (County of Middlesex) eskadervereniging - sien 600 (City of London) Squadron Association [FWH0515]

605 (County of Warwick) eskadervereniging ontbind op 31 Desember 2006. "605" historikus Ian Piper 07811 450158 gaan voort soos die kontakpunt handhaaf http://www.605squadron.co.uk/ [FWH0607]

607 (County of Durham) eskadervereniging Hon Sekretaris: Alan G Parkes, Elizabethweg 6, Walsall, West Midlands WS5 3PF [FWH1111]

608 (North Riding of Yorkshire) Squadron Association - word geglo dat dit nie meer bestaan ​​nie, is daar 'n inligtingskontak?

609 (West Riding of Yorkshire) Squadron Association Hugh Mulligan, 44 Carisbrooke Crescent, Etherley Dene, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham DL14 0RW: tel 01388 607007: mullihm AT hotmail.com [FWH 0906]
webwerf http://www.609wrsquadron.co.uk/

610 (County of Chester) eskadervereniging 7, Lawn Drive, Upton, Chester, CH2 1ER http://www.610squadron.com/ [FWH0109]

611 (West Lancashire) eskader slegs inligting - K Reeves, Digby Drive 34, Greasby, Wirral, Merseyside, L49 1RF [FWH 1004]

612 (graafskap Aberdeen) Eskadervereniging - wag op opdatering

613 (City of Manchester) eskadervereniging Terry Holden, Vale Road 9, Wilmslow, Cheshire SK9 5QA: tel 01625 524294 [INT SUM04]

614 (County of Glamorgan) Eskadervereniging ontbind 2004: kontak mnr D J Park, Saffronsrylaan 5, St Mellons, Cardiff
CF3 0NH [FWH0109]

615 (County of Surrey) eskadervereniging Hon Sekretaris: E W "Bill" Bailey, 43 Juniper Close, Guildford, Surrey GU1 1NX: tel 01483 571502 [FWH1004]

616 (South Yorkshire) Squadron Association Eric J Browne, 6 Tatenhall Gardens, Cantley Acres, Doncaster DN4 6TL: tel 01302 539650 [FWH1004]
'n webwerf http://homepages.force9.net/turner/
'n webwerf http://www.redtwo.demon.co.uk/616/Welcomehist.htm

617 Eskadervereniging Sekretaris Chris Henderson, Springfield Farm, Old Church Lane, Pateley Bridge, Harrogate HG3 5LY apresmoiATbtinternet.com
Amptelike historikus dr Robert M Owen, 3 The Quadrangle, Welwyn Garden City, AL8 6SG: apresmoiATbtinternet.com
vir webwerf van 617 vierkante meter, sien tans RAF Marham [FWH0618]

618 Eskader: 'n kontakpunt: Alan Mudge, Hawarden, Golden Gym, Pentney, KINGS LYNN, Norfolk PE32 1JF: 01760 337514: bombhead40ATaol.com [FWH0312]

619 Eskadervereniging J L Whiteley, 16 Lightwood Close, Knowle, Solihull, West Midlands, B93 9LS: tel 01564 773872 [BCA 4/99 opgedateer]

620 Eskaderregister Flt Lt A T Gamble RAF (Retd) 31 Fairfields, St Ives, Cambridgeshire PE27 5QG: tel 01480 464212 [FWH 02/01]: sien ook 38 Group

621 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

622 Eskader - sien Mildenhall Register [FWH1010]

623 Eskader Navorsing Steve Smith se blog http://623squadron.wordpress.com/

624 Eskadervereniging: Flt Lt Dover, 4624 (County of Oxford) Movements Squadron, RAF Brize Norton, Carterton, Oxfordshire: 624 Sqn -webwerf http://www.624squadron.org/ [FWH 02/01]

625 Squadron RAF Memorial Association Hon Sec: Nic Lewis, 2 Eyebury Cottages, Eyebury Road, Eye, Peterborough PE6 7TH: 01733 223111: sec AT 625squadron.org [FWH0309]

626 Eskader - Anne Law, kurator, RAF Wickenby -gedenkversameling, Wickenby Aerodrome, Nr Langworth, Lincoln, LN3 5AX: 01673 885000: rafwmmAThotmail.com: www.rafwmm.flyer.co.uk [FWH 1112]

627 Eskader in aftrede Chris Webb, Squirrels Heath Avenue 25, Gidea Park, Romford, Essex, RM2 6AD: tel 01708 725260: webwerf http://www.627squadron.co.uk/: e -pos (Alan Hunter) dave AT eastwestworld.co.uk [FWH 0307]

628 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

630 Eskadervereniging - sien 57 Eskader

631 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

635 Eskader - sien 35 Eskader

639 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

640 Eskadervereniging Argief Mike Wood, 4 Station Road, Foggathorpe, Selby, Yorkshire YO8 6PT [FWH 02/01]

644 Eskader: webwerf http://www.644squadron.com/ [van AFAC webwerf 08/00]: sien ook 38 Group

650 Eskader: navorsingsnavrae - Glynn Griffith RAF Millom Museum, Bankside Estate, Haverigg, Millom, Cumbria LA18 4NA: 01229 770340 e -pos: curator AT rafmillom.co.uk

AOP -eskaders - sien ook die Lugwaarnemingsposbeamptesvereniging in 'Ander'

651 AOP -eskader tot 655 AOP -eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie

656 Eskadervereniging Andrew Simkins UGO, The Sanctuary, 5 Court Farm Close, Winsham, Chard, Somerset. TA20 4JY. Tel: 07866-054196: ajnsimkins AT hotmail.co.uk: webwerf: www.656squadron.org [FWH0914]

657 AOP -eskader tot 666 AOP -eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie - vir 663 vierkante meter, sien 300 vierkante meter

667 Eskader: Vereniging nie bekend nie


Britse vliegtuie eskader getalle verduidelik

Het u al ooit gewonder hoe die Britse nommerstelsel vir vliegtuigeskaders ontwikkel het? Hier is 'n kort uiteensetting van hoe dit aan die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gestaan ​​het, maar as gevolg van die aard van die navorsing, kan sommige eskaders wat na die oorlog ontstaan ​​het, eintlik gevorm het, soos 361 vierkante meter en waar dit bekend is. Dit is nie 'n definitiewe gids nie, maar 'n beginpunt as u verder wil ondersoek.

Die term eskader word al lankal deur die Royal Navy en Army gebruik om 'n eenheid van mans of toerusting te beteken; u kan byvoorbeeld 'n vloot -vernietiger -eskader of die spesiale boot -eskader hê. Die POF gebruik dit ook om eenhede op die grond aan te dui, dit wil sê eenhede van die RAF -regiment, Bomb Disposal -eskader of Air Training Corps (die RAF -jeugbeweging) eenhede, my plaaslike een is 1101 eskader.

Kort geskiedenis

Militêre lugvaart het in die 19de eeu begin met waarnemingsballonne van die Britse weermag. Die eerste volle vlieënde eenheid is in 1911 gestig as die lugbataljon van die Royal Engineers. In 1912 brei die bataljon uit na die militêre vleuel van die Royal Flying Corps. Op 1 April 1918 is die Royal Flying Corps saamgevoeg met die Royal Naval Air Service om die Royal Air Force, die oudste onafhanklike lugmag ter wêreld, te vorm.

1 - 149 eskader is gevorm uit RFC -eskaders, sommige hiervan is gevorm gedurende die laaste maande van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog en het opgewerk, maar was nog nooit in werking voor die wapenstilstand nie, byvoorbeeld 129 en 136 eskaders, maar hulle het tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog in werking getree.

201-217 eskader is hernoem vanaf die RNAS-eskaders wat tydens WWI in Frankryk werksaam was, die res van hierdie 200 blok is gevorm uit verskillende RNAS-vlugte, sodat die nommering nie so konsekwent is as met die RFC-eskaders nie.

In 1924 is die Fleet Air Arm van die Royal Air Force gevorm om vliegtuie van Royal Navy -skepe te vlieg, maar die vliegtuig bly onder die direkte beheer van die RAF tot 23 Mei 1939 toe die Admiraliteit uiteindelik weer volle beheer herwin het. Die Army Air Corps het in 1942 gestig en het uiteindelik sy eskadergetalle van die RAF geneem.

Tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het die RAF eskaders in die 300 -reeks gehad wat bestaan ​​uit buitelandse vliegtuigbemanning uit die besette Europa, Pools, Tsjeggies, Frans, Nederlands, Belgies, Grieks, Joegoslavies en Noors. Die bemanning van die Statebond (Ryk) het eskaders in die 400 -reeks gevorm as gevolg van artikel XV van die Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Na die oorlog is baie van hierdie getalle as basis gebruik vir die vorming van eiers van hul eie nasionale lugmagte, sommige word vandag nog gebruik. 75 eskader is gevorm as 'n RAF -eenheid bekend as Nieu -Seeland en is deur baie Nieu -Seelanders beman. Na die oorlog is dit as 'n volledige eenheid na die RNZAF oorgeplaas, die enigste buite die 300 /400 -reeks wat dit werklik gedoen het. Dit het laas A4 Skyhawks gevlieg en word nou slegs in naam gelaat.

Die uitsondering op hierdie nommerstelsel was die Eagle -eskaders, 71, 121 en 123, gevorm uit Amerikaanse vrywilligers wat eerder as om na Kanada te reis en by die RCAF aan te sluit, soos baie van hul landgenote direk na die Verenigde Koninkryk gekom het, waarvan sommige oorspronklik vir Finland wou veg. teen Sowjet -Rusland. Hulle is uiteindelik in 1943 na die Amerikaanse 8ste Lugmag oorgeplaas en word die 334ste, 335ste en 336ste vegvliegtuig, 4de Vegtergroep. 164 eskader was ook 'n uitsondering deur vrywilligers uit Argentinië wat 'n groot bevolking gehad het.

'N Groot aantal eskaders het ook benewens syfers ook name gehad, byvoorbeeld, 610 vierkante meter is County of Chester, dit is 'n RAuxAF -eskader vernoem na die gebied waarmee dit opereer en sy manne grootgemaak het. Ander eskaders het name gehad ten opsigte van die insamelingspogings van die streke, stede of groepe wat bygedra het tot die aankoop van vliegtuie wat deur hierdie eskaders gebruik is, 129 is Mysore, 125 Newfoundland en 247 Chinese Britte genoem. Sommige eskaders is meer bekend vir hul byname as werklike name; 74 vierkante meter is 'n goeie voorbeeld, amptelik is hulle Trinidad genoem na 'n voorlegging van Spitfires deur die eiland in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, maar is beter bekend as almal.

Baie eskaders het amptelike kentekens en leuse, 'n hele paar het nie -amptelike leuse. Die basiese RAF -eskader -kenteken is dieselfde vir alle eskaders, 'n sirkel in Air Force Blue met 'n kroon. Die eskadernommer is aan beide kante van die sirkel op 900 en 2700 posisies, die woorde Royal Air Force verskyn in die onderste helfte en eskader in die boonste helfte. Hieronder verskyn 'n leuse in 'n boekrol. Die leuse kan in elke taal wees; Latyn is gewoonlik, dws 202 vierkante meter 'Semper Vigilante', (Wees altyd waaksaam), sommige het dit in Engels, 74 vierkante meter 'I Fear No Man' en ander tale, Maori vir 75 vierkante meter 'Ake Ake Kia Kaha' (Vir ewig en altyd sterk wees), of Nederlands, ‘Niet praten maar doen’ (Handelinge, nie woorde nieDie Poolse eskaders het nie hierdie konvensie gevolg met hul eie kentekens nie.

Sekere eskadergetalle is bekend, 617, die Dambusters is waarskynlik die bekendste voorbeeld; ander, soos 633, is heeltemal fiktief.

Numeriese reeks
Die getallereeks is in die volgende tabel met 'n kort uiteensetting van die tipe eskader, waar van toepassing.

Getalreeks Operateur Notas
1 – 149 Gewone RAF -eskaders Voorheen eskaders van die Royal Flying Corps
150 - 199 Gewone RAF -eskaders Gestig na die stigting van die RAF
200 – 299 Gewone RAF -eskaders Voorheen Royal Naval Air Service
300 - 352 eskaders is gevorm uit ballingse vlieëniers wat hoofsaaklik uit besette Europa ontsnap het
300 – 309 Poolse eskaders Vlieëniers in die Poolse vegspan in Noord -Afrika was 145 vierkante meter verbonde
315 - 318 Poolse eskaders
310 - 314 Tsjeggiese eskaders 314 is nie gebruik nie
320 – 325 Nederlandse eskaders 323 - 325 nie tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gebruik nie, maar deur die RNethAF na -oorlog
326 – 329
340 - 347
Franse eskaders
330 - 334 Noorse eskaders Nog steeds operasioneel met RNoAF. Nommers 335 - 339 het ook na -oorlog gebruik
335 - 336 Griekse eskaders Nog steeds in werking as 335 en 336 Bomber Squadrons Hellenic AF
337 – 339 348 Nooit gevorm nie
349 en 350 Belgiese eskaders Nog steeds operasioneel met die Belgiese AF
351 en 352 Joegoslaviese eskaders Vorm die eerste vegterregiment van die Joegoslaviese AF na -oorlog
353 – 358 Gewone RAF -eskaders Alles in Suidoos -Asië se kommando
361 en 362 Gewone RAF -eskaders Naoorlogse eskader
359, 362 - 399 Nooit gevorm nie
Die volgende eskaders, 400 - 499, is ingevolge artikel XV van die British Commonwealth Air Training Plan gevorm om onder RAF -beheer te dien
400 - 443 Royal Canadian Air Force Gebruik deur die RCAF naoorlog
444 -449 Nooit gevorm as oorlogstydse eskaders nie Gebruik deur die RCAF naoorlog
450 - 467 Royal Australian Air Force Nie na die oorlog gebruik deur die RAAF nie
468 - 484 Nooit gevorm nie
485 - 490 Royal New Zealand Air Force Nie na die oorlog gebruik deur die RNZAF nie
491 - 499 Nooit gevorm nie
Royal Auxiliary Air Force en gewone RAF -eskaders
500 – 504 Royal Auxiliary Air Force Oorspronklik spesiale reserwe -eskaders
505 - 509 Nooit gevorm nie
510 – 550 Royal Air Force
551 – 566 Nooit gevorm nie Operasionele opleidingseenheidnommers moes wees, met 500 by die OTU, maar nooit gebruik nie
567 - 599 Royal Air Force 599 Nooit gevorm nie
600 - 616 Royal Auxiliary Air Force 606 (Chiltern) is nooit gebruik nie
617 - 650 Gewone RAF -eskaders 629, 632-634, 636-638 en 645-649 het nooit gevorm nie
651 – 666 AOP (Air Observation Post) Getalle wat oorgedra is na die Army Air Corps behalwe 661 - 664 en 666 wat RAuxAF -eskaders was
667 - 699 Gewone RAF -eskaders 693, 694, 696 - 699 nooit gevorm nie
900 - 999 Gewone RAF -eskaders Ballon en lugverdediging
1435 RAF Uniek omdat dit 'n hernommering was van 1435 vlugdiens in Italië en as sodanig alleen staan
Vloot lugarm
700 – 799 Vloot lugarm Opleiding en ondersteuning van eskaders
800 – 899 Vloot lugarm Vervoerder en landgebaseerde operasionele eskader
1800 - 1899 Vloot lugarm Word gebruik toe die 700 & amp 800 -reeks opraak. Sommige het slegs 'n paar weke geduur
1900 - 1999 Vloot lugarm

Soos u kan sien, is dit 'n kakofonie van getalle wat deurmekaar is deur die behoeftes van oorlogstyd en die oorsprong van die RAF.

Daarbenewens is daar talle eskaders, soos die Operational Conversion Units, proefeenhede en University Air Squadrons, waar universiteitsstudente kan leer vlieg terwyl hulle nog studeer, 'n hele aantal loopbane in die RAF. Die Oxford UAS het byvoorbeeld 'n aantal ervare vlieëniers aan die RAF gevoer voor en tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.


Ere -rol van RAF en die Gemenebest -lugmag - die projek sonder lugrederye

Dit is 'n databasis van alle slagoffers van die lugmag in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. Die primêre data is afkomstig van die CWGC -webwerf en is verbeter deur die AIR81 -data van die National Archives en die Unaccounted Airmen and Airwomen Project wat deur die laat begin is Henk Welting, en word voortgesit deur die forumlede. Hierdie webwerf help u om maklik na 'n ongeval te soek op grond van 'n gedeeltelike naam of nommer, presiese datum of jaar van dood, die vliegtuig wat met die slagoffer verband hou, of besonderhede verskaf. Klik op Van om meer besonderhede en bronne te sien.

The data continously feeds into some Graphical Charts : View some of the charts here

Your current query terms returns 122434 records, 115837 records (94.61%) have circumstances of death. 6597 records (5.39%) do not have details.

RanglysName, Number, Trade & DetailsDatumEenheidLandCemetery/Memorial & Loc Ref
Aircraftman 2nd ClassFrank Aston BOWYER (641028) Forum Post 1939-09-03
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeorge William HART (350110) Forum Post 1939-09-03
Aircraftman 1st ClassPhilip Herbert WARREN (561954) More Details 1939-09-03
Pilot OfficerEllard Alexander CUMMINGS (40803) Pilot Wallace II K6028 AIR81/4749 1939-09-03
Leading AircraftmanAlexander Ronald Renfrew STEWART (521250) Wallace II K6028 AIR81/4749 1939-09-03
Pilot OfficerJohn Noel Laughton ISAAC (90721) Blenheim I L1164 AIR81/4747 1939-09-03AIR27
Leading AircraftmanGeoffrey SLADE (524194) Forum Post 1939-09-04
Aircraftman 1st ClassJohn Joseph WALSH (233835) Forum Post 1939-09-04
Flight LieutenantWilliam Frank BARTON (34213) Pilot Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
KorporaalJames Leslie RICKETTS (519859) Wireless Op Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Pilot OfficerWilliam Joseph MURPHY (39748) Pilot Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantLeslie Robert WARD (564477) Pilot Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantOwen Lobb Dunkirk HOWELLS (564670) Pilot Blenheim IV N6189 Forum Post 1939-09-04AIR27
Flying OfficerHerbert Brian LIGHTOLLER (37884) Pilot Blenheim IV N6189 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantAlbert Stanley PRINCE (580195) Pilot Blenheim IV N6240 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassEdward PATEMAN (548974) Wireless Op Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassErnest William LYON (546679) U/T Wireles Blenheim IV N6189 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Flying OfficerHenry Lovell EMDEN (36138) Pilot Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassRalph EVANS (537187) U/T Wireles Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantStanley George Mckenna OTTY (509143) Observer Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassThomas THOMSON (621153) Forum Post 1939-09-04AIR27
Flying OfficerEarl Douglas GODFREY (39167) Pilot Hudson I N7239 AIR81/1501 1939-09-04AIR27
Flight LieutenantGuy Percy ROBINSON (33282) Pilot Hudson I N7239 AIR81/1501 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantRaymond Charles GROSSEY (516460) Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Flying OfficerJohn Frederick ROSS (39340) Navigator Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Flight SergeantIan Edward Maitland BORLEY (365199) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Leading AircraftmanHarry DORE (531093) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassRobert HENDERSON (618765) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Flight SergeantGeorge MILLER (580160) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
KorporaalGeorge William PARK (524855) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassKenneth George DAY (549741) Wireless Op Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantDonald Edward JARVIS (565602) Pilot Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Flight SergeantAlbion John TURNER (561939) Pilot Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeorge Thomas BROCKING (546065) Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
SersantBertie Greville WALTON (550292) Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Pupil PilotJames Healy CAVANAGH () Forum Post 1939-09-05
Pupil PilotJohn Whitford HADLEY () Forum Post 1939-09-05
Flying OfficerArnold Victor DOLPHIN () Wirraway A20-5 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
KorporaalHarold William JOHNSON (1727) Wirraway A20-5 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
Leading AircraftmanJohn QUILTER (524808) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeoffrey SHEFFIELD (552231) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
Second LieutenantDerrick TYLER (P/3434) Hurricane I SAAF 275 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
Pilot OfficerAnthony Richard PLAYFAIR (39679) Pilot Hampden I L4161 AIR81/1492 1939-09-05AIR27 HESLOP (566050) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassFrederick William WANSTALL (547434) Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Pilot OfficerMontagu Leslie HULTON-HARROP (40116) Pilot Hurricane I L1985 Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Pilot OfficerDouglas George Brenchin PATON (40315) Pilot Spitfire Ia K9986 Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Leading AircraftmanJohn MUSGRAVE () Wireless Op Forum Post 1939-09-07
Leading AircraftmanJohn Lawrence CALPIN (531154) Hudson I N7247 Forum Post 1939-09-07AIR27
Flying OfficerHarry Dale GREEN (39155) Hudson I N7247 Forum Post 1939-09-07AIR27

We acknowledge that the data compiled here comes from multiple sources. National Archive ORBs (links given) and other external websites. Even for external websites - it is quite likely that they refer to published material on RAF history and losses. Some of these books/authors are acknowledged in our Essential RAF Researchers Book List. These Authors include (But not limited to) Bill Chorley, Colin Cummings, David Gunby, J J Halley,Ross McNeill and Pelham Temple. Additionally, the data on this site could not have been made possible without the serious contribution and help of the following websites. International Bomber Command Centre | Malcolm Barrass' RAFWEB : Air of Authority | National Archives (UK) | Air Crew Remembered | Jagan Pillarisetti's Bharat-Rakshak.


The Immense G-Forces Pulled the Blood From Tobin’s Brain, Causing Him to Black Out in the Cockpit

Shortly after shooting down his first enemy aircraft, another Me-110 presented itself. For the second time, Tobin pushed the throttle full forward and closed for the attack. When he was within range, about 100 yards away, he held his gunsight on the enemy’s engine and pressed the firing button.

The Messerschmitt took many hits and began to lose altitude. Tobin dove after him. When the Messerschmitt leveled off, Tobin pulled back sharply on his control column to stay with the fighter—too sharply. G forces pulled the blood from his brain, and Tobin blacked out “colder than a clam,” to use his own description. His Spitfire stalled and spun out of control. When he woke up, Tobin was only 1,000 feet above the Channel.

Although Tobin came close to shooting down the second Messerschmitt, he did not complain. He knew that he might have splattered himself all over the English Channel. When he returned to base, he expected to get a severe reprimand from Squadron Leader Darley. Instead, Darley and everyone else in 609 Squadron were very glad to see Tobin. They had watched him spinning toward the Channel and thought he had crashed.

Tobin was in the air nearly every day from late August to mid-September, which saw some of the hardest fighting of the battle. The climax came on September 15, when hundreds of Spitfires and Hurricanes, almost 200 over London alone, intercepted roughly 200 German bombers and over 400 fighters. The resulting engagement has been referred to as the greatest air battle of all time and has been celebrated in Britain ever since as Battle of Britain Day.

On the 15th, Tobin’s day began before dawn when he was rudely awakened by a squadron mate. He was annoyed at having his sleep interrupted and wanted to know why the hell he should get out of bed when it was not even daylight. “I’m not quite sure, old boy,” came the reply. “They say there’s an invasion on or something.” Tobin was more impressed by the tone of the reply than by the news itself.

Tobin and the rest of 609 Squadron were not scrambled until later in the morning, when they were sent over London to intercept an incoming raid. He could see about 100 German aircraft approaching from the south, about 50 Me-109s above, 25 Dorniers below, and another group of 25 bombers in the distance.

As one aviator is strapped into the cockpit of his Hawker Hurricane fighter, other pilots of the Eagle Squadron dash to the aircraft as an alarm is sounded during the Battle of Britain.

As junior man in his flight, Tobin was “tailend Charlie” again, weaving to protect the tails of the flight leader and his wingman. When his section was preparing to drop on the Dorniers below, Tobin heard his leader call, “Okay, Charlie, come on in.” Before he joined up, Tobin took one last look around and saw three yellow-nosed Me-109s closing in from behind.

He screamed into the microphone, “Danger, red section! Danger! Danger! Danger! Danger!” and throttled back to put his Spitfire into a 360-degree turn. The German pilots were not able to slow down from their dive and shot past Tobin. He fired at the last Messerschmitt that went past and saw smoke trail from it as all three of the fighters disappeared.

By this time, Tobin was all alone, and his height was down to about 8,000 feet. He began climbing again. When he reached 10,000 feet, he saw a single Dornier Do-215 bomber. The German pilot saw Tobin at about the same time and headed for a cloud bank. Tobin dove after the bomber, trying to cut it off before it could reach safety.

Tobin closed with the bomber before it could get to the cover of the cloud bank and pressed the firing button. The Dornier’s port aileron instantly became perforated with bullet holes, and the port engine began to smoke. “I followed it down and saw a Dornier 215 make a crash landing two or three miles east of Biggin Hill,” Tobin said. “Three of the crew got out and sat on the wing.”

Pilot Officer Tobin had another confirmed kill to his credit, as well as another Me-109 damaged. Also, he remembered not to pull the control stick too sharply and did not knock himself out with excessive G forces. Along with Shorty Keough and Andy Mamedoff, he was learning.


Subject Index: RAF and Commonwealth Squadrons - History

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RAF-Lincolnshire.info is dedicated to preserving the memory of all those Lincolnshire locations associated with military aviation and those who served on them. We aim to honour the heritage and legacy of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force units and squadrons based in Bomber County.

You will find summary histories of airfields and other locations, and of squadrons and other formations. Use the map to the left for quick navigation to stations. You can follow units as they move from station to station as these pages are all inter-linked. There are pages for the memorials to units based at Lincolnshire stations, photographs of stations and details of aviation museums. This site grows through visitors' contributions - see the 'thankyous' page for details of some of our helpers.

Although we focus on World War II we span the history of the RAF and its military aviation precursors from the dawn of manned military aviation to the present day. Sien die geskiedenis page for an overview.

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Inhoud

Formation, 1912 [ edit | wysig bron]

The RAAF traces its history back to the Imperial Conference held in London in 1911, where it was decided aviation should be developed within the armed forces of the British Empire. Australia implemented this decision, the only country to do so, by approving the establishment of the Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria on 22 October 1912. Γ] The RAAF was the second air force to be officially formed. Δ ]

First World War [ edit | wysig bron]

Soon after the outbreak of war in 1914, the Australian Flying Corps sent aircraft to assist in capturing German colonies in what is now north-east New Guinea. However, these colonies surrendered quickly, before the planes were even unpacked. The first operational flights did not occur until 27 May 1915, when the Mesopotamian Half Flight was called upon to assist the Indian Army in protecting British oil interests in what is now Iraq. Ε ]

The corps later saw action in Egypt, Palestine and on the Western Front throughout the remainder of the First World War. By the end of the war, four squadrons had seen operational service, while another four training squadrons had also been established. A total of 460 officers and 2,234 other ranks served in the AFC, whilst another 200 men served as aircrew in the British flying services. Ζ] Casualties included 175 dead, 111 wounded, 6 gassed and 40 captured. Η]

Inter-war period [ edit | wysig bron]

The Australian Flying Corps remained part of the Australian Army until 1919, when it was disbanded along with the First Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Although the Central Flying School continued to operate at Point Cook, military flying virtually ceased until 1920, when the Australian Air Corps was formed. The Australian Air Force was formed on 31 March 1921. King George V approved the prefix "Royal" in June 1921 and became effective on 31 August 1921. The RAAF then became the second Royal air arm to be formed in the British Commonwealth, following the British Royal Air Force. When formed the RAAF had more aircraft than personnel, with 21 officers and 128 other ranks and 153 aircraft. ⎖]

Second World War [ edit | wysig bron]

Europe and the Mediterranean [ edit | wysig bron]

In September 1939 the RAAF's Air Board directly controlled the Air Force via RAAF Station Laverton, RAAF Station Richmond, RAAF Station Pearce, No. 1 Flying Training School RAAF at Point Cook, RAAF Station Rathmines and five smaller units. ⎗]

In 1939, just after the outbreak of the Second World War, Australia joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, under which flight crews received basic training in Australia before travelling to Canada for advanced training. A total of 19 RAAF bomber, fighter, reconnaissance and other squadrons served initially in Britain, and/or with the Desert Air Force located in North Africa and the Mediterranean. About nine percent of the personnel who served under British RAF commands in Europe and the Mediterranean were RAAF personnel. ⎘ ]

With British manufacturing targeted by the German Luftwaffe, the Australian government created the Department of Aircraft Production (DAP later known as the Government Aircraft Factory) to supply Commonwealth air forces. [ aanhaling nodig ] and the RAAF was eventually provided with large numbers of locally built versions of British designs such as the DAP Beaufort torpedo bomber, Beaufighters and Mosquitos, as well as other types such as Wirraways, Boomerangs, and Mustangs. ⎙] In the European theatre of the war, RAAF personnel were especially notable in RAF Bomber Command: although they represented just two percent of all Australian enlistments during the war, they accounted for almost twenty percent of those killed in action. This statistic is further illustrated by the fact that No. 460 Squadron RAAF, mostly flying Avro Lancasters, had an official establishment of about 200 aircrew and yet had 1,018 combat deaths. The squadron was therefore effectively wiped out five times over. ⎚] Total RAAF casualties in Europe were 5,488 killed or missing. ⎙ ]

Pacific War [ edit | wysig bron]

Brewster Buffalo fighters, flown by many RAAF fighter pilots in the Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies campaigns, as seen here being inspected at RAF Sembawang, Singapore.

The beginning of the Pacific War—and the rapid advance of Japan forces—threatened the Australian mainland for the first time. The RAAF was quite unprepared for the emergency, and initially had negligible forces available for service in the Pacific. In 1941 and early 1942, many RAAF airmen, including 21 and 453 Squadrons, saw action with the RAF Far East Command in the Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies campaigns. Allied fighter pilots, in particular, performed well in the campaign, despite being outnumbered and the fact that many were allocated sub-standard examples of the Brewster Buffalo. [ aanhaling nodig ]

The devastating air raids on Darwin on 19 February 1942 drove the point home. Some RAAF squadrons were transferred from the northern hemisphere—although a substantial number remained there until the end of the war. Shortages of fighter and ground attack planes led to the acquisition of US-built P-40 Kittyhawks and the rapid design and manufacture of the first Australian fighter, the CAC Boomerang. RAAF Kittyhawks came to play a crucial role in the New Guinea and Solomon Islands campaigns, especially in operations like the Battle of Milne Bay. As a response to a possible Japanese chemical warfare threat the RAAF imported hundreds of thousands of chemical weapons into Australia. ⎛ ]

RAAF volunteers from Brisbane leaving for training

In the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, imported Bristol Beaufighters proved to be highly effective ground attack and maritime strike aircraft. Beaufighters were later made locally by the DAP. Although it was much bigger than Japanese fighters, the Beaufighter had the speed to outrun them. The RAAF's heavy bomber force was predominantly 287 B-24 Liberators, which could bomb Japanese targets as far away as Borneo and the Philippines from airfields in Australia and New Guinea. By late 1945, the RAAF had received or ordered about 500 P-51 Mustangs, for fighter/ground attack purposes. The Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation initially assembled US-made Mustangs, but later manufactured most of those used. [ aanhaling nodig ] The RAAF's main operational formation, the First Tactical Air Force, comprised more than 18,000 personnel and 20 squadrons it had taken part in the Philippines and Borneo campaigns and was scheduled to participate in the invasion of the Japanese mainland, Operation Downfall. So too were the RAAF bomber squadrons in Europe, as part of the proposed Tiger Force. However, the war was brought to a sudden end by the US nuclear attacks on Japan. As a result of the Empire Air Training Scheme, about 20,000 Australian personnel had served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe during the Second World War. [ aanhaling nodig ] A total of 216,900 men and women served in the RAAF, of whom 10,562 were killed in action a total of 76 squadrons were formed. ⎜ ]

Service since 1945 [ edit | wysig bron]

During the Berlin Airlift, in 1948–1949, the RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift aided the international effort to fly in supplies to the stricken city two RAF York aircraft were also crewed by RAAF crews. Although a small part of the operation, the RAAF contribution was significant, flying 2,062 sorties and carrying 7,030 tons of freight and 6,964 passengers. ⎝]

In the Korean War, from 1950–53, Mustangs from No. 77 Squadron RAAF, stationed in Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, were among the first United Nations aircraft to be deployed, in ground support, combat air patrol, and escort missions. When the UN planes were confronted by MiG-15 jet fighters, 77 Sqn acquired Gloster Meteors, which enabled some success against the Soviet pilots flying for North Korea. However, the MiGs were superior aircraft and the Meteors were relegated to ground support missions, as the North Koreans gained experience. The air force also operated transport aircraft during the conflict. No. 77 Squadron flew 18,872 sorties, claiming the destruction of 3,700 buildings, 1,408 vehicles, 16 bridges, 98 railway carriages and an unknown number of enemy personnel. Three MiG-15s were confirmed destroyed, and two others probably destroyed. RAAF casualties included 41 killed and seven captured 66 aircraft – 22 Mustangs and 44 Meteors – were lost. ⎞ ]

Two RAAF Mirage III fighters in 1980

In 1953, a Royal Air Force officer, Air Marshal Sir Donald Hardman, was brought out to Australia to become Chief of the Air Staff. ⎟] He reorganised the RAAF into three commands: Home Command, Maintenance Command, and RAAF Training Command. Five years later the commands were reorganised as Operational Command and RAAF Support Command. Support Command was made responsible for initial training, supply, administration and distribution of all aircraft, stores, and equipment, for maintenance, repair, and other administration. [ aanhaling nodig ] In the Malayan Emergency, from 1950–1960, six Lincolns from No. 1 Squadron RAAF and a flight of Dakotas from No. 38 Squadron RAAF took part in operations against the communist guerrillas (labelled as "Communist Terrorists" by the British authorities) as part of the RAF Far East Air Force. The Dakotas were used on cargo runs, in troop movement and in paratroop and leaflet drops within Malaya. The Lincolns, operating from bases in Singapore and from Kuala Lumpur, formed the backbone of the air war against the CTs, conducting bombing missions against their jungle bases. Although results were often difficult to assess, they allowed the government to harass CT forces, attack their base camps when identified and keep them on the move. Later, in 1958, Canberra bombers from No. 2 Squadron RAAF were deployed to Malaya and took part in bombing missions against the CTs. ⎠ ]

During the Vietnam War, from 1964–72, the RAAF contributed squadrons of Caribou STOL transport aircraft (RAAF Transport Flight Vietnam, later No. 35 Squadron RAAF), UH-1 Iroquois helicopters (No. 9 Squadron RAAF) and English Electric Canberra bombers (No. 2 Squadron RAAF). The Canberras flew 11,963 bombing sorties, and two aircraft were lost. One went missing during a bombing raid. The wreckage of the aircraft was recovered in April 2009, and the remains of Flying Officer Michael Herbert and Pilot Officer Robert Carver were found in late July 2009. The other was shot down by a surface to air missile, although both crew were rescued. They dropped 76,389 bombs and were credited with 786 enemy personnel confirmed killed and a further 3,390 estimated killed, 8,637 structures, 15,568 bunkers, 1,267 sampans and 74 bridges destroyed. ⎡] RAAF transport aircraft also supported anti-communist ground forces. The UH-1 helicopters were used in many roles including medical evacuation and close air support. RAAF casualties in Vietnam included six killed in action, eight non-battle fatalities, 30 wounded in action and 30 injured. ⎢ ]

Military airlifts were conducted for a number of purposes in the intervening decades, such as the peacekeeping operations in East Timor from 1999. Australia's combat aircraft were not used again in combat until the Iraq War in 2003, when 14 F/A-18s from No. 75 Squadron RAAF operated in the escort and ground attack roles, flying a total of 350 sorties and dropping 122 laser-guided bombs. Since August 2007, a detachment of No. 114 Mobile Control and Reporting Unit RAAF has been on active service at Kandahar Airfield in southern Afghanistan. Approximately 75 personnel deployed with the AN/TPS-77 radar assigned the responsibility to co-ordinate coalition air operations. ⎣ ]


Subject Index: RAF and Commonwealth Squadrons - History

The following notes have largely been compiled from the recollections of ex-members of 367 Signals Unit, supplemented with information now available from the National Archives, Kew.

History of 367 Signals Unit, Royal Air Force

Information from some of our oldest ex-members indicated that the Unit began life in late 1942 as 367 Wireless Unit, based at Newbold Revell near Rugby. The trained operators left the U.K. in January 1943 sailing from Liverpool for Cape Town as part of a large convoy aboard The Duchess of Richmond . After a couple of months in Cape Town, they embarked for Bombay on board HMT Dilwara .

Draft 4663 arrived at Worli, Bombay on the 18th March 1943. After a short stay at Worli Camp, they made the 6-day train journey to Calcutta, stopping briefly in transit at St. James' School, Howrah, en route for villas at Ballygunge. Operations commenced as 367 Wireless Unit based in tents on the Chindwin River and some operators ended up at Rangoon in Burma. 367 WU was joined by 368 WU in May 1943, and together with 355 WU formed the valuable WU Link monitoring Japanese military activity in the Kohima and Imphal regions of northeast India, bordering on Burma, prior to the sieges of those two towns . The Unit was recorded as operational at Chittagong on 24th July 1943.

There were probably three mobile D/F Units operating in Burma supporting the main intercept station in Ceylon. 367 WU combined with 368 Wireless Unit at some point.

The units were part of the UK's military signals intelligence (Sigint) set-up, more popularly known as the 'Y' Service

In 1945, 367 and 368 Wireless Units moved from Burma to Hong Kong, with operations and billets at Wang Fung Terrace, Tai Hang (Happy Valley)

Aerial photographs taken by the RAF in 1945 show that a military building existed at Little Sai Wan (Hong Kong) at that time and was fairly certainly of pre-war origin. It is now believed that this was a signals station operated by the Army, most probably the Royal Signals. However, an RAF Signals presence at the site in late 1941, comprising one officer, Flt Lt. Hector (Dolly) Gray, the Signals Officer from RAF Kai Tak and several other ranks is recorded in the diary of Squadron Leader Donald Hill - see Dr Philip Aston's web-site relating to "Russell's Mathematical Tables" - entry for Saturday, 13th December 1941. The aerial photographs are now held by the Map Publications Centre, Lands Department, North Point, Hong Kong.

Based on the aerial photograph taken in 1945, it is believed that, during the period of the Japanese occupation, the site at Little Sai Wan was used by the Japanese for their own radio communications activities.

In 1946, 367 and 368 Wireless Units merged to become 367 Signals Unit, and in late 1948, operations moved to Tai Po Tsai with billets at Kai Tak

In 1950, the first members of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) joined the unit with temporary billets at Lye Mun, and in July 1951, operations began at Little Sai Wan alongside the existing unit at Tai Po Tsai, and billets were established at Cape Collinson.

In 1952, 367SU linguists were operating from Batty's Belvedere atop The Peak, with billets at Lye Mun, but in the Spring of 1953, all billets moved to RAF Little Sai Wan

The unit insignia was designated in July 1953 - 'Out of water barry wavy argent/azure a rock proper (grey) thereon a double headed dragon passant Or' with the motto 'Nihil celerius' - nothing swifter. The rock on water symbolises the location of the unit - Hong Kong - at the time of the award in 1953. The double headed dragon is also associated with the area and is symbolic of watchfulness.

Between 1953 and 1958, Little Sai Wan was developed as a fully integrated operational and residential site, with all the facilities of a non-flying RAF camp. There were operational outstations at RAF Kong Wei (in the then New Territories) and RAF Detachment Labuan (in then British North Borneo). Also in 1958, the first MOD civilian operators commenced work at Little Sai Wan and Batty's Belvedere.

In January and February, 1962, the remaining RAF personnel of 367 Signals Unit were re-billeted at Kai Tak. The Little Sai Wan base was taken over by civilians as 'Composite Signals Organization, Little Sai Wan' - part of GCHQ.

In May, 1980, penetration of Little Sai Wan by hostile agents was alleged in the book 'GCHQ: The Negative Asset' by former civilian operator, Jock Kane. His book became the subject of a High Court injunction in May, 1984, effectively preventing its publication in England (see p.353 'GCHQ: The Secret Wireless War 1900 - 1986' by Nigel West)

In 1982, the Composite Signals Organisation moved from Little Sai Wan to Chung Hom Kok, west of Stanley, and the buildings at Little Sai Wan were used by a variety of Government organizations, including the Fire Training School. In early 1987, the base was used as a temporary camp for Vietnamese boat refugees, and further land reclamation for the building of a new housing scheme was underway.

Finally, in 1988, the RAF buildings at Little Sai Wan were demolished.

The land has now been redeveloped as the community of Siu Sai Wan , although some remnants of the previous occupation can still be found on the hillside above the area.

To see many photos taken by members of 367SU and others, relating to Hong Kong and RAF Little Sai Wan, follow this link:

If any ex-member of 367 Signals Unit, RAF, would like to share memories of their time in Hong Kong and at RAF Little Sai Wan or any of the outstations, they can use the Gwulo 'Comments' link at:

The 367 Association was formally wound up on October 13th, 2018 A service of Dedication for a replacement floor tile recording the existence of 367 Signals Unit, Royal Air Force, was held at St Clement Danes Church in The Strand, London, on October 12th, 2018

Photos from this event can be viewed at:

Here's a link to an interesting video about the early days of wireless intercept:

75th Anniversary of VJ Day, 15th August 2020

During the excellent BBC coverage of this event centred on the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire, there were brief film clips shown of wreath laying at various Commonwealth War Graves around the world. The extensive site at Sai Wan featured. In the later evening programme presented by Joanna Lumley, a lady who was interned at Stanley as a child, gave a very stark description of life as an internee.

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For more information about 367SU or the 367 Association, contact the Webmaster


Spore van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog Royal Air Force - No. 7 Squadron 01/01/1940 - 30/06/1940

In the spring of 1938 No.7 received its first modern monoplanes, the Whitley I. These were replaced by Whitley IIIs in late 1938, but during April/May, 1939, the squadron was re-armed yet again - this time with Handley Page Hampdens.

When the Second World War broke out the squadron was at Doncaster and engaged in training crews to operational standard for No.5 Group. It moved back to Finningley and then to Upper Heyford (No.6 Training Group) during the third and fourth weeks of September 1939, and in April, 1940, lost its identity when it was absorbed into No.16 OTU. It re-formed at Finningley at the end of April - again as a Hampden bomber squadron - but was disbanded three weeks later.

Re-formed again in August 1940, at Leeming, No.7 became the first squadron in Bomber Command to have four-engined bombers, and by early 1941 had moved to Oakington and was ready to begin operations with its new Short Stirlings. On the night of 10/11th February 1941, No.7 made its first bombing attack with the Stirlings - on oil storage tanks at Rotterdam - and just over two months later paid its first visit to Berlin. Among other early targets were Brest, Rotterdam, Emden (this was the target when the squadron made its first daylight raid, on 28th April), Hamburg and Mannheim. In 1942 minelaying was added to the squadron's duties and in May and June its Stirlings took part in the 1,000-bomber raids on Cologne, Essen and Bremen. Later that year it was one of the five squadrons selected to form the nucleus of the Pathfinder Force.

Losses 01/01/1940 - 30/06/1940

01/01/1940: Training, UK. 1 a/c lost, 3 KIA, 1 WIA

01/01/1940: Training, UK

Type:
Hampden I
Reeksnommer: P1260, MG-?
Operation: daytime cross country navigation exercise
Verlore: 01/01/1940
Pilot Officer (Pilot) Horace M. MacGregor, RAF 41855, 7 Sqdn., age 19, 01/01/1940, Harrow (Pinner) New Cemetery, UK
Sergeant [Navigator] Robert J. Bailey, RAF 581258, 7 Sqdn., age 19, 01/01/1940, Boldon (Whitburn) Cemetery, UK
Sergeant (W.Op.) Thomas O. Dennis, RAF 518112, 7 Sqdn., age 28, 01/01/1940, Birkenhead (Flaybrick Hill) Cemetery, UK
Corporal (W.Op./Air Gunner) Ted Brightmore - injured.
From: Peak District Air Crashes and BBC's WW2 Peoples War: 'The crew of P1260 were on a daytime cross country navigation exercise from RAF Upper Heyford, they flew to Blackpool and then out over the Irish Sea. The weather over the sea was poor and the crew became lost in low cloud and snow. Corporal Brightmore was in the process of winding out the trailing aerial so the crew could make contact with an RAF station to get a fix on their location when the aircraft ploughed into Snaefell and burst into flames.'

"I remember a terrific thump and tearing sound, being drenched in petrol, a big explosion, rolling into some snow which must have put on my personal fire and saved my life."
- Kpl. Ted Brightmore (in a 1990 letter to Harry Jacobson)

'Corporal Brightmore was flung from the wreck as it broke up but received fairly serious burns, he staggered do the hill eventually reaching a cottage in Sulby Glen. He was treated in Ramsey for three months before being transferred back to Upper Heyford where he was placed on non-flying duties.'

See Hampden Mk.I P1260 for pictures of the crash site circa anno 2000

Bronne: CWGC and Peak District Air Accident Research

ondersteuning

David Clark 'A-Apple'
Peter D. Cornwell, The Battle of France, Then and Now, 2008
Docherty 'No. 7 Bomber Squadron RAF in World War 2' (2007)
R Edwards DSO 'In the thick of it- autobiography of a bomber pilot' (Images Publishing 1994)
T G Mahaddie 'Hamish' (Autobiographical Stirlings 1942) (Ian Allen 1989)
Chris Ward '7 Squadron' (Bomber Command Profile no. 1)
West 'Nothing heard after take off: a short history of 7 squadron 1914-74' (West 1974)